Hepatitis B Surface Antigen(HBsAg) Loss in Chronic Hepatitis B Patients With Low Viral Load (LVL)

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified September 2009 by Academisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA).
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Academisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00973219
First received: September 8, 2009
Last updated: June 21, 2011
Last verified: September 2009
  Purpose

Rationale:

Worldwide, approximately 400 million people are chronically infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV). Chronic HBV infection increases the risk of developing cirrhosis, hepatic decompensation and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma is highest in HBeAg positive patients with high HBV DNA levels, but still the relative risk remains 10 for HBeAg negative patients. Furthermore it has been shown that when HBsAg is cleared before cirrhosis has developed, the prognosis is excellent. Recently the investigators have shown that HBeAg negative patients with high HBV-DNA load and low baseline HBsAg levels had a significantly higher HBsAg clearance (positive predictive value of 85%) after combination therapy with peginterferon alfa2a (Peg-IFN) and adefovir.

Based on these results, a trial was designed to investigate whether combination of a nucleos(t)ide analogue combined with PegIFN, could also provoke a high rate of HBsAg clearance in chronic hepatitis B patients with low (HBV DNA <20,000 IU/mL) viral load.

Study design:

This is a three arm open-label prospective randomized controlled trial. 150 patients will be enrolled into the study after assessment of eligibility. All patients must have documented HBsAg positivity for longer than 6 months, HBeAg negativity, anti-HBe positivity, HBV DNA < 20,000 IU/mL and ALT < 5 * upper limit of normal. Patients with a Child Pugh class B or C will be excluded. Group 1 will consist of patients treated with Peg-IFN and adefovir, group 2 will consist of patients treated with Peg-IFN and tenofovir and group 3 will consist of untreated controls. Patients in group 1 and 2 will receive medication for the period of one year. For enrolment into the study a liverbiopsy at time of enrolment is compulsory and is advisable at end of treatment (week 48).

Study population: The study population will consist of 150 patients chronically infected with hepatitis B virus with low viral load and HBeAg negativity.

Main study parameters/endpoints:

The aim of this study is to investigate what proportion of HBeAg negative, inactive carriers of the hepatitis B virus with low (< 20,000 IU/mL) load will lose HBsAg when treated with nucleot(s)ide analogue/Peg-IFN combination therapy.

In this study the investigators hypothesize that both treatment with peg-interferon and ADF or Peg-IFN and TDF in HBeAg negative chronic hepatitis B patients with low HBV DNA viral load will induce a high rate of HBsAg loss, comparable to that in patients with high viral load after treatment with ADF and Peg-IFN.


Condition Intervention
Chronic Hepatitis B
Drug: Peg-Interferon alfa 2a + Adefovir dipivoxil, Peg-Interferon alfa 2a + Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Prospective Open-label Trial for Comparing Combination Therapy Peg-Interferon Alfa-2a/Adefovir Dipivoxil and Peg-Interferon Alfa-2a/Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Versus no Treatment in HBeAg Negative Chronic Hepatitis B Patients With Low Viral Load.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Academisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary objective is to demonstrate the efficacy of combination therapy (Peg-IFN and adefovir or Peg-IFN and tenofovir) for inducing loss of HBsAg compared to no-treatment in HBeAg negative chronic hepatitis B patients with low viral load. [ Time Frame: 6.5 years including long term follow up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The secondary objectives are to evaluate: a. the rate of HBsAg loss and anti-HBs seroconversion, b. To establish predictive markers at baseline and during the first 12 weeks of treatment for response of primary and secondary endpoints. [ Time Frame: 6.5 years including long term follow up. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 150
Study Start Date: September 2009
Estimated Primary Completion Date: September 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Peg-Interferon alfa 2a + Adefovir
50 HBeAg negative chronic hepatitis B patients with low viral load will receive Peg-Interferon alfa 2a + Adefovir for a period of 48 weeks.
Drug: Peg-Interferon alfa 2a + Adefovir dipivoxil, Peg-Interferon alfa 2a + Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
Peg-Interferon alfa 2a 180ug/week + Adefovir dipivoxil 10mg/day, Peg-Interferon alfa 2a 180ug/week + Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 245mg/day
Other Names:
  • Pegsys®
  • Hepsera®
  • Viread®
Active Comparator: Peg-Interferon alfa 2a + Tenofovir
50 HBeAg negative chronic hepatitis B patients with low viral load will receive Peg-Interferon alfa 2a + Tenofovir for a period of 48 weeks.
Drug: Peg-Interferon alfa 2a + Adefovir dipivoxil, Peg-Interferon alfa 2a + Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
Peg-Interferon alfa 2a 180ug/week + Adefovir dipivoxil 10mg/day, Peg-Interferon alfa 2a 180ug/week + Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 245mg/day
Other Names:
  • Pegsys®
  • Hepsera®
  • Viread®
No Intervention: no treatment
50 HBeAg negative chronic hepatitis B patients with low viral load will not receive treatment during a period of 48 weeks
Drug: Peg-Interferon alfa 2a + Adefovir dipivoxil, Peg-Interferon alfa 2a + Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
Peg-Interferon alfa 2a 180ug/week + Adefovir dipivoxil 10mg/day, Peg-Interferon alfa 2a 180ug/week + Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 245mg/day
Other Names:
  • Pegsys®
  • Hepsera®
  • Viread®

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male and female patients > 18 and ≤ 70 years of age
  • Positive HBsAg for more than 6 months.
  • Negative for HBeAg for more than 6 months.
  • HBV DNA < 2.0 E04 IU/mL
  • Serum ALT < 5 * ULN as determined by two values taken >14 days apart during the six months before the first dose of study drug with at least one of the determinations obtained during the screening period.
  • Negative urine or serum pregnancy test (for women of childbearing potential) documented within the 24-hour period prior to the first dose of test drug.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients co-infected with HCV, HIV or who have decompensated liver disease, hepato-cellular carcinoma, significant cardiac disease, significant renal disease, seizure disorders or severe retinopathy.
  • Patients who have received nucleos(t)ide analogues for their chronic hepatitis B within 6 weeks before enrollment or have received Peg-IFN within 3 months before enrollment.
  • Patients must not have received any other systemic anti-viral, anti-neoplastic or immuno-modulatory treatment (including supraphysiologic doses of steroids or radiation) <3 months prior to the first dose of study drug or the expectation that such treatment will be needed at any time during the study.
  • Positive test at screening for anti-HAV IgM, anti-HIV, HCV RNA. (Patients that have cleared the hepatitis C virus can be included in the study)
  • Patients who are expected to need systemic antiviral therapy other than that provided by the study at any time during their participation in the study are also excluded. Exception: patients who have had a limited (<7 day) course of acyclovir for herpetic lesions more than 1 month prior to the first administration of test drug are not excluded.
  • Evidence of decompensated liver disease (Child pugh B-C)
  • Serum total bilirubin > twice the upper limit of normal at screening
  • History or other evidence of bleeding from esophageal varices or other conditions consistent with decompensated liver disease.
  • History or other evidence of a medical condition associated with chronic liver disease other than HBV (e.g., hemochromatosis, autoimmune hepatitis, metabolic liver diseases including Wilson's disease and alfa1-antitrypsin deficiency, alcoholic liver disease, toxin exposures, thalassemia).
  • Women with ongoing pregnancy or who are breast feeding.
  • Neutrophil count <1500 cells/mm3 or platelet count <80,000 cells/mm3 at screening.
  • Hemoglobin < 7.1 mmol/L (< 11.5 g/dL) for females and < 7.8 mmol/L (< 12.5 g/dL) for men at screening.
  • Serum creatinine level >1.5 times the upper limit of normal at screening.
  • Unstable ongoing severe psychiatric disease, especially depression (stable patients can be included).
  • History of immunologically mediated disease (e.g., inflammatory bowel disease, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, lupus erythematosus, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, scleroderma, severe psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis).
  • History or other evidence of chronic pulmonary and cardiac disease associated with functional limitation. Severe cardiac disease (e.g., NYHA Functional Class III or IV, myocardial infarction within 6 months, ventricular tachyarrhythmias requiring ongoing treatment, unstable angina or other significant cardiovascular diseases).
  • History of a severe seizure disorder or current anticonvulsant use and clinically unstable disease.
  • Evidence of an active or suspected cancer or a history of malignancy where the risk of recurrence is >20% within 5 years. Patients with a lesion suspicious of hepatic malignancy on a screening imaging study will only be eligible if the likelihood of carcinoma is <10% following an appropriate evaluation.
  • Major organ transplantation. (patients with skin, cornea or bone transplantation are allowed to be included into the study)
  • Thyroid disease with thyroid function poorly controlled on prescribed medications. Patients with elevated thyroid stimulating hormone or T4 concentrations, with elevation of antibodies to thyroid peroxidase and any clinical manifestations of thyroid disease that are not stable on prescribed medication are excluded. Stable patients can be included.
  • History or other evidence of severe retinopathy (e.g. CMV retinitis, macula degeneration) or clinically relevant ophthalmological disorder due to diabetes mellitus or hypertension.
  • Inability or unwillingness to provide informed consent or abide by the requirements of the study.
  • History or other evidence of severe illness or any other conditions which would make the patient, in the opinion of the investigator, unsuitable for the study.
  • Patients with a value of alfa-fetoprotein >100 ng/mL are excluded, unless stability (less than 10% increase) has been documented over at least the previous 3 months.
  • Evidence of current hard drug(s) (i.e. cannabis products are allowed) and/or alcohol abuse (20g/day for women and 30g/day for men).
  • Patients included in another trial or having been given investigational drugs within 12 weeks prior to screening.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00973219

Contacts
Contact: Henk Reesink, MD PHD +31 20 5662787 ext phone h.w.reesink@amc.nl
Contact: Annikki de Niet, MD +31 20 5668278 ext phone a.deniet@amc.nl

Locations
Netherlands
Academic Medical Center Recruiting
Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands, 1100 AZ
Contact: Annikki de Niet, MD    +31 20 5668278    a.deniet@amc.nl   
Contact: Henk Reesink, MD PhD    +31 20 5662787    h.w.reesink@amc.nl   
Principal Investigator: Henk Reesink, MD PhD         
Principal Investigator: Annikki de Niet, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Academisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: H.R. Reesink, MD PhD Academisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA)
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Dr. H.W. Reesink, hepatologist. (MD), Academic Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00973219     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: TTM16002, EudraCT number: 2009-013117-94, ABR number: 28338
Study First Received: September 8, 2009
Last Updated: June 21, 2011
Health Authority: Netherlands: The Central Committee on Research Involving Human Subjects (CCMO)

Keywords provided by Academisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA):
HBsAg loss
HBsAg seroconversion
chronic hepatitis B
low viral load
inactive carrier hepatitis B

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis, Chronic
Hepatitis B, Chronic
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hepadnaviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Interferon-alpha
Interferon Alfa-2a
Interferons
Adefovir
Adefovir dipivoxil
Tenofovir
Tenofovir disoproxil
Peginterferon alfa-2a
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 23, 2014