Sunitinib Malate and Exemestane in Treating Postmenopausal Women With Breast Cancer

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified July 2009 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00931450
First received: July 1, 2009
Last updated: August 9, 2013
Last verified: July 2009
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Sunitinib malate and exemestane may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving sunitinib malate and exemestane before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of sunitinib malate to see how well it works when given together with exemestane in treating postmenopausal women with breast cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Drug: exemestane
Drug: sunitinib malate
Other: placebo
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pilot / Phase II Randomised, Double Blind, Placebo Controlled Multicenter Study With Biomarker Evaluation of Neoadjuvant Exemestane in Combination With Sunitinib in Post-menopausal Women With Hormone- Sensitive, Her-2 Negative Primary Breast Cancer.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Recommended dose of sunitinib malate that can be combined with exemestane [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Objective clinical response (complete or partial response) according to WHO criteria [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety and feasibility of the combination of sunitinib malate and exemestane [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Safety profile [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Rate of breast-conserving surgery [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of pathological complete response in the breast and axillary lymph nodes [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Grade of inhibition of phosphorylation of VEGFR-2, PDGF, and c-KIT receptor tyrosine kinases [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Genetic profile, based on the analysis of CYP19A1 polymorphisms, able to predict response to neoadjuvant exemestane [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Molecular biomarkers predictive of response [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 70
Study Start Date: March 2009
Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Group 1
Patients receive oral exemestane and oral placebo once daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: exemestane
Given orally
Other: placebo
Given orally
Experimental: Group 2
Patients receive oral exemestane once daily and oral sunitinib malate once daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: exemestane
Given orally
Drug: sunitinib malate
Given orally

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Determine the safe dose level of sunitinib malate that can be combined with exemestane (pilot phase I).
  • Evaluate the clinical response of neoadjuvant therapy comprising exemestane and sunitinib malate in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive and HER-2 negative primary breast cancer (phase II).

Secondary

  • Evaluate the safety and feasibility of this regimen in these patients.
  • Evaluate the percentage of patients undergoing breast-conserving surgery after completion of study therapy.
  • Determine the safety profile of this regimen in these patients.
  • Determine the rate of complete pathological response in the breast and axillary lymph nodes at the time of surgery.
  • Determine the extent of treatment-related inhibition of phosphorylation of VEGFR-2, PDGF, and c-KIT receptor tyrosine kinases.
  • Find a genetic profile, based on the analysis of CYP19A1 polymorphisms, able to predict response to exemestane in neoadjuvant setting.
  • Conduct exploratory investigation of biomarkers expression before and during therapy in order to identify molecular characteristics of responding tumors.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, dose-escalation study of sunitinib malate followed by a phase II study.

  • Phase I pilot: Patients receive oral sunitinib malate and oral exemestane once daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Phase II: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment groups:

    • Group 1: Patients receive oral exemestane and oral placebo once daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    • Group 2: Patients receive oral exemestane once daily and oral sunitinib malate once daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

At 7-15 days after completion of study therapy, patients undergo definitive surgery.

Blood and tissue samples are collected at baseline and periodically during study to examine inhibition of phosphorylation of VEGFR-2, PDGF, and c-KIT receptor tyrosine kinases; CYP19A1 polymorphisms; and biomarkers analysis by cDNA microarrays, ELISA, and RT-PCR.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed invasive breast carcinoma meeting the following criteria:

    • Estrogen receptor-positive ≥ 50% or Allred score > 6
    • HER-2 negative defined as IHC < 2+ and negative FISH/CISH
    • Primary tumor measuring ≥ 3 cm if there is no node involvement
    • Any T if N1 or N2 disease

      • No inflammatory breast cancer (T4d)
    • No metastatic disease
  • Measurable disease by mammography and/or ultrasound and MRI (if available)

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Postmenopausal

    • Prior bilateral oophorectomy
    • ≥ 60 years of age
    • < 60 years of age AND have experienced amenorrhea for ≥ 12 months in the absence of chemotherapy, tamoxifen, or toremifene OR have undergone ovarian suppression and follicle-stimulating hormone and estradiol levels in the postmenopausal range
  • ECOG performance status 0-1
  • ANC ≥ 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL OR creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min
  • Bilirubin normal
  • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Albumin > 2.5. g/dL
  • No known HIV infection
  • Adequate left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at baseline defined as LVEF not below normal range by echocardiogram or MUGA
  • No evidence of prior uncontrolled hypertension

    • Patients with controlled hypertension (systolic < 150 mm Hg and/or diastolic < 90 mm Hg) by antihypertensive therapies allowed
  • No prior uncontrolled or symptomatic angina, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, clinically significant arrhythmias, or prolongation of the QTc interval
  • No hemorrhagic or thrombotic events, including transient ischemic attack, pulmonary embolism, or deep-vein thrombosis, within the past 12 months
  • No gross hemorrhage within the past 6 months (e.g., gastrointestinal bleeding, hemoptysis, or hematuria)
  • No history or evidence of an inherited bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy at risk of bleeding
  • None of the following:

    • Unable to swallow oral medications
    • Active inflammatory bowel disease
    • Partial or complete bowel obstruction
    • Chronic diarrhea
  • No history of another malignancy within the past 5 years except for cured non-melanoma skin cancer or successfully treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No psychiatric disease or social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements or patient unwilling or unable to comply with protocol for the duration of study
  • No unstable or severe intercurrent medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, might interfere with the achievement of study objectives
  • No known immediate or delayed hypersensitive reaction or idiosyncrasy to drugs chemically related to exemestane or sunitinib malate or their excipients

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior or other concurrent chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy, or hormonal therapy for primary invasive breast cancer
  • No concurrent anticoagulant therapy except for low-dose anticoagulants (i.e., low molecular weight heparin or aspirin) for the prevention of deep-vein thrombosis
  • No chronic therapy with corticosteroids, except for steroids administered by inhalation
  • More than 4 weeks since prior major surgery and ≥ 7 days since prior minor surgery
  • No prior or other concurrent investigational anticancer agent
  • No concurrent participation in another clinical trial
  • No concurrent drugs with potential proarrhythmic activity
  • No concurrent known CYP3A4 inhibitors (i.e., grapefruit, verapamil, ketoconazole, miconazole, itraconazole, erythromycin, clarithromycin, diltiazem, nefazodone, voriconazole, telithromycin, indinavir, saquinavir, ritonavir, nelfinavir, delavirdine)
  • No concurrent known CYP3A4 or CYP1A2 inducers (i.e., carbamazepine, dexamethasone, felbamate, omeprazole, efavirenz, tipranavir, phenobarbital, phenytoin, primidone, rifabutin, rifampicin, St. John's wort)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00931450

Locations
Spain
Institut Catala D'Oncologia Recruiting
l'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Spain, 08907
Contact: Sonia Pernas, MD    34-93-260-7744      
Sponsors and Collaborators
Institut Catala D'Oncologia
Investigators
Investigator: Sonia Pernas, MD Institut Catala D'Oncologia
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00931450     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ICO-SUT-EXE-08, CDR0000640330, PFIZER-ICO-SUT-EXE-08
Study First Received: July 1, 2009
Last Updated: August 9, 2013
Health Authority: Unspecified

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer
HER2-negative breast cancer
stage IA breast cancer
stage IB breast cancer
stage II breast cancer
stage IIIA breast cancer
stage IIIB breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Sunitinib
Exemestane
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Aromatase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 19, 2014