Metabolic Acidosis in Renal Transplant Patients (MART)
Acidosis (accumulation of acid in the body) may be an underrecognized problem in patients after renal transplantation. It may have consequences on physical performance due to negative effects on bone and muscle metabolism.
Therefore, the purpose of this study is
- to determine the status of physical capacity and bone structure in renal transplant patients with metabolic acidosis
- to study the effect of substituting base equivalents (citrate) on acid/base status of renal transplant patients with acidosis
- to compare the status of physical capacity and bone structure in renal transplant patients with metabolic acidosis before and after substitution with citrate
Renal Transplant Patients
Drug: Potassium citrate
Drug: Potassium chloride
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Metabolic Acidosis and Its Impact on Mineral Metabolism and Physical Performance in Renal Transplant Patients|
- Correction of metabolic acidosis [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Improvement in physical capacity [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||December 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Postassium citrate
Aim: correction of metabolic acidosis
Drug: Potassium citrate
2.41 gram of citrate b.i.d. for 12 months. Dosage to be adjusted according to serum potassium concentration.
Active Comparator: Potassium chloride
Potassium chloride is given to compensate for any possible effects of potassium in potassium citrate (primary treatment).
Drug: Potassium chloride
370 mg potassium t.i.d. for 12 months. Dosage to be adjusted according to serum postassium concentration.
Chronic kidney disease is developing to become one of the major health problems in the Western world with more than one million patients on renal replacement therapy, and many more expected in the years ahead . Survival of patients with end stage renal disease has become possible with the introduction of dialysis therapy. Renal transplantation has resulted both in further reduction of mortality and improvement in quality of life for patients with end stage renal disease. Nevertheless, successful transplantation with regard to graft and patient survival is still associated with significant morbidity. Apart from infectious complications and cardiovascular disease, limitations in physical capacity from musculoskeletal disorders have become a relevant problem, resulting in reduced quality of life, poor physical functioning and inability to work.
Muscle and bone metabolism in chronic kidney disease are typically disturbed resulting in significant pathology and dysfunction of the affected tissues. They are associated with metabolic disorders related to renal insufficiency, among which metabolic acidosis is a major contributor. Metabolic acidosis is a well recognized problem in renal transplant patients. However, its prevalence, pathogenesis, course and sequelae are not well established. In particular, its relation to post-transplant bone and muscle disorders, and the impact on physical capabilities in renal transplant patients have not been comprehensively investigated so far.
The purpose of the proposed project is to examine the characteristics and pathogenesis of post-transplant metabolic acidosis, and its relation to bone and muscle pathologies and impact on physical capabilities in renal transplant patients. In particular, the following aims are proposed to investigate in de novo and long-term renal transplantation:
Aim # 1: To examine the type, degree and course of metabolic acidosis in renal transplant patients, early and long-term after transplantation
Aim # 2: To examine alterations in mineral and bone metabolism, and bone structure, and their relationship to the acid/base disorder
Aim # 3: To examine overall physical performance, exercise capacity and muscle energy content, and their relationship to the acid/base disorder
In order to analyze secondary effects of subclinical and overt acidosis on bone (Aim # 2) and muscle (Aim # 3), patients will be studied at baseline, and then be supplemented with base equivalents in order to achieve a stable plasma serum bicarbonate concentration of 24-26 mmol/l, and be reexamined thereafter. Completion of the three aims will allow to comprehensively analyze the pathogenesis of and interrelations between acid/base status, mineral metabolism, bone disorders and muscle function in renal transplant patients. This will be the first study to link metabolic alterations to structural and functional measures of the musculoskeletal system, and to the impact of the resulting pathologies on physical disabilities in patients with a kidney graft. We are in dire need to know the magnitude of the problem, whether to treat, and how aggressive to treat these patients. The results of this project will be indispensable regarding justification to rigorously evaluate and treat metabolic acidosis in patients with chronic renal insufficiency and after transplantation.
|University Hospital of Zurich|
|Zurich, Switzerland, CH 8091|
|Principal Investigator:||Patrice M. Ambühl, M.D.||University of Zurich|