Innovative Strategies Which Improve the Clinical Handoff (I-SWITCH)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Henry Ford Health System
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00917072
First received: June 9, 2009
Last updated: NA
Last verified: June 2009
History: No changes posted
  Purpose

Study the feasibility of different educational modalities to improve resident handoff of patient information b) Determine whether different educational modalities (powerpoint vs. simulation workshop) lead to improved educational and (surrogate) clinical outcomes

  1. Educate residents on the content and process of quality handoffs (Medical Knowledge)
  2. Educate residents on good communication skills (Communication competency)
  3. Improve perceived continuity of patient care, decrease adverse events related to transfer of care. (Patient safety competency)
  4. Increase providers (night residents) satisfaction with the continuity of care during handoffs. (system-based practice/ Practice-based learning)

Condition Intervention
Healthy
Behavioral: Didactic
Behavioral: Didactic+Simulation
Behavioral: Control

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Official Title: Innovative Strategies Which Improve the Clinical Handoff (I-SWITCH) Phase II: Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating Educational Modalities Including Cognitive Simulation

Further study details as provided by Henry Ford Health System:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Critical missed events or 'surprises' overnight due to an inadequate or unclear handoff (errors/intern/night), as determined by nightfloat residents [ Time Frame: daily for 3 month study period ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • nightfloat residents' overall judgment on the handoff quality and observed verbal and written handoff performance by interns [ Time Frame: daily, over 3 month study period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • interns' knowledge and attitudes on their handoff performance [ Time Frame: pre-intervention, and 30 days post-intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 39
Study Start Date: September 2007
Study Completion Date: January 2008
Primary Completion Date: January 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Didactic
Group #1: will have a focused, interactive power point lecture on the background, content and guidelines for a good handoff (focus on a standardized electronic hand-off tool). They will have an exercise to complete
Behavioral: Didactic
Group #1: will have a focused, interactive power point lecture on the background, content and guidelines for a good handoff (focus on a standardized electronic hand-off tool). They will have an exercise to complete
Experimental: Didactic+Simulation
Group #2: will undergo the same power point lecture ( as in Group #1) with an additional intervention focused not only on the hand-off tool, but on a standardized hand-off process using an OSCE exercise (objective structured clinical exam). This group will be trained about the effective implementation of the hand-off tool. They will be taught how to standardize the hand-off process and will be given an opportunity to practice with their peers in the HFH simulation center.
Behavioral: Didactic+Simulation
Group #2: will undergo the same power point lecture ( as in Group #1) with an additional intervention focused not only on the hand-off tool, but on a standardized hand-off process using an OSCE exercise (objective structured clinical exam). This group will be trained about the effective implementation of the hand-off tool. They will be taught how to standardize the hand-off process and will be given an opportunity to practice with their peers in the HFH simulation center
Placebo Comparator: Control
The control group received no formal handoff training other than an introduction to handoffs for all interns during orientation at the start of the academic year along with expected ward based experiential training from senior residents throughout the intern year.
Behavioral: Control
The control group received no formal handoff training other than an introduction to handoffs for all interns during orientation at the start of the academic year along with expected ward based experiential training from senior residents throughout the intern year.

Detailed Description:

Randomize interns into three groups. The control group has been described above. Two more groups will randomized to one of two interventions: Intervention Group #1: will have a focused, interactive power point lecture on the background, content and guidelines for a good handoff (focus on a standardized electronic hand-off tool). They will have an exercise to complete. Intervention Group #2: will undergo the same power point lecture ( as in Group #1) with an additional intervention focused not only on the hand-off tool, but on a standardized hand-off process using an OSCE exercise (objective structured clinical exam). This group will be trained about the effective implementation of the hand-off tool. They will be taught how to standardize the hand-off process and will be given an opportunity to practice with their peers in the HFH simulation center. Up to 12 residents will be taken in pairs to practice written and verbal handoff skills in the simulation center under peer observation and by faculty (investigators, PI). Each intern will be given a simulated patient history and physical and any relevant information related to the patient's hospital course. The intern will be given five minutes to create a handoff. Each pair will go into a separate room that will be recorded and viewed by their peers and instructor. They will be observed giving a handoff and receiving a handoff. When they exit the room, they will provide feedback to one another regarding the quality of the handoff. Then the peers will give additional feedback. Each intern will go through the process of giving a handoff and the one accepting the handoff. After the simulation, they will complete a short survey on the intervention. At the completion of the educational interventions, throughout the year as part of regular intern evaluations, night residents will be asked on a weekly basis to evaluate the efficacy of intern handoffs. In addition, de-identified written handoffs will be evaluated by the investigators and scored for completeness and accuracy. The resident cross covering will be blinded to the intern group. They will evaluate the handoff process. During this process, content omission can be measured, as well as time taken to cross cover a patient.

All interns participating in the study will do a self-assessment of their handoff skills. Interns will then be randomized into one of three groups as described above and undergo the educational intervention (#1 or #2) or standard education (control). Educational interventions will be completed within 10 days of the start of the study (Specific Aims #1,2). Following the interventions interns will be assessed throughout the year using a standardized grading form that evaluates written and verbal handoff skills, and perceived effectiveness of handofffs and it pertains to patient care for interns on inpatient rotations that month (Specific Aim #3,4). This will be completed on a weekly basis by night residents (second and third year residents not involved in the study, and blinded to the intervention groups). Educational endpoints: perceived improvement in handoff skills by interns involved in the study over a 6 month period of time as compared among the intervention groups. (Surrogate) Clinical Endpoints: 1) Objective handoff skills evaluation of interns by more senior residents using a standardized grading form 2) Review of electronic handoff forms by investigators, forms by individual interns will be blinded to the investigators to reduce bias

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Inclusion: interns starting July 1st 2007 in the internal medicine program and including EM/IM residents starting in July 1st, 2007. All residents will participate as part of an ongoing quality improvement project in the internal medicine curriculum.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • None
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00917072

Locations
United States, Michigan
Henry Ford Hospital
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202
Sponsors and Collaborators
Henry Ford Health System
  More Information

Publications:
Han, Jenny; Lukowski, Anna; Watson, Peter. Innovative Strategies Which Improve the Clinical Handoff (I-SWITCH) Phase II: Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating Educational Modalities Including Cognitive Simulation. The Journal of Hospital Medicine. 2009;4(s1):26

Responsible Party: Peter Watson, MD; Divsion Head of Hospitialist Medicine, Henry Ford Health System
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00917072     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HFH-4694
Study First Received: June 9, 2009
Last Updated: June 9, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Henry Ford Health System:
Clinical Handoff
Medical Education
Simulation
Residency and Internship

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 29, 2014