Artemisone for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Falciparum Malaria in Western Cambodia (AMOS)

This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment.
(Did not get approval)
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Mahidol University
Medicines for Malaria Venture
Information provided by:
University of Oxford
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00936767
First received: July 9, 2009
Last updated: October 8, 2010
Last verified: October 2010
  Purpose

It has now been demonstrated clearly that in Western Cambodia parasitological responses to artesunate and artemether containing treatment regimens for uncomplicated falciparum malaria are slower than elsewhere in the world. Median parasite clearance time (PCT) in patients treated with artesunate 4 mg/kg/day was 78 hours and with 2 mg/kg/day 82 hours, compared to 54 and 48 hours, respectively, in Western Thailand; at 72hours peripheral blood parasitaemia was still detectable in 55% of patients in Western Cambodia, compared to 7.5% in Western Thailand. Although occasional poor responses to artesunate have been described previously the current reports suggest a consistent problem. These antimalarials are central to current treatment strategies, and so spread of parasites with reduced artemisinin susceptibility outside this area would be a disaster. A recent consensus meeting Pnomh Penh agreed that this should indeed be termed resistance, and represented a major threat to malaria control. Radical containment measures would be needed. This study aims to address whether a semi-synthetic or fully synthetic peroxide antimalarial would be more effective than artesunate and could therefore be used in Cambodia as part of the elimination strategy. Artemisone is a semisynthetic derivative of dihydroartemisinin, which importantly changes its tertiary structure. This drug has also shown promising efficacy for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in phase II trials in Thailand and seems to be at least as efficacious as artesunate. No significant toxicity has been reported for artemisone and it is very well tolerated. If sensitivity for artemisone has remained intact in Western Cambodia, this will have important implications for the strategies available for containment of the threatening problem of artesunate resistance in Western Cambodia. It will also have important implications for further development of these drugs for the use in artemisinin combination therapies (ACTs).


Condition Intervention Phase
Uncomplicated Falciparum Malaria
Drug: Artemisone/Mefloquine (AmiM3)
Drug: Artesunate
Phase 2
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Artemisone for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Falciparum Malaria in Western

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Oxford:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Presence of light microscopic assessed peripheral blood parasitaemia at 72 hours after start of antimalarial treatment. [ Time Frame: 72 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Parasite clearance times (PCT, slope of the log clearance curve, PRR24, PRR48, PC50, PC90) [ Time Frame: Variable ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Cure rate defined as clearance of asexual parasites without recrudescence within a 28 and 63-day period. [ Time Frame: 63 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number of adverse events [ Time Frame: 9 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Fever clearance time [ Time Frame: Variable ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • In-vitro sensitivity to antimalarial drugs of P. falciparum from study patients [ Time Frame: Day 0 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Molecular determinants of antimalarial drug resistance. [ Time Frame: Day 0 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Pharmacokinetic parameters [ Time Frame: Day 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Hematocrit levels [ Time Frame: Day 63 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Gametocyte clearance [ Time Frame: Variable ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 75
Study Start Date: October 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Artemisone/Mefloquine (AmiM3)
Artemisone 4 mg/kg/day for 3 days plus mefloquine 15mg/kg on day 3 and 10mg/kg on day 4
Drug: Artemisone/Mefloquine (AmiM3)
Artemisone 4 mg/kg/day for 3 days plus mefloquine 15mg/kg on day 3 and 10mg/kg on day 4
Other Name: Not available
Active Comparator: Artesunate/Mefloquine (MAS3)
Artesunate 4mg/kg/day for 3 days plus mefloquine 15mg/kg on day 3 and 10mg/kg on day 4
Drug: Artesunate
Artesunate 4mg/kg/day for 3 days plus mefloquine 15mg/kg on day 3 and 10mg/kg on day 4
Other Name: Not available

Detailed Description:

This is a small detailed randomised open-label clinical trial comparing the efficacy of oral artemisone with oral artesunate in the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Western Cambodia. A detailed pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic evaluation and in vitro sensitivity for the study drugs will be part of the assessments. The overall design and proposed conduct is very similar to the recently completed studies of high dose artesunate.Fever patients in the villages surrounding Pailin (or equivalent study site) in Western Cambodia will be screened with a PfHRP2-based malaria rapid test (Paracheck) by the village malaria workers. In case of a positive test result, the patient will be transported by the study team to the hospital, full consent (as described above) and enrolment procedures will be conducted. It will be made clear from the outset that refusal to participate will in no way jeopardize subsequent antimalarial treatment.Eligibility can only be confirmed by a medically qualified investigator. Subjects who fulfil all the inclusion criteria and have none of the exclusion criteria will be randomised to one of the three treatment arms according to the randomisation schedule. Subject numbers will be will be assigned when the subject is enrolled after screening and prior to randomisation.Patients will be randomized in blocks of 15 to receive either artemisone 4 mg/kg/day for 3 days plus mefloquine 15mg/kg on day 3 and 10mg/kg on day 4 (N=50) or artesunate 4mg/kg/day for 3 days plus mefloquine 15mg/kg on day 3 and 10mg/kg on day 4 (N=25.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥ 16 years
  • Full written informed consent is obtained
  • Willingness and ability to comply with the study protocol for the duration of the trial including agreement to 5 days hospitalisation.
  • History of fever or presence of fever (tympanic or axillary temperature at >37.5 °C).
  • Peripheral blood P.falciparum parasitaemia between 10,000/uL and 200,000/uL. (Mixed malaria infection included)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known hypersensitivity to the study drugs.
  • Any antimalarial drug treatment in the 48 hours prior to enrolment.
  • Clinical and/or laboratory features of severe malaria (as defined by WHO).
  • Gastrointestinal dysfunction that could alter absorption or motility (i.e. active peptic ulcer, inflammatory bowel disease, malabsorption syndromes, intestinal sub-occlusion or previous major gastrointestinal surgery).
  • Presence of intercurrent illness or any condition which in the judgement of the investigator would place the subject at undue risk or interfere with the results of the study.
  • Splenectomy.
  • Pregnant or lactating women. Serum test for β-HCG to be performed on any woman of child bearing age unless menstruating.
  • Taking any contraindicated medicines (as listed in the most up to date product information)
  • Participation in a clinical study within the previous 12 weeks
  • Any other condition in the opinion of the investigator makes the patient unsuitable to be a subject
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00936767

Locations
Cambodia
Pailin Hospital
Pailin, Cambodia
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Oxford
Mahidol University
Medicines for Malaria Venture
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Duong Socheat, MD Cambodia National Malaria Control Programme
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Dr. Arjen Dondorp, University of Oxford
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00936767     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: BAKMAL0901
Study First Received: July 9, 2009
Last Updated: October 8, 2010
Health Authority: Cambodia: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by University of Oxford:
falciparum malaria
artemisone
artesunate
resistance

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Malaria
Malaria, Falciparum
Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases
Mefloquine
Artesunate
Antimalarials
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Amebicides

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014