Lapatinib Ditosylate and Capecitabine in Treating Patients With Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
ICORG- All Ireland Cooperative Oncology Research Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00962312
First received: August 19, 2009
Last updated: October 17, 2012
Last verified: October 2012
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Lapatinib ditosylate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as capecitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving lapatinib ditosylate together with capecitabine may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving lapatinib ditosylate together with capecitabine works in treating patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Pancreatic Cancer
Drug: capecitabine
Drug: lapatinib ditosylate
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Lapatinib and Capecitabine in the Treatment of Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by ICORG- All Ireland Cooperative Oncology Research Group:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • 6-month survival rate [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Progression-free survival (PFS) will be measured as the number of days between patient's enrolment and his or her date of progression of disease. Patients who are still living six months after the last patient has been enrolled will be censored for the analyses, using the number of days between enrolment and the date of last follow-up. Disease progression will be determined according to definitions established in the modified response evaluation criteria in solid tumours (RECIST) (refer to Appendix G). For patients with non-measureable tumours disease progression will be determined by the treating physician in consultation with the Chief investigator for the study.

  • Overall response rate [ Time Frame: up to 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The overall response rate will be an aggregation of the complete responses and partial responses. For patients to be given the status of complete response or partial response a confirmatory disease assessment should be performed no less than four weeks after the criteria for response are first met.

  • Clinical benefit [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A patient will be regarded as` having experienced clinical benefit if they have shown a complete response, a partial response, or stable disease for at least six months.

  • Safety and tolerability [ Time Frame: Throughout course of study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Tumour biomarker analysis [ Time Frame: Currently ongoing ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Characterising the patient population by determination of intra-tumoural expression of ErbB1 (EGFR) and ErbB2 (Her2/neu).Seeking pilot information as to the intra-tumoural expression of markers of tumour resistance and sensitivity to treatment. Proteomic analysis of serum samples for potential markers.


Enrollment: 9
Study Start Date: January 2009
Primary Completion Date: December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Capecitabine and Lapatinib Drug: capecitabine Drug: lapatinib ditosylate

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • To evaluate the efficacy of lapatinib ditosylate and capecitabine as first-line therapy, in terms of overall survival, in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer.

Secondary

  • To evaluate the progression-free survival of patients treated with this regimen.
  • To evaluate the overall response rate (complete and partial responses) in patients treated with this regimen.
  • To evaluate the clinical benefit (complete response, partial response, or stable disease for ≥ 6 months) of this regimen in these patients.
  • To evaluate the qualitative and quantitative toxicity associated with this regimen in these patients.
  • To determine the intra-tumoral expression of ErbB1 (EGFR) and ErbB2 (HER2/neu) in these patients.
  • To seek pilot information on the intra-tumoral expression of markers of tumor resistance and sensitivity to treatment, including resistance drug pump expression and growth factor receptor expression.
  • To collect pre- and post-treatment serum samples from these patients for proteomic analyses to elucidate if any serum cancer marker profiles can be detected.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive oral lapatinib ditosylate once daily on days 1-21 and oral capecitabine twice daily on days 1-14. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6-12 weeks.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas
  • Measurable or non-measurable disease

    • Measurable disease is defined as ≥ 1 lesion that can be accurately measured in ≥ 1 dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as ≥ 20 mm with conventional techniques or as ≥ 10 mm with spiral CT scan
  • No known brain metastases or leptomeningeal disease

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • ECOG performance status 0-1
  • Life expectancy > 12 weeks
  • ANC ≥ 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
  • Albumin ≥ 2.5 g/dL
  • Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (2.5 times ULN if Gilbert's syndrome is present)
  • AST and ALT ≤ 3 times ULN (5 times ULN if documented liver metastases are present)
  • Creatinine < 1.5 times ULN
  • Cardiac ejection fraction normal by ECHO or MUGA scan
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • Able to swallow and retain oral medication
  • No gastrointestinal (GI) tract disease resulting in an inability to take oral medication, malabsorption syndrome, requirement for IV alimentation, or uncontrolled inflammatory GI disease (e.g., Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis)
  • No active hepatic or biliary disease, except for Gilbert's syndrome, asymptomatic gallstones, liver metastases, or stable chronic liver disease per investigator assessment
  • No active cardiac disease within the past 6 months, including any of the following:

    • Uncontrolled angina
    • Clinically significant arrhythmia, except for asymptomatic atrial fibrillation requiring anticoagulation
    • Myocardial infarction
    • Uncontrolled or symptomatic congestive heart failure
    • Any other cardiac condition that, in the opinion of the treating physician, would make this study unreasonably hazardous for the patient
  • No concurrent uncontrolled illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection or psychiatric illness/social situation that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • No known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncrasy to drugs chemically related to lapatinib ditosylate or any of its excipients, capecitabine, or fluorouracil
  • No known dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) deficiency
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except for completely resected nonmelanoma skin cancer or successfully treated in situ carcinoma

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • Recovered from prior radiotherapy or surgery
  • No prior surgical procedures affecting absorption
  • No prior EGFR- or ErbB2-targeting therapies
  • No prior capecitabine
  • No prior chemotherapy for locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer
  • At least 3 months since prior adjuvant chemotherapy

    • Prior fluorouracil allowed as a radiosensitizer only
  • More than 30 days (or 5 half-lives) since prior investigational drugs
  • No concurrent radiotherapy or surgery for metastatic cancer
  • No concurrent combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients
  • No concurrent CYP3A4 inducers or inhibitors
  • No other concurrent investigational agents or anticancer therapy (e.g., cytotoxic or biologic therapy)
  • No concurrent herbal (alternative) medicines
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00962312

Locations
Ireland
Cork University Hospital
Cork, Ireland
Mercy University Hospital
Cork, Ireland
Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Dublin Incorporating the National Children's Hospital
Dublin, Ireland, 24
Beaumont Hospital
Dublin, Ireland, 9
Mater Misericordiae University Hospital
Dublin, Ireland, 7
Mater Private Hospital
Dublin, Ireland, 7
St. James's Hospital
Dublin, Ireland, 8
St. Vincent's University Hospital
Dublin, Ireland, 4
University College Hospital
Galway, Ireland
Sponsors and Collaborators
ICORG- All Ireland Cooperative Oncology Research Group
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ray McDermott, MD Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Dublin Incorporating the National Children's Hospital
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: ICORG- All Ireland Cooperative Oncology Research Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00962312     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000641320, ICORG-08-39, EUDRACT-2008-006907-22, EU-20933
Study First Received: August 19, 2009
Last Updated: October 17, 2012
Health Authority: Ireland: Irish Medicines Board

Keywords provided by ICORG- All Ireland Cooperative Oncology Research Group:
adenocarcinoma of the pancreas
recurrent pancreatic cancer
stage IV pancreatic cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Capecitabine
Fluorouracil
Lapatinib
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014