Sleep and Endometrial Cancer
This study proposes to test the hypothesis that zolpidem taken the night before major surgery for endometrial cancer will improve sleep efficiency and reduce post surgery pain, as well as reduce the need for analgesic medication.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
|Official Title:||Surgery for Endometrial Cancer: Biobehavioral Analysis of Sleep, Stress and Pain|
- Brief Pain Inventory (Short-form) [ Time Frame: at the clinical follow-up appointment approximately 7-10 days after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Pain intensity and pain interference subscales from the Brief Pain Inventory (Short-form) (BPI) will be used to measure pain over the interval following surgery. Both subscales have a range of 0-10 with higher scores indicating worse outcomes (more intense pain and more pain interference).
- Pain Severity Visual Analogue Scale [ Time Frame: each of the days following surgery until the clinical follow-up appointment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Pain severity will be assessed daily following surgery with a visual analogue scale (VAS) completed by participants each night before they go to bed (daily diary PM). VAS pain severity yields a score of 0 to 100, with 100 indicating pain "as bad as it could be."
- Daily Analgesic Medication Consumption (Morphine Equivalency) [ Time Frame: daily from the day of surgery until the clinical follow-up appointment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Analgesic medication consumption will be calculated (morphine equivalent daily dose (MEDD)) on a daily basis using data down loaded from the patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) pump supplemented by information from clinical charts and patient self report on the daily diary form. MEDD starts at zero and does not have an upper limit; higher daily doses indicate more analgesic medication consumption, and thus more pain.
|Study Start Date:||July 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||April 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Participants randomized to the zolpidem (intervention) group will receive the FDA approved dose of zolpidem, (10 mg for women <65; 5 mg for women > or = 65 years). For the purposes of this double-blind trial, zolpidem (e.g., Roxane Laboratories) pills will be placed without filler inside two-piece gelatin capsules (DBcaps, Capsugel) and packaged by the Investigational Drug Service (IDS) of the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute. During their presurgery visit (visit 1), participants will be provided with their capsule and instructed to take it by mouth immediately before bedtime the night before surgery.
Participants will receive the FDA approved dose of zolpidem, (10 mg for women <65; 5 mg for women = or > 65 years) during their presurgery visit and will be instructed to take the single capsule by mouth immediately before bedtime the night before surgery.
Other Name: Ambien
Placebo Comparator: sugar pill
Participants randomized to the sugar pill (control) group will receive placebo. For the purposes of this double-blind trial, placebo (sugar) pills will be placed without filler inside two-piece gelatin capsules (DBcaps, Capsugel) and packaged by the Investigational Drug Service (IDS) of the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute. During their presurgery visit (visit 1), participants will be provided with their capsule and instructed to take it by mouth immediately before bedtime the night before surgery.
Drug: sugar pill
Participants will receive placebo (sugar) pills during their presurgery visit and will be instructed to take the single capsule by mouth immediately before bedtime the night before surgery.
Other Name: placebo
Despite continuing improvements in surgical procedures and ancillary care, post surgery pain continues to be a nearly universal patient experience following major operative procedures. Opioids provide considerable pain relief, but they have multiple adverse side effects and are not entirely effective. For cancer patients, uncontrolled postoperative pain can have a substantial negative effect on quality of life, can slow recovery, increase the likelihood of complications, and contribute to poorer postoperative outcomes. The identification of novel modifiable patient risk factors for post surgery pain that could become the target of presurgery interventions is thus an important goal. We will conduct a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind intervention trial design to evaluate the effects of an FDA approved hypnotic (zolpidem) on post surgery pain. Since presurgery psychological factors (e.g., heightened anxiety) are known to predict the severity of post surgical pain and may be associated with poor sleep, we will also assess psychological factors (with questionnaires) as well as sleep (using actigraphy) in order to determine their individual and combined impact on women's experiences of post surgery pain in this stressful clinical context. Aim 1: To determine the impact of zolpidem administered the night prior to endometrial cancer surgery on women's experiences of pain over the initial 7-10 day follow-up period after surgery using a double-blind placebo-controlled design (final n=128). Aim 2: To investigate psychological factors on the morning before surgery, as well as objective sleep variables on the night before surgery, as possible mediators of the beneficial effects of zolpidem on post surgery pain. Aim 3: To examine psychological factors, as well as sleep variables, assessed prior to the sleep intervention as possible moderators of the ameliorative effects of zolpidem on post surgery pain. The results of the proposed exploratory study would provide the preliminary data necessary for an R01 application to support more comprehensive investigations, including explorations of biological mechanisms underlying the preventative effects of better presurgery sleep on patients' experiences of post surgery pain.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00936598
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15219|
|Magee-Womens Hospital of UPMC|
|Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213|
|Principal Investigator:||Dana H Bovbjerg, PhD||University of Pittsburgh|