NIH Substudy for a Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Group Proof-of-Concept Study to Assess the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of Two Single IV Infusions of AIN457 10 mg/kg (Anti IL-17 Monoclonal Antibody) in Pts...

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00936585
First received: July 9, 2009
Last updated: February 12, 2011
Last verified: February 2011
  Purpose

Purpose:

  • Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease with major symptoms such as diarrhea and abdominal pain when the disease is in an active stage.
  • AIN457 is a protein developed by NOVARTIS that is used to stop the action of Interleukin-17 (IL-17), a protein made by the body that contributes to many different kinds of inflammatory diseases, including Crohn's disease. AIN457 is being developed for the potential treatment of various inflammatory diseases like rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis, but has not been tested for suitability in people with Crohn's disease.

Objectives:

  • The main objective of the multicenter study (sponsored by NOVARTIS) is to determine whether AIN457 is safe and effective in the treatment of Crohn's disease, and if effective, how long the effect will remain.
  • The main objective of the NIH substudy is to obtain additional blood and gut biopsy tissue for monitoring biochemical changes in immune variables in response to study drug or placebo.

Eligibility:

- Important eligibility criteria to consider for patients to be enrolled in the AIN457 trial include:

Inclusion criteria:

  • Male or female; 18-75 years old
  • Diagnosis of Crohn's disease for at least 3 months prior to screening
  • Moderate to severe active Crohn's disease at baseline, defined as: CDAI greater than or equal to 220 and less than or equal to 450
  • Active disease despite prior treatment with stable dose of corticosteroids for 2 weeks, or immunosuppressant for at least 3 months (e.g. methotrexate, azathioprine).

Exclusion criteria:

  • Subjects with symptoms associated with active bowel stricturing disease and pre-stenotic dilation on radiography.
  • Fistulizing disease if complicated by sepsis and/or untreated abscess.
  • Subjects with multiple bowel surgeries and clinically important short bowel syndrome defined as an inability to maintain caloric intake.
  • Prior therapy with rituximab.
  • Receiving corticosteroids dose equivalent to a > 40mg dose of prednisone per day.
  • Subjects demonstrating clinical improvement due to other Crohn's therapy.
  • Subjects with active or history of clinically significant cardiac abnormalities.

Design:

  • The multicenter study plans to enroll seventy-two (72) subjects with moderate to severe active Crohn's disease that is not controlled by corticosteroids, immunosuppressant (e.g. methotrexate or purine metabolites) or anti-inflammatory treatment (e.g. 5-ASA). At baseline visit, if the eligibility of the subject is confirmed, the subject will be randomized (2:1 ratio) to receive either AIN457 or placebo administered as a 2 hours intravenous infusion. A total of two infusions will be given on day 1 and day 22 respectively.
  • After infusions there will be a follow-up period of up to 18 weeks.
  • For the NIH substudy, additional blood will be drawn and a colonoscopy will be performed before the first infusion and after the second infusion.
  • Once this study is completed, an extension study will be conducted that will offer access to AIN457. Patients who complete the current study may be eligible to enter the extension study and receive therapy with AIN457.

Condition Intervention Phase
Colitis
Crohn's Disease
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Drug: 100,838 AIN 457
Drug: Anti-IL 17 Monoclonal Antibody
Procedure: Colonoscopy
Procedure: Infusion
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, R-D/B-P/C, Parallel-Group Proof-of-Concept Study to Assess the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of Two Single IV Infusions of AIN457 10 mg/kg (Anti IL-17 Monoclonal Antibody) in Patients With Moderate to Severe Active Crohn's Dx

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Efficacy of AIN 457 on mean Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI) at 6 weeks [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of subjects achieving remission, maintenance of remission/response, pharmacokinetics of AIN 457 [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 2
Study Start Date: July 2009
Study Completion Date: February 2011
Primary Completion Date: February 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: 100,838 AIN 457
    N/A
    Drug: Anti-IL 17 Monoclonal Antibody
    N/A
    Procedure: Colonoscopy
    N/A
    Procedure: Infusion
    N/A
Detailed Description:

The objective of this NIH-specific substudy is immunological monitoring of cytokine and immune cell responses in subjects undergoing treatment with AIN457 (human monoclonal anti-human interleukin-17A) for moderate to severe Crohn's disease. Recent data suggests that interleukin-17 (IL-17) is an important mediator of inflammation in certain animal models of Crohn's disease, and treatment aimed at blocking the IL-23-IL-17 axis can ameliorate the inflammatory changes. In addition, elevated expression of IL-l7 has been found in the gut tissue of patients with active Crohn's disease. This substudy will measure changes in cytokine production, relevant RNA expression, and immune cell populations (in the periphery and lamina propria) for correlation with clinical outcomes in order to explore the mechanisms of therapeutic response.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

    1. Male or female; 18-75 years old
    2. All female subjects must have negative pregnancy test results at screening and baseline. Women of childbearing potential (WoCBP) must be using simultaneously double-barrier or two acceptable methods of contraception, (e.g., intra-uterine device plus condom, spermicidal gel plus condom, diaphragm plus condom, etc. Hormone replacement as either oral or implantable is acceptable as one form), from the time of screening and for the duration of the study, through study completion and for 4 months following study completion.

      Periodic abstinence (e.g. calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.

      Postmenopausal females must have had no regular menstrual bleeding for at least two (2) years prior to initial dosing. Menopause will be confirmed by a serum FSH level of > 40 IU/L at screening. Pregnancy test will be required only at screening.

      Female subjects who report surgical sterilization must have had the procedure at least six (6) months prior to initial dosing. Surgical sterilization procedures should be supported with clinical documentation made available to the sponsor and noted in the Relevant Medical History/Current Medical Conditions section of the CRF.

      If female subjects have male partners who have undergone vasectomy, the vasectomy must have occurred more than six (6) months prior to first dosing.

    3. Male subjects willing to use simultaneously two acceptable methods of contraception (e.g. spermicidal gel plus condom) for entire duration of the study, up to the study completion visit and at least for 6 months following the completion of the study.

      Periodic abstinence and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.

    4. Diagnosis of Crohn's disease for at least 3 months prior to screening
    5. Confirmation of Crohn's disease by endoscopic or imaging examination
    6. Moderate to severe active Crohn's disease at baseline, defined as:

      --CDAI greater than or equal to 220 and less than or equal to 450

    7. Patients with active disease despite prior treatment with corticosteroids for at least 2 weeks, or immunosuppressants for at least 3 months.

      • Patients who are being treated with azathioprine, 6-MP or MTX are eligible but must have been on a stable dose for at least 10 weeks prior to baseline.
      • Patients treated with corticosteroids are eligible but must have been on stable doses of prednisolone not exceeding 40 mg for two weeks prior to baseline.
      • Patients who are being treated with immunosuppressants other than those listed above, such as cyclosporine, tacrolimus and mycophenolate, are not eligible. These subjects will be required to stop immunosuppressants prior to baseline. These patients are eligible after observing a wash out period as specified in Exclusion criterion #7.
    8. Absence of clinically relevant abnormalities for screening laboratory test results
    9. Able to communicate well with the investigator, and to understand and comply with the requirements of the study.
    10. Understand and sign the written informed consent.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Subjects meeting any of the following criteria will be excluded from entry into or continuation in the study, unless sponsor approval is obtained:

  1. Body Mass Index is greater than 34.
  2. Positive Purified Protein Derivative (PPD) tuberculin skin test of greater than or equal to 5 mm at screening or 6 months prior to screening. A positive PPD test will be defined using the [MMWR 2000 guidance], summarized as criteria for tuberculin positivity by risk group.

    • A PPD test should not be done in subjects who had a tuberculosis vaccination in the past. These subjects will be eligible to participate if, according to local guidelines, latent tuberculosis can be excluded.
    • For those study sites using QuantiFeron test a positive test at screening will exclude the subject from the participation in the study.
    • If the result for either PPD or QuantiFeron test is indeterminate, the subject will be excluded.
  3. Subjects with symptoms associated with active bowel stricturing disease and pre-stenotic dilation on radiographs.
  4. Fistulizing disease if complicated by sepsis and/or untreated abscess.
  5. Subjects with multiple bowel surgeries and clinically important short bowel syndrome defined as an inability to maintain caloric intake.
  6. a. Concomitant treatment with anti-TNF-alpha therapy (or other biological therapy) and systemic immunosuppressive agents such as cyclosporine, mycophenolate, pimecrolimus, or tacrolimus, except azathioprine, its metabolite 6-MP and MTX.

    The following washout period will be required for subjects to be eligible to participate in the trial.

    • Three (3) months washout prior to baseline for certolizumab
    • Two (2) months washout prior to baseline for adalimumab, etanercept and infliximab
    • One (1) month washout prior to baseline for cyclosporine, mycophenolate, pimecrolimus, tacrolimus, and any other systemic immunosuppressants not listed under exclusion criterion # 7b

      6b. Patients who are being treated with azathioprine, 6-MP or MTX are eligible but must have been on a stable dose for at least 10 weeks prior to baseline and throughout the whole study period.

  7. Prior therapy with rituximab.
  8. Receiving corticosteroid dose equivalent to a greater than 40mg dose of prednisone per day.
  9. Subjects demonstrating clinical improvement due to other Crohn's therapy.
  10. Current signs or symptoms of severe, progressive, or uncontrolled renal, hepatic, hematological, gastrointestinal, endocrine, pulmonary, cardiac, neurologic, cerebral, psychiatric, or other disease which would make the subject unsuitable for the trial.
  11. Subjects with active or history of clinically significant cardiac abnormalities, for example:

    • Requiring drugs with QT-prolonging properties (e.g. antiarrhythmic drugs, such as amiodarone, sotalol, dofetilide, quinidine, procainamide, disopyramide).
    • QTc greater than 450msec long QT-syndrome (own or with a family history) or with a family history of sudden unexplained death.
    • Left branch bundle block (LBBB), or subjects who have been hospitalized for heart failure of cardiac etiology, in the previous 6 months, and subjects who have significant and persistent left-ventricular dysfunction (LVEF less than 40%).
    • History of in the preceding 3 months, significant and persistent arrhythmias such as ventricular fibrillation or tachycardia, or atrial fibrillation or flutter.
    • Symptomatic coronary artery disease.
    • Presence of severe cardiac disease (New York Heart Association Classification greater than or equal to III) and/or abnormal ECG, considered by the investigator to be unsafe for the study.
  12. Liver disease or liver injury as indicated by abnormal liver function tests such as SGOT (AST), SGPT (ALT), gamma-GGT, alkaline phosphatase, or serum bilirubin. The Investigator should be guided by the following criteria:

    • Any single parameter may not exceed 2 times the upper limit of normal (ULN). A single parameter elevated up to and including 2 times the ULN should be re-checked once more as soon as possible, and in all cases, at least prior to enrollment/randomization, to rule out lab error.
    • If the total bilirubin concentration is increased above 2 times the ULN, total bilirubin should be differentiated into the direct and indirect reacting bilirubin. In any case, serum bilirubin should not exceed the value of 1.6 mg/dL (27 micromol/L).

    Re-check results must be within normal limits (or returning to within normal limits) in order for subject to qualify.

  13. Total WBC count which falls outside the range of 4500-13,000/microL, or platelets less than 100,000/microL at screening.
  14. History of severe hypersensitivity to any biological agents (antibody or soluble receptor), including serious allergic reaction (hypotension, wheezing, urticaria), lupus-like syndrome or demyelinating disease.
  15. Donation or loss of 400 mL or more of blood within 8 weeks prior to dosing or longer if required by local regulation.
  16. Administration of live vaccines within 6-month prior to dosing.
  17. History of immunodeficiency diseases, including a positive HIV (ELISA and Western blot) test result.
  18. A positive Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or Hepatitis C test result.
  19. Significant illness within the two weeks prior to dosing or any active systemic infection or medical condition that may require treatment or therapeutic intervention during the study.
  20. Subjects with:

    • History or presence of impaired renal function as indicated by clinically significantly abnormal creatinine greater than 1.3 mg/dL or blood urea nitrogen (BUN) greater than 30 mg/dL, or the presence of greater than +1 albumin on the urinary dipstick.
    • Presence of proteinuria, active sediments, casts or WBCs in urine.
    • Evidence of urinary obstruction or difficulty in voiding at screening.
    • History of renal trauma, glomerulonephritis, or subject with one kidney.
  21. History of malignancy (other than basal cell carcinoma or adequately treated carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix).
  22. Unable or unwilling to undergo multiple venipunctures because of poor tolerability or lack of easy access to veins.
  23. Conditions associated with an immune-compromised condition such as recent surgical procedure; or history of drug or alcohol abuse within the 12 months prior to dosing. Subjects who are unable to discontinue analgesic medications containing opiates and opioids, as well as cannabinoids for medical use.
  24. Participation in any clinical investigation within four (4) weeks prior to initial dosing or five half-lives of the investigational agent, whichever is longer, and for any other limitation of participation based on local regulations.

NIH EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Platelet count less than 100,000 mm(3)
  2. Prothrombin Time International Normalized ration (PT INR) greater than 1.3 or Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT) 3 sec than control
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00936585

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Warren Strober, M.D./National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00936585     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 090175, 09-I-0175
Study First Received: July 9, 2009
Last Updated: February 12, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Crohn's Disease
Infusion
Anti IL-17 Monoclonal Antibody
Placebo
Crohn Disease
Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colitis
Crohn Disease
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Gastroenteritis
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Antibodies
Immunoglobulins
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 22, 2014