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Safety and Efficacy of ADAPTAVIR's Ability to Eliminate Treatment-Resistant Infectious Virus in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMCs)

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified August 2009 by Rapid Laboratories Inc..
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Rapid Laboratories Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00951743
First received: July 31, 2009
Last updated: August 7, 2009
Last verified: August 2009
  Purpose

This is a 24 week placebo controlled, double-blind, 2-arm study of ADAPTAVIR, Monomeric Dala1-peptide T-amide (mDAPTA) compared to placebo, in HIV infected individuals with suppressed plasma viral loads < 200 copies/ml by highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) treatment for at least 3 months prior to entry with at least 6 continuous months of HAART treatment preceding entry. 20 treatment and 20 placebo individuals will be enrolled in each arm. The study duration is 24 weeks on placebo or mDAPTA administered intranasally at 0.01 mg two times a day.

The main (intent to treat) analysis is planned for the 24 week endpoint. The virological outcomes of interest in the present study are infectious virus recoverable from cellular (PBMC) sources and cellular viral mRNA and DNA copy numbers. Immune outcomes (plasma cytokines) associated with HIV disease, HIV replication, or immune function will be studied.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Adaptavir (monomeric DAPTA)
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Safety and Efficacy of ADAPTAVIR's Ability to Eliminate Treatment-Resistant Infectious Virus in the Blood Cellular Reservoir (PBMCs) of HIV Patients With Suppressed Plasma Viral Load.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Rapid Laboratories Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To assess the safety & toxicity of mDAPTA in HIV infected individuals with suppressed viral loads on HAART treatment & assess the proportion of study participants achieving PMBC viral culture negative status at 24weeks. [ Time Frame: 6 months with 2 month follow up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Virological and Immunological outcome measures [ Time Frame: 6 months with 2 month follow up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: July 2009
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date: May 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Adaptavir Treatment
MDAPTA (Adaptavir) will be administered intranasally at 0.01 mg twice per day. Individuals with plasma viral load (PCR Roche Amplicor Ultrasensitive assay) less than 200 copies/mL, sustained for the previous 90 days, with CD4>350 cells/mm3 will be eligible to participate.
Drug: Adaptavir (monomeric DAPTA)

Intranasal (IN) Solution: 20 mL of solution in a 20 mL polyethylene screw top vial to which a metered sprayer is adapted. Each spray releases approximately 0.1 0.12 mL.

Available strength - 0.01mg/mI (active study medication), or no mDAPTA (placebo study medication), in water containing 0.25% benzyl alcohol as preservative and 250 mM mannitol (GRAS) to achieve isotonicity.

Individuals in this study will be randomized to receive mDAPTA or placebo and be instructed to administer four metered nasal spray applications two times a day, in the morning, and in the evening, as close to 12 hours after the morning dose as practical. The planned daily dose of mDAPTA is 8 μg/day.

Other Names:
  • Adaptavir
  • Monomeric DAPTA
  • DAPTA -D ala Peptide T
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo will be administered intranasally at 0.01 mg twice per day. Individuals with plasma viral load (PCR Roche Amplicor Ultrasensitive assay) less than 200 copies/mL, sustained for the previous 90 days, with CD4>350 cells/mm3 will be eligible to participate.
Drug: Adaptavir (monomeric DAPTA)

Intranasal (IN) Solution: 20 mL of solution in a 20 mL polyethylene screw top vial to which a metered sprayer is adapted. Each spray releases approximately 0.1 0.12 mL.

Available strength - 0.01mg/mI (active study medication), or no mDAPTA (placebo study medication), in water containing 0.25% benzyl alcohol as preservative and 250 mM mannitol (GRAS) to achieve isotonicity.

Individuals in this study will be randomized to receive mDAPTA or placebo and be instructed to administer four metered nasal spray applications two times a day, in the morning, and in the evening, as close to 12 hours after the morning dose as practical. The planned daily dose of mDAPTA is 8 μg/day.

Other Names:
  • Adaptavir
  • Monomeric DAPTA
  • DAPTA -D ala Peptide T

Detailed Description:

A primary objective of this study is to assess the safety and toxicity of mDAPTA (Adaptavir) in HIV infected individuals with suppressed viral loads with HAART treatment and assess the proportion of study participants achieving PMBC viral culture negative status at 24weeks. PMBC viral culture status is a direct measurement of treatment resistant, residual, active HIV replication in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells. We hypothesize this proportion will be significantly greater in the treatment arm relative to the placebo arm (the odds of achieving this endpoint are significantly greater in mDAPTA- than in placebo-treated participants).

Secondary Endpoints (all analyzed as odds ratios) are to determine

  • The proportion of study participants achieving (0.5 log10) decrease in quantitative viral mRNA in PBMCs will be significantly greater in the treatment arm relative to the placebo arm.
  • The proportion of study participants achieving (0.5 log10) decrease in quantitative viral DNA in PBMCs will be significantly greater in the treatment arm relative to the placebo arm.
  • The proportion of study participants whose plasma viral loads were greater than 200 copies/ml on two successive measurements 6 weeks apart will be significantly greater in the placebo arm relative to the treatment arm.

Immunological outcome hypotheses, based on 24-week data

  • The proportion of study participants achieving at least greater than 50% decrease in the inflammatory cytokines TNFa, IL-10, IL-8 or IL-6 will be significantly greater in the treatment arm relative to the placebo arm.
  • The proportion of study participants achieving at least greater than 50% increase in the cytokines IL-2, IL-10, IL-12, IL-13 and IFNa will be significantly greater in the treatment arm relative to the placebo arm.
  • The proportion of study participants achieving at least an increase in CD4 T cells will be significantly greater in the treatment arm relative to the placebo arm.
  • The proportion of study participants whose viral load becomes greater than 200 copies/ml will be significantly greater in the placebo arm relative to the treatment arm.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. HIV positive, male or female of any race and at least 18 years of age.
  2. Must have received continuous currently acceptable anti-retroviral therapy ("HAART"; highly active antiviral therapy) for at least six months prior to entry.
  3. Must have HIV-1 plasma viral load RNA (PCR or bDNA) < 200 copies/mL for 90 days prior to randomization in this study.
  4. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at screening prior to randomization in this study. Upon randomization, these women must agree to use methods of birth control or abstinence to prevent pregnancy.
  5. Must have a sustained CD4+ cell count > 350 cells/mm3 for 90 days prior to randomization in this study.
  6. Must be considered clinically stable, in the opinion of the investigator, at the time of entry into the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Expected to require adjustment to their antiretroviral therapy during screening or within 8 weeks after initiating mDAPTA therapy.
  2. Current participation in other clinical trials with investigational drugs.
  3. Use of any investigational agents including immunomodulatory agents (GM CSF, interferon, interleukin etc.) within 60 days prior to study entry.
  4. Use of any vaccine, including for Influenza (killed or live), Pneumovax etc., within 60 days of initiating therapy with mDAPTA.
  5. Use or anticipated use of immunosuppressive therapy, including chemotherapy during participation in the study.
  6. Alcohol or substance abuse which, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with patient compliance or safety.
  7. Study participants with an active opportunistic infection or malignancy.
  8. Pregnant or breastfeeding.
  9. Any condition or history of any illness which, in the opinion of the investigator, might confound the results of the study or pose additional risk in administering the study drugs to the participant.
  10. Participants who previously received treatment with DAPTA.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00951743

Contacts
Contact: Richard Elion, MD 202-745-6152 rickelion@gmail.com
Contact: Tina Celenza, PA-C, MPH (202) 745-6171 TCelenza@wwc.org

Locations
United States, District of Columbia
Whitman Walker Clinic Recruiting
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20009
Principal Investigator: Richard Elion, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rapid Laboratories Inc.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Richard Elion, MD Whitman Walker clinic
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Richard Elion/Prinicpal Investigator, Whitman Walker Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00951743     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RAPID Laboratories 001
Study First Received: July 31, 2009
Last Updated: August 7, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Rapid Laboratories Inc.:
AIDS
HIV
mDAPTA

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Slow Virus Diseases
Virus Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 25, 2014