Sunitinib Malate After Stereotactic Radiosurgery in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Brain Metastases

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00910039
First received: May 28, 2009
Last updated: September 27, 2013
Last verified: September 2013
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Sunitinib malate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well sunitinib malate works after stereotactic radiosurgery in treating patients with newly diagnosed brain metastases.


Condition Intervention Phase
Cognitive/Functional Effects
Metastatic Cancer
Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific
Drug: sunitinib malate
Other: cognitive assessment
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: SUNDANCE Trial: Phase II Trial of Sunitinib as Maintenance Therapy After Stereotactic Radiosurgery in Patients With 1-3 Newly Diagnosed Brain Metastases

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Case Comprehensive Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Central Nervous System (CNS) Progression-free Survival Rate [ Time Frame: 6 months after stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The percentage of subjects surviving at least six months from SRS without progressive disease anywhere in the brain (local or regional failure), assessed by the McDonald's standard criteria.Progressive neurologic abnormalities not explained by causes unrelated to tumor progression (e.g. anticonvulsant or corticosteroid toxicity, electrolyte abnormalities, hyperglycemia, etc.) or a greater than 25% increase in the size of the tumor by MRI/CT scan.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Central Nervous System (CNS) Progression-free Survival Rate [ Time Frame: 12 months after stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The percentage of subjects surviving at least 12 months from SRS without progressive disease anywhere in the brain (local or regional failure), assessed by the McDonald's standard criteria. Progressive neurologic abnormalities not explained by causes unrelated to tumor progression (e.g. anticonvulsant or corticosteroid toxicity, electrolyte abnormalities, hyperglycemia, etc.) or a greater than 25% increase in the size of the tumor by MRI/CT scan.

  • Median Time to CNS Disease Progression [ Time Frame: up to12 months from SRS ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to disease progression will be recorded from the first day of protocol therapy until the criteria for disease progression are met, patient death from any cause or removal of the patient from study for any reason, whichever comes first.

  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 12 months from SRS ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The percentage of subjects surviving at least 12 months from stereotactic radiosurgery.

  • Time to Progression [ Time Frame: at 3 yrs from SRS ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to progression (all sites of disease) - interval between stereotactic radiosurgery and the earliest date of progression (systemic or CNS) or death due to any cause.

  • Rate of Local Failure at 12 Months [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Rate of local vs regional failure -rates of progression at site of stereotactic radiosurgery (local failure)vs progression anywhere else in CNS (regional failure).

  • Neurocognitive Effects [ Time Frame: at 2 months after treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The number of patients that had statistically significant change (p's > 0.05) in their neurocognitive assessment (improvement or decline) from baseline. Neurocognitive function was assessed in several domains, including memory, verbal fluency, visual-motor speed, executive function and motor dexterity.The difference between the pre-treatment baseline and follow-up assessment scores were determined by the reliable change (RC) index. RC Index: 1=deterioration, 2=no change, 3=improved

  • Safety and Tolerability [ Time Frame: 3 years from study start ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Number of patients that experienced treatment-related G 3-4 adverse events.


Enrollment: 14
Study Start Date: April 2009
Primary Completion Date: January 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Sunitinib malate

Oral sunitinib malate once daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 42 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients undergo neuropsychological battery testing at baseline and periodically during study to assess cognitive function (memory, verbal fluency, visual-motor speed, executive function, and motor dexterity), activities of daily living, and quality of life.

Drug: sunitinib malate
Treatment will be administered on an outpatient basis. Patients will receive sunitinib 37.5mg once daily in the morning without regard to meals in repeated 6-week cycles comprising daily therapy for 4 weeks followed by a 2-week rest period. Patients who tolerate this dose may increase the dose to 50 mg once daily.
Other Names:
  • SUNITINIB L-Malate salt
  • SU010398; PHA-290940AD
  • Sutent
  • SUNITINIB
  • sunitinib malate
Other: cognitive assessment
The memory test has six alternate forms. The other tests measure motor and information processing speed and are relatively resistant to the effects of practice. The total time for test administration, including the QOL and symptom measures, is 40 minutes.The difference between the pre-treatment baseline and follow-up assessment scores will be determined by the reliable change (RC) index. This index is derived from the standard error of measurement (SEM) for each test in the battery: 1 (deterioration), 2 (no change), or and 3 (improved).
Other Names:
  • Cognitive Function Tests:
  • Memory Hopkins Verbal Learning Test
  • Verbal fluency Controlled Oral Word Association
  • Visual-motor speed Trail Making Test Part A
  • Executive Function Trail Making Test Part B
  • Motor dexterity Grooved Pegboard 3
  • Function Test:
  • Quality of life (QOL) was evaluated with a self-report measure (FACT-BRREF).

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Determine the CNS progression-free survival rate in patients with 1-3 newly diagnosed brain metastases treated with sunitinib malate after stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS).

Secondary

  • Determine the rate of local (site of SRS treatment) failure at 12 months in these patients.
  • Determine the median time to CNS disease progression in these patients.
  • Determine the overall survival of these patients.
  • Determine the time to progression of systemic disease in these patients.
  • Evaluate the safety of sunitinib malate when administered after SRS in these patients.
  • Assess the neurocognitive effects of SRS followed by sunitinib malate in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients receive oral sunitinib malate once daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 42 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients undergo neuropsychological battery testing at baseline and periodically during study to assess cognitive function (memory, verbal fluency, visual-motor speed, executive function, and motor dexterity), activities of daily living, and quality of life.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed carcinoma
  • Has 1-3 newly diagnosed brain metastases amenable to stereotactic radiosurgery
  • Patients may enroll up to 1 month after the completion of stereotactic radiosurgery provided they can undergo the required neuropsychiatric battery before beginning treatment.
  • Patients must begin treatment within 1 month of stereotactic radiosurgery.
  • No CNS metastases from lymphoma or small cell lung cancer
  • No leptomeningeal metastases
  • No CNS complications requiring urgent neurosurgical intervention (e.g., resection or shunt placement)

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Karnofsky performance status 70-100% (RTOG RPA class I or II)
  • Life expectancy > 6 weeks
  • ANC ≥ 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL (transfusion allowed)
  • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Total serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times ULN
  • Serum calcium ≤ 12.0 mg/dL
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 2.5 mg/dL
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • Willing and able to comply with schedule visits, treatment plans, laboratory tests, and other study procedures
  • No medical problem (unrelated to the malignancy) that would pose an undue risk or that would limit full compliance with the study
  • No unresolved bowel obstruction
  • No uncontrolled infectious process
  • No evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy

    • Hematuria from a primary renal tumor is allowed provided all other eligibility criteria are met
  • No hypertension that cannot be controlled by medications to a blood pressure of < 160/90 mm Hg
  • None of the following within the past 6 months:

    • Myocardial infarction
    • Severe/unstable angina
    • Severe peripheral vascular disease (claudication) or procedure on peripheral vasculature
    • Coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft
    • NYHA class II-IV congestive heart failure
    • Cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack
    • Clinically significant bleeding
    • Deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism
  • No other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or study drug administration, or that may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the judgement of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior sunitinib malate
  • No prior cranial external beam radiotherapy
  • No concurrent coumadin or other agents containing warfarin, except for low-dose coumadin (≤ 1 mg) administered prophylactically for maintenance of in-dwelling lines or ports
  • No concurrent hepatic enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants
  • No concurrent participation in another clinical trial
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • Concurrent steroids allowed provided dose is stable for ≥ 1 week
  • Concurrent systemic therapy for management of stable systemic disease allowed
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00910039

Locations
United States, Michigan
Henry Ford Health System
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202
United States, Ohio
Case Medical Center, University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
Sponsors and Collaborators
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: David M. Peereboom, MD Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00910039     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CASE1308, P30CA043703, CASE1308
Study First Received: May 28, 2009
Results First Received: July 18, 2013
Last Updated: September 27, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Case Comprehensive Cancer Center:
cognitive/functional effects
tumors metastatic to brain
unspecified adult solid tumor, protocol specific

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasm Metastasis
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Second Primary
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Sunitinib
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014