Prophylactic Irradiation of the Para-Aortic Lymph Nodes in Locally Advanced Uterine Cervical Cancer

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Joo-Young Kim, National Cancer Center, Korea
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00980759
First received: September 18, 2009
Last updated: September 29, 2014
Last verified: September 2014
  Purpose

This study is an open-label, multi-institutional, randomized phase II study, which is designed to investigate the efficacy of Extended-field irradiation (EFI) on reducing recurrences at the para-aortic lymph node (PAN), and also on improving disease-free survival of locally advanced uterine cervical cancer. Radiotherapy is given as a conformal technique based on the individually taken CT scan and cisplatin is given concomitantly with radiotherapy in both EFI arm and pelvis only treatment arm. According to our past study result, patients with more hypoxic tumors are more likely to develop distant metastasis including the recurrences at PAN (1-3). This study started with examination of CA9 (hypoxia marker) expression in the primary cervical tumor before randomization because it was expected that there would be a differential benefit of EFI in patients with CA9-positive vs CA9-negative tumors. However, the study design was modified because there was too much delay in the patient with CA9-negative tumors. The patients are now registered and then immediately randomized to experimental (EFI) and control arm (pelvis only treated) with examination of CA9 expression at later time.


Condition Intervention Phase
Cervical Cancer
Radiation: EFI
Radiation: Pelvic RT
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Randomized Study of Prophylactic Irradiation of the Para-Aortic Lymph Nodes by 3-D Conformal Radiotherapy Technique With Concurrent Chemotherapy Based on the Hypoxic Status of Locally Advanced Uterine Cervical Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Center, Korea:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the efficacy of the Extended-Field Irradiation on the recurrence rate in para-aortic lymph nodes and the disease-free survival rate of the patients with locally advanced uterine cervical cancer [ Time Frame: 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate overall survival, toxicities and quality of life (QOL) of the patients treated by EFI compared to the control group of patients [ Time Frame: 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 312
Study Start Date: July 2006
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: EFI(Extended-Field Irradiation)
Para-aortic and Pelvic Irradiation with chemotherapy(cisplatin)
Radiation: EFI
Para-aortic and Pelvic Irradiation with chemotherapy(cisplatin)
Other Name: Extended-field Irradiation
Experimental: Pelvic RT
Pelvic Irradiation with chemotherapy(cisplatin)
Radiation: Pelvic RT
Only Pelvic Irradiation with chemotherapy(cisplatin)
Other Name: Pelvic only treatment

Detailed Description:

Patients with primary, untreated, histologically confirmed carcinoma of the uterine cervix are included in this study. Absence of metastatic para-aortic lymphadenopathy is the prerequisite of the enrollment, and this is confirmed by imaging studies such as MRI covering the abdomen and pelvis, and PET/CT scan. The sample size is based on the previous studies (1-3). Considering that the disease-free survival of the experimental arm (patients who are treated with prophylactic para-aortic LN irradiation) and those who are not treated is 82% vs 72% (preliminary analysis), with the alpha error of 5% and statistical power of 90% (one-sided), a total of 140 patients in each treatment arm is needed. With 10% of follow-up loss taken into account, the total number of patients will be 312. Above figures were calculated on the basis of 80% statistical power and 5% type I error rate. PAN is treated prophylactically in the experimental arm with 45Gy/25F/5week fractionation schedule. Pelvis is treated according to the individual institute's practice guideline. Boost treatment for any enlarged pelvic lymph node or residual cervical/ parametrial disease with conformal radiation technique are allowed. Intracavitary radiation is given via low-dose-rate or high-dose-rate brachytherapy technique. Weekly cisplatin is given to all patients, however, when the patient's physical condition does not allow cisplatin administration, it can be omitted. This should be taken into account in the final analysis. The stage and the presence of pelvic lymphadenopathy are two stratification factors.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients (who have been adequately clinically staged) with primary, untreated, histologically confirmed invasive squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, or adenosquamous carcinoma of the uterine cervix, FIGO stage IB1 with pelvic lymph node metastasis, IB2, IIA(≥4cm in tumor size, or pelvic LN metastasis), IIB, IIIA, IIIB with only unilateral pelvic wall extension, and IVA
  2. Patients with negative, para-aortic lymphadenopathy determined by pelvic MRI and/or PET/CT scan.
  3. Patients with adequate bone marrow function: ANC greater than or equal to 1,500/ul, platelets greater than or equal to 100,000/ul at the beginning.
  4. Patients with adequate renal function: creatinine equal to or less than 2.0 mg/dL.
  5. Patients who have signed an approved informed consent and authorization
  6. Patients who have met the pre-entry requirements specified in section 6.0.
  7. Patients with ECOG Performance Status of 0, 1, 2 and Karnofsky Performance Scale of 100, 90, 80, 70, 60, 50
  8. Age: 18≤age≤80

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Stage IIIb with bilateral pelvic wall extension and stage IVB lesions are not eligible.
  2. Patients with histology other than squamous, adeno, adenosquamous cell carcinoma
  3. Patients who have received prior radiotherapy of pelvis or total hysterectomy Patients who have diagnosis of other malignant tumors other than non- malignant melanoma skin cancer or stage I. II papillary, follicular thyroid cancer.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00980759

Locations
Korea, Republic of
National Cancer Center, Korea
Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea, Republic of, 410-769
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Center, Korea
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Joo-young J Kim, M.D., Ph.D. National Cancer Center
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Joo-Young Kim, Principal Investigator, National Cancer Center, Korea
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00980759     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCCCTS-06-209
Study First Received: September 18, 2009
Last Updated: September 29, 2014
Health Authority: Korea: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by National Cancer Center, Korea:
Extended-field Irradiation (EFI)
Cervical cancer
Hypoxia
Carbonic anhydrase 9 (CA9)
locally advanced uterine cervical cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Female
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Urogenital Neoplasms
Uterine Cervical Diseases
Uterine Diseases
Uterine Neoplasms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014