Effect of Fish Oil (Omega-3 Fatty Acids) on Arteries

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
GlaxoSmithKline
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Carlin Long, Denver Health and Hospital Authority
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00935766
First received: July 8, 2009
Last updated: August 3, 2012
Last verified: August 2012
  Purpose

The overall objective of LUCHAR Specific Aims 4.1 and 4.2 is to assess the additional contribution of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk markers to traditional biomedical risk factors in the prediction of pre-clinical CVD. Specific Aim 4.3 will test the impact of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on risk markers and pre-clinical markers of CVD in Hispanic patients.

Specific Aim 4.3: Conduct a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of the effect of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on vascular function as measured by brachial artery reactivity (BAR) and on circulating inflammatory markers.

Hypotheses:

  1. Daily omega-3 fatty acid supplementation will improve vascular function in subjects at high risk for CVD.
  2. Daily omega-3 fatty acid supplementation will reduce inflammatory protein panel scores in subjects at high risk for CVD.

Condition Intervention Phase
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Heart Disease
Vascular Diseases
Diabetes
Cardiovascular Disease
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Hypertension
Drug: omega-3 acid ethyl esters
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Latinos Using Cardio Health Actions to Reduce Risk (LUCHAR): Effect of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Vascular Function and Inflammation

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Denver Health and Hospital Authority:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Pulse Wave Velocity in active vs. placebo-treated patients. [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Differences in Blood Pressure, non-HDL Cholesterol, TC/HDL rartio, and HDL Cholesterol(CIMT), Inflammatory panel score, blood pressure, non-HDL cholesterol, and HDL cholesterol. [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 172
Study Start Date: September 2009
Study Completion Date: March 2012
Primary Completion Date: March 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Sugar Pill
4 tabs of placebo dependent on randomization
Drug: omega-3 acid ethyl esters
Subjects meeting eligibility criteria will be randomized to receive a supply of omega-3-acid ethyl esters or placebo, and instructed to take 4 capsules daily. A 3-month supply of study drug will be given following randomization and at 3, 6, and 9 months. Subjects will be asked to bring unused supplies to each quarterly visit for ascertainment of adherence.
Other Name: Lovaza

Detailed Description:

Omega-3 fatty acids reduce triglycerides (TG) in a manner similar to fibric acids by lowering hepatic TG release, reducing VLDL production, stimulating lipoprotein lipase and enhancing TG clearance. Although statins are widely utilized among DH patients, our overall population, even those with CHD, have fairly low levels of LDL-cholesterol (Krantz et al, 2004). This likely reflects our population that is predominantly Latino with a high incidence of metabolic syndrome. Among our patients, we often achieve LDL-c NCEP targets, yet secondary goals for non-HDL, HDL, and TG are rarely achieved. This is an unmet opportunity given the strong independent contribution of non-HDL (McQueen et al, 2008), HDL (D'Agostino et al, 2008) and TG (Nordestgaard et al, 2007, Tirosh et al, 2007) to CHD risk, which may be particularly important in Latino populations.

The study drug (LOVAZA) improves the TC/HDL ratio which is the strongest predictor of CHD events based on the ~30,000 patient Interheart study noted above. LOVAZA has no hepatic P450 effects and for that matter no meaningful clinical adverse effects, making it advantageous for use in a population with multiple co-morbidities who are at risk for drug-drug interactions and have difficulty with medication adherence. Given the high incidence of insulin resistance among DH's predominately Latino CHD population, and strong lipid (Harris et al, 1997; Davidson et al 2007) as well outcome data in CHD (GISSI investigators, 1999) this agent has potential clinical utility in our population.

To date, improved outcomes in non-CHD populations have not been demonstrated prospectively with LOVAZA. Although recent data suggest promising effects on inflammatory makers such as LpPLA2, the impact of LOVAZA on pre-clinical markers of atherosclerosis such as BAR and CIMT have not been well characterized particularly among Latinos. Moreover, changes in inflammatory markers have been limited and more expansive evaluations are currently available. Against this background we assessed whether LOVAZA might improve atherosclerotic risk via improvement in flow mediated dilation of the brachial artery as well as through reduction in a comprehensive inflammatory marker panel.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of HTN
  • Hispanic or Non-Hispanic White
  • Age > 18
  • One additional CVD risk factor

    • Age > 55 for males or >65 for females
    • DM
    • Dyslipidemia O TC >220 or O LDL >130 or O on statin therapy
    • Current smoker
    • Chronic kidney disease defined as GFR <60 ml/min/1.72m2
    • BMI > 30 kg/m2
    • Positive microalbuminuria -Able to sign consent form and willing to complete 12-month follow- up period.

Exclusion criteria used for SA3/4 will also apply for Aim 4.3. These include factors rendering assessment of endothelial function unreliable, such as:

  • Clinically manifest CVD (including angina, myocardial infarction, surgical or percutaneous coronary revascularization, stroke, cerebrovascular revascularization, peripheral vascular disease, heart failure, or valvular heart disease
  • Electrocardiographic evidence of prior myocardial infarction
  • Known valvular heart disease of at least moderate severity
  • Known left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVEF < 0.50)
  • End-stage renal disease
  • History of inflammatory disease or vasculitis (including rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosis, Raynaud phenomenon, or other connective tissue disease/vasculitides)
  • Corticosteroid therapy
  • Active substance abuse
  • Projected life-expectancy <12 months due to comorbid condition
  • Plans to move away from the Denver area within 12 months
  • Previous trauma or surgery of the brachial artery
  • Upper arm circumference exceeding 42 cm.

Additional exclusion criteria for participation in Aim 4.3 include:

  • Pregnancy or breast-feeding
  • Known sensitivity or allergy to fish
  • Known sensitivity or allergy to omega-3 fatty acid supplements
  • Taking omega-3 fatty acid supplements in the last 2 weeks- may participate after 2 week washout
  • Triglycerides > 500 mg/dL.
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels above 3x upper limit of normal
  • Not a good candidate for participation based on the opinion of the investigators.
  • Current therapy with a fibric acid derivative
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00935766

Locations
United States, Colorado
Denver Health and Hospital Authority
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80204
Sponsors and Collaborators
Denver Health and Hospital Authority
GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Carlin Long, Cardiologist, Denver Health and Hospital Authority
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00935766     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 08-0722 LUCHAR AIM 4
Study First Received: July 8, 2009
Last Updated: August 3, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Denver Health and Hospital Authority:
Latinos Using Cardio Health Actions to Reduce Risk
Omega three Fatty Acids
Vascular Function and Inflammation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Heart Diseases
Hypertension
Inflammation
Metabolic Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Pathologic Processes

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 28, 2014