Trial Comparing the Use of FLT PET to Standard CT to Assess Treatment Response of Neoadjuvant Docetaxel and Cisplatin in Stage IB-IIIA Resectable NSCLC

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00963807
First received: August 18, 2009
Last updated: July 18, 2014
Last verified: June 2014
  Purpose

This study is being done to compare a special type of Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scan with CT scan in patients with surgically removable lung cancer to see which method is more useful in measuring a response to treatment. A PET scan uses small amounts of radioactive material injected into the blood to show the internal workings of the body. In this study, we will use two radioactive materials: 18F-FLT (referred to as FLT) and 18F-FDG (referred to as FDG). FDG is used routinely in the staging of lung cancer and is approved by the FDA for that purpose. FLT is used in the special type of PET scan being assessed by this study. In addition the study will assess the effects of the combination of docetaxel and cisplatin (chemotherapeutic drugs) on certain pathological characteristics of the tumor. The combination of docetaxel and cisplatin is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of advanced/metastatic NSCLC (non-small cell lung cancer). It is not approved for use in patients who have surgically removable NSCLC. In such cases cisplatin is used as a single drug therapy before surgery. The FDA is allowing the use of docetaxel along with cisplatin in this research study.


Condition Intervention Phase
Recurrent Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Stage IB Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Stage IIA Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Stage IIB Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Stage IIIA Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Stage IV Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Drug: docetaxel
Drug: cisplatin
Drug: dexamethasone
Radiation: fludeoxyglucose F 18
Procedure: positron emission tomography
Procedure: computed tomography
Other: fluorine F 18 fluorothymidine
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Phase II Single-Arm Trial Comparing the Use of FLT PET to Standard Computed Tomography to Assess the Treatment Response of Neoadjuvant Docetaxel and Cisplatin in Stage IB-IIIA Resectable Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in FLT uptake (measured in quantitative SUVs and Ki) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Will be calculated by subtracting the uptake of the scan after the first cycle of chemotherapy from the uptake of the pre-treatment scan.

  • Change in FLT uptake [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Will be utilized as a continuous variable.

  • Change in FLT uptake in responders and non-responders [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Unadjusted analysis will be performed utilizing students t-tests. If the data appears non-normal, the Wilcox on rank-sum test will be used rather than the t-test. Adjusted analysis will be performed utilizing logistic regression.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in FLT uptake comparing the scan after the second cycle of chemotherapy with the uptake of the pre-treatment scan [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Will be calculated by subtracting the uptake of the scan after the second cycle of chemotherapy from the uptake of the pre-treatment scan.

  • Change in FDG uptake comparing the scans after both the first and second cycles of chemotherapy with the uptake of the pre-treatment scan [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Will be calculated by subtracting the uptake of the scan after the first and second cycles of chemotherapy from the uptake of the pre-treatment scan.

  • Overall response rate reported as a proportion of the total number of patients who received at least one cycle of therapy assessed using RECIST criteria [ Time Frame: Up to 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 55
Study Start Date: September 2009
Estimated Primary Completion Date: July 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Diagnostic (docetaxel, cisplatin, dexamethasone, and surgery)
Patients receive docetaxel IV and cisplatin IV on day 1 and dexamethasone PO BID. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients undergo FDG PET/CT, FLT PET/CT, and thoracic CT at baseline and the end of courses 1 and 2 and then undergo surgery.
Drug: docetaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • RP 56976
  • Taxotere
  • TXT
Drug: cisplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CACP
  • CDDP
  • CPDD
  • DDP
Drug: dexamethasone
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Aeroseb-Dex
  • Decaderm
  • Decadron
  • DM
  • DXM
Radiation: fludeoxyglucose F 18
Undergo FDG PET/CT
Other Names:
  • 18FDG
  • FDG
Procedure: positron emission tomography
Undergo FDG PET/CT and FLT PET/CT
Other Names:
  • FDG-PET
  • PET
  • PET scan
  • tomography, emission computed
Procedure: computed tomography
Undergo FDG PET/CT, FLT PET/CT and thoracic CT
Other Name: tomography, computed
Other: fluorine F 18 fluorothymidine
Undergo FLT PET/CT
Other Names:
  • 18F-FLT
  • 3'-deoxy-3'-[18F]fluorothymidine
  • fluorothymidine F-18
Procedure: therapeutic conventional surgery
Undergo surgery
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine if the absolute decrease measured in primary tumor 18 F-F-3'-fluoro-3'-deoxy-L-thymidine (FLT) uptake (standard uptake value [SUV] and influx constant [Ki]) between pre-treatment imaging and imaging after the first cycle of therapy differs in patients categorized as responders or non-responders based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) measured with computed tomography (CT) after the second cycle of therapy.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine if the absolute decrease measured in primary tumor FDG uptake (SUV) between pre-treatment imaging and imaging after the first cycle of therapy differs in patients categorized as responders or non-responders based on RECIST measured with CT after the second cycle of therapy.

II. To assess the effects of the combination of docetaxel and cisplatin on fractional tumor viability and proliferative fraction pre and post treatment and to correlate these with the PET SUV data for both tracers.

III. To assess the methylation status of the checkpoint with forkhead and ring finger domains gene (CHFR) gene from pre-treatment tumor biopsies and correlate methylation status post treatment with clinical and pathologic response.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive docetaxel intravenously (IV) and cisplatin IV on day 1 and dexamethasone orally (PO) twice daily (BID). Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients undergo FDG PET/CT, FLT PET/CT, and thoracic CT at baseline and the end of courses 1 and 2 and then undergo surgery.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 4-6 weeks.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed clinical stage IB - IIIA non-small cell lung cancer; stage IV patients with oligometastatic disease with metastases that have been treated definitively with radiation or surgery are also eligible (ie: solitary brain or adrenal metastasis); mixed tumors will be categorized by the predominant cell type unless small cell elements are present in which case the patient is ineligible; note: tissue samples from biopsy confirmation will be required
  • Patients must be surgically resectable as determined by a thoracic surgeon
  • Patients must have measurable disease per RECIST 1.1, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as >= 10 mm with spiral CT scan
  • Life expectancy of greater than 12 weeks
  • ECOG performance status < 1
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/uL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/uL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/uL
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
  • AST (SGOT) =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
  • Alkaline phosphatase =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/1.73 m2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • Fasting screening blood glucose =< 200 mg/dL
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with either agent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
  • Patients must not have received prior systemic chemotherapy or radiation therapy for lung cancer; prior systemic chemotherapy or radiation for other malignancies over three years prior to study enrollment may be allowed at the discretion of the principal medical investigator
  • Prior malignancy in the past 3 years, other than non-melanoma skin cancer and in situ carcinoma of the cervix
  • Patients who report a hearing deficit at baseline, even if it does not require a hearing aid or intervention, or interfere with activities of daily life (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] grade 2 or higher)
  • Peripheral neuropathy > CTCAE grade 1
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to cisplatin, docetaxel, or other agents used in the study
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, uncontrolled diabetes, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible
  • Inability to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00963807

Locations
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University/Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
United States, Ohio
Ohio State University Medical Center
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Richard Wahl Johns Hopkins University/Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00963807     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-02899, NCI-2012-02899, NA_00017885, 8340, N01CM00070, P30CA006973
Study First Received: August 18, 2009
Last Updated: July 18, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Docetaxel
Cisplatin
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone acetate
Dexamethasone 21-phosphate
BB 1101
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 29, 2014