StomaphyX Versus Sham for Revisional Surgery in Post-Roux-en-Y Patients to Reduce Regained Weight

This study has been terminated.
(Based on futility analysis, study would not meet primary endpoint.)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
EndoGastric Solutions
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00939055
First received: July 10, 2009
Last updated: May 28, 2014
Last verified: May 2014
  Purpose

The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RNYGB) is a weight loss surgery that involves the creation of a small gastric pouch and rearrangement of the small intestine. Although RNYGB has been demonstrated as an effective bariatric procedure, a significant number of patients experience weight regain that is often associated with distended gastric anatomy. Open and laparoscopic approaches for revision are associated with higher complication rates than de novo procedures. This study will evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a revisional incisionless natural orifice surgery of the gastric pouch and stoma in producing weight loss in post-RNYGB patients who have experienced weight regain.


Condition Intervention Phase
Obesity
Device: StomaphyX
Procedure: Sham procedure
Phase 2
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Controlled Trial of StomaphyX Versus Sham for Revisional Surgery in Post-Roux-en-Y Patients to Reduce Regained Weight

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by EndoGastric Solutions:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Weight Loss [ Time Frame: 12 month ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A clinically significant reduction in pre-RNYGB excess weight, defined by ≥15% EBL and BMI < 35.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Quality of Life [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Quality of life as assessed by the Impact of Weight on Quality of Life Questionnaire (IWQOL-Lite); a ≥ 10 total score improvement from baseline (screening) will represent a clinically significant improvement.


Enrollment: 112
Study Start Date: July 2009
Study Completion Date: June 2012
Primary Completion Date: June 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: StomaphyX
Post-Roux-en-Y revisional surgery using the StomaphyX device.
Device: StomaphyX
Transoral incisionless fastening device that allows for GI tissue approximation and creation of full-thickness (serosa-to-serosa) plications.
Other Name: transoral incisionless fastening device
Sham Comparator: Sham Procedure
No intervention
Procedure: Sham procedure
False procedure
Other Name: Placebo

Detailed Description:

The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RNYGB) is the most commonly performed bariatric procedure to treat morbid obesity 1. Numerous studies have documented the effectiveness of RNYGB in promoting excess weight loss (EWL) typically in the 65-80% range after 1.5 to 2 years 1. Despite the favorable short-term outcomes of this bariatric surgical procedure, approximately 10-40% of patients do not achieve successful long-term weight loss 2. The weight regain occurs typically within 2 to 7 years after RNYGB surgery and is associated primarily with dilation of the gastric pouch or stoma 3, 4. Several open and laparoscopic bariatric revision procedures have been used in an attempt to correct these dilations, but they all have been associated with serious complications such as perforations, obstruction, staple line disruption, blind loop syndrome, stoma ulcer, and incisional hernias 2, 5, 6. Because of this high rate of morbidity associated with revisional gastric bypass surgery, less invasive endoscopic procedures may become a preferred approach for weight regain after RNYGB 7, 8.

The StomaphyX delivery system with SerosaFuse fasteners consist of an ergonomic, flexible fastener delivery device and sterile polypropylene fastener implants. The unit is provided sterile and is a single use device. The polypropylene fasteners are proprietary and function only with the StomaphyX device. The device uses vacuum to invaginate tissue through a port into a chamber and fasten it using the H shaped polypropylene fasteners. The fastener delivery subsystem is comprised of 3 elements: stylet, pusher, and internal lumens. They run the length of the device, the pusher being a hollow tube that rides over the length of the stylet, both riding in the lumen. The stylet is sharp at the distal tip to pierce tissue. The fastener is loaded by snapping it onto the stylet in the loading port of the handle. When pushed by the operator, the stylet carries the fastener down the lumen which runs from the proximal handle assembly to the distal tissue port where it will eventually be deployed into the tissue. Durability of the SerosaFuse fasteners has been demonstrated during several clinical studies utilizing the EsophyX device 9-12.

Reason for Conducting the Present Study: The goal of this study was to investigate the safety and effectiveness of the StomaphyX device for revisional natural orifice surgery of the gastric pouch and gastrojejunostomy anastomosis (stoma) in RNYGB patients to reduce regained weight.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 64 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • At least 18 years of age and less than 65 years of age
  • BMI of at least 35 and no more than 40
  • At least 2 years post-RNYGB surgery
  • Initially achieved at least 60% EBL and a BMI 35 or less
  • Regained at least 20% of pre-RNYGB excess weight at screening
  • Stable weight or continued failure to lose weight for at least 3 months
  • Enlarged gastric pouch (≥ 30 ml)
  • Anatomy of upper GI judged suitable for revision using StomaphyX
  • Completed successful nutritional screening
  • Normal levels of vitamin D, iron/ferritin, calcium, and magnesium
  • Absence of protein malnutrition confirmed by serum albumin > 3 g/dL
  • Willing to cooperate with follow-up dietary recommendations and assessment tests
  • Signed Informed Consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous revisional bariatric surgery after RNYGB
  • Esophageal stricture or any anatomic condition that precludes passage of the StomaphyX device to the gastric pouch
  • Diabetes type I
  • Causal factors for weight regain other than gastric pouch enlargement
  • Serious complications experienced during and/or after RNYGB such as leaks, fistula, incisional hernia, ulcers, pulmonary embolism or deep venous thrombosis
  • Pregnancy or plans of pregnancy in the next 12 months
  • Immunosuppression
  • ASA > 3
  • Life expectancy less than one year
  • An eating disorder, as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Ed, Washington DC, American Psychiatric Association, 2000
  • Active substance abuse
  • Plans of smoking cessation in the next 12 months
  • Treatment with weight-loss prescription drug therapy within three months preceding the screening
  • Intention to use prescription drug therapy or the use of over-the-counter weight-loss preparations during the current study
  • Current participant in another weight-loss study or other clinical trial
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Presence of ulceration at the gastrojejunostomy anastomosis
  • Portal hypertension
  • Coagulation disorders or chronic use of anticoagulants
  • Any active medical condition that would preclude the patient from completing the study or would result in an unreasonable risk to the patient
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00939055

Locations
United States, Ohio
The Ohio State University Medical Center
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
Sponsors and Collaborators
EndoGastric Solutions
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Anita P. Courcoulas, MD MPH FACS University of Pittsburgh
  More Information

No publications provided by EndoGastric Solutions

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: EndoGastric Solutions
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00939055     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: D00764
Study First Received: July 10, 2009
Results First Received: March 24, 2014
Last Updated: May 28, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Obesity
Overnutrition
Nutrition Disorders
Overweight
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 31, 2014