Doctors' Understanding of Survival Statistics (MPIB)
The probably most commonly used measure for expressing the pay-offs of early detection and treatment are survival rates. Yet, over time and groups this metric comes with several biases and thus, is not reliable for judging such benefits. Epidemiologists recommend using reduction of disease-specific mortality rates instead, which is unbiased. The purpose of the study is to investigate how primary care physicians understand and use different survival measures for determining the benefit of cancer screening tests.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Ecologic or Community
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Study of Primary Care Physicians' Understanding and Use of Different Survival Measures|
- Number of Physicians (=Participants) Recommending the Screening [ Time Frame: 25 minutes (mean duration of the survey) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The aim of the study was to learn how different medical cancer screening statistics would influence doctors' recommendation behavior and their effectiveness judgments of screening tests. For that reason the online survey study presented physicians with four different medical statistics (e.g., 5-year survival) within four successive scenarios and asked after each scenario whether they would recommend the screening to a (hypothetical) patient given the data. Options to answer are: Definitely yes, Probably yes, Probably no, Definitely no, Can't decide.
- Number of Physicians (= Participants) Assuming a Benefit of Screening [ Time Frame: 25 minutes (mean duration of the survey) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Physicians are faced with four different medical statistics about the effect of screening (e.g., 5-year survival) within four successive scenarios and after each scenario asked whether they assume the screening to be beneficial given the statistical information. Options to answer are: yes, no, can't decide. If yes, then participants are further asked to describe this benefit by the following categories: Very large, large, moderate, small, very small.
|Study Start Date:||December 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
mortality*incidence*5-year survival*early stage
Physicians will be faced in scenarios about screening with information on mortality and 5-year survival, followed by information on mortality*incidence and 5-year survival*early stage in a random order.
|Max Planck Institute for Human Development|
|Berlin, Germany, 14195|
|Principal Investigator:||Odette Wegwarth, Dr.||Max Planck Institute for Human Development|