Cardiovascular Biomarkers and Quetiapine in Depression and Anxiety Patients

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Loyola University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00951483
First received: July 31, 2009
Last updated: October 29, 2012
Last verified: October 2012
  Purpose

No suitable treatment has been identified to reverse and ideally prevent, the cardiovascular disease risk associated with depression and anxiety. The purpose of this study is to determine if quetiapine treatment of depression can reverse the signs of arterial stiffening that often occurs in depression and anxiety, and which are believed to be risk factors for future heart disease.


Condition Intervention Phase
Depression
Anxiety
Drug: Quetiapine-XR
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Cardiovascular Biomarkers During Quetiapine Treatment of Depression

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Loyola University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Improvement in biomarkers of CV disease. Do patients with Major Depressive Disorder and co-morbid anxiety and increased platelet reactivity, endothelial dysfunction, and inflammation normalize these parameters following treatment with quetiapine. [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Determine whether treatment with a low-dose quetiapine will alleviate symptoms of depression and anxiety. [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 51
Study Start Date: July 2009
Study Completion Date: October 2011
Primary Completion Date: October 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Patients will undergo baseline psychological and laboratory tests then receive Quetiapine-XR(Seroquel-XR) with flexible dosing at the discretion of the treating physician based on clinical response and tolerability. The dose range will be from 50-300mg. The total duration of the treatment will be 12 weeks.
Drug: Quetiapine-XR
Quetiapine-XR (Seroquel-XR) 50-300mg daily for 12 weeks.
Other Name: Seroquel

Detailed Description:

The evidence that depressive and anxiety disorders confer a high relative risk (RR) for cardiovascular disease development is clear and compelling. A cadre of inflammation, platelet activation and other biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction strongly suggest multiple and possibly interrelated mechanisms underlying this co-morbidity. Early detection of the vulnerability to develop CVD has become an urgent health issue. However, detection alone of vulnerability without proper therapeutic intervention aimed at reversing it, is merely of scientific interest. The evidence to date that antidepressant drugs, while highly efficacious in restoring euthymia, may not normalize the biomarkers of CVD vulnerability. Hence, there is a need to identify other pharmacologic interventions for depression. Quetiapine, due to its unique molecular structure and unique pharmacological profile, belongs to none of the known classes of antidepressants. However, quetiapine clearly has antidepressant and anti-anxiety efficacies. Now, we propose to explore whether quetiapine can reverse those pathophysiological changes occurring in mixed depression/anxiety that have been linked causally to the development of CVD.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • A diagnosis of Major Depressive Disorder, first episode or recurrent, by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) requiring treatment. The index episode must be at least 14 days of persistent symptoms. If first episode, patients must not have been previously treated. If recurrent, must not be receiving treatment for the recurrence.
  • Females and males 20-65 years of age
  • Female patients of childbearing potential must be using a reliable method of contraception and have a negative urine human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) test at time of enrolment
  • Able to understand and comply with the requirements of the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Females who are pregnant, lactating, breast feeding or on oral contraceptives
  • Any DSM-IV Axis I disorder not defined in the inclusion criteria except MDD co-morbid with GAD
  • Patients who, in the opinion of the investigator, pose an imminent risk of suicide or a danger to self or others
  • Known intolerance or lack of response to quetiapine (Seroquel) as judged by the investigator
  • Use of any of the following cytochrome P450 3A4 inhibitors in the 14 days preceding enrolment including but not limited to: ketoconazole, itraconazole, fluconazole, erythromycin, clarithromycin, troleandomycin, indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, fluvoxamine and saquinavir
  • Use of any of the following cytochrome P450 inducers in the 14 days preceding enrolment including but not limited to: phenytoin, carbamazepine, barbiturates, rifampin, St. John's Wort, and glucocorticoids
  • Concomitant use of any other antidepressant, anxiolytic, or antipsychotic agent
  • Administration of a depot antipsychotic injection within one dosing interval (for the depot) before the study begins
  • Substance or alcohol dependence at enrolment (except dependence in full remission, and except for caffeine or nicotine dependence), as defined by DSM-IV criteria
  • History of heavy smoking within the preceding 6 months
  • Opiates, amphetamine, barbiturate, cocaine, cannabis, or hallucinogen abuse by DSM-IV criteria within 4 weeks prior to enrolment
  • Restrictions prior to blood drawings: Aspirin (previous 240 hours), antihistamines (previous 72 hours), Tylenol (previous 72 hours), Vitamin C or E (previous 72 hours), sleeping pills (previous 72 hours), caffeinated beverages (8 hours), physical exertion (8 hours) and tobacco products (2 hours).
  • Medical conditions that would affect absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of study treatment
  • Unstable or inadequately treated medical illness (e.g. diabetes, angina pectoris, hypertension) as judged by the investigator
  • Involvement in the planning and conduct of the study
  • Previous enrolment in the present study.
  • Participation in another drug trial within 4 weeks prior enrolment into this study or longer in accordance with local requirements
  • A patient with Diabetes Mellitus (DM) fulfilling one of the following criteria:

    • Unstable DM defined as enrolment glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) >8.5%.
    • Admitted to hospital for treatment of DM or DM related illness in past 12 weeks.
    • Not under physician care for DM
    • Physician responsible for patient's DM care has not indicated that patient's DM is controlled.
    • Physician responsible for patient's DM care has not approved patient's participation in the study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00951483

Locations
United States, Illinois
Loyola University Health System
Maywood, Illinois, United States, 60153
Sponsors and Collaborators
Loyola University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: John Piletz, PhD Loyola University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Loyola University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00951483     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 201880
Study First Received: July 31, 2009
Last Updated: October 29, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Loyola University:
Cardiovascular Biomarkers
Depression
Quetiapine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anxiety Disorders
Depression
Depressive Disorder
Mental Disorders
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Quetiapine
Antipsychotic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Psychotropic Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 20, 2014