European Quality of Care Pathways Study on Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) (EQCP-COPD)
Care pathways, a complex intervention to (re)organise, standardize and evaluate care processes, are used worldwide and in different kinds of settings. Although their international use, the impact is unclear. The European Quality of Care Pathways Study is the first international cluster Randomized Controlled Trial on the effect of care pathways for COPD patients.
The hypothesis is that teams who work with care pathways for COPD patients deliver care that is more compliant to evidence based key interventions, have better patient outcomes and higher scores on team indicators than teams who do not work with care pathways.
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Other: COPD evidence based care pathway
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
|Official Title:||The European Quality of Care Pathways Study: The Impact of a Care Pathway for Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) : an International Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial."|
- Readmission rate [ Time Frame: 6 month ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Mortality [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Length of stay [ Time Frame: in hospital ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||May 2009|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2011|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
A care pathway will be implemented in this experimental group.
Other: COPD evidence based care pathway
A care pathways, as complex intervention, will be implemented.
No Intervention: Usual care
Usual care will be provided.
Healthcare is changing towards more patient focused care. The organization of the care process related to quality, efficiency and accessibility is one of the main areas of interest within the next years for clinicians, healthcare managers and policy makers. A main method to (re)organize a care process is the development and implementation of a care pathway. Care pathways, also known as clinical pathways or critical pathways, are used worldwide for a variety of patient groups. The European Pathway Association (E-P-A) defines a care pathway as: "A complex intervention for the mutual decision making and organization of predictable care for a well-defined group of patients during a well defined period. Defining characteristics of pathways includes: an explicit statement of the goals and key elements of care based on evidence, best practice and patient expectations; the facilitations of the communication and coordination of roles, and sequencing the activities of the multidisciplinary care team, patients and their relatives; the documentation, monitoring, and evaluation of variances and outcomes; and the identification of relevant resources".
Very few prospective studies have been performed and published on the impact of pathways on quality and efficiency of care. The European Quality of Care Pathways (EQCP)-study will involve exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) to evaluate pathway effectiveness. Literature shows that adherence to international guidelines with regard to inhospital management of COPD exacerbation is low, especially in non pharmacological treatment.11-19 Currently, only three non-randomized trials about the impact of a care pathway for inpatient management of COPD exacerbation are published. The studies are conducted between 1995 and 2001, and the methodology is doubtful. However the studies indicate that a COPD exacerbation care pathway improves performance with regard to diagnostic assessment and use of standing orders, and that it diminishes the number of rehospitalisation, shortens length of stay (LOS) and reduces mortality.
In the context of the high volume of hospitalized COPD patients, high costs and high risk, and the complex coordination of care among multiple caregivers, a care pathway could enhance the quality of care in these patients by improving patient outcomes, promoting patient safety, increasing patient satisfaction, improving multidisciplinary teamwork and optimizing the use of resources.
The goal of the European Quality of Care Pathways (EQCP) study is:
- To evaluate the care pathway effectiveness in acute hospitals and their immediate link with primary care;
- To evaluate the effect of care pathways on team processes and team perceived organization of care.
|Study Director:||Kris Vanhaecht, PhD||Katholieke Universiteit Leuven|
|Principal Investigator:||Walter Sermeus, PhD||Katholieke Universiteit Leuven|
|Principal Investigator:||Massimiliano Panella, PhD||Amedeo Avogadro University of Eastern Piemont|