Early Therapy of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Exercise-induced increase of the pulmonary arterial pressure may be an early sign of pulmonary arterial hypertension. It has been shown that patients with normal pulmonary arterial pressure at rest but elevated pulmonary arterial pressure during exercise have a decreased exercise-capacity and may have a worse prognosis compared to patients with normal pulmonary arterial pressure values at rest and during exercise. According to the currently used definition pulmonary hypertension can be diagnosed if the mean pulmonary arterial pressure is higher than 25mmHg at rest or 30mmHg during exercise. In this study patients with a risk for pulmonary arterial hypertension (connective tissue disease) and increased pulmonary arterial pressure values during exercise are receiving a therapy with a dual endothelin receptor antagonist - bosentan, a therapy established for pulmonary arterial hypertension. The therapy effect is than compared to the recorded changes before the introduction of this therapy.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Early Therapy of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension|
- Change of mean pulmonary arterial pressure at 50W under therapy with Bosentan compared to change of mean pulmonary arterial pressure at 50W before the introduction of therapy with Bosentan [ Time Frame: 12months before Bosentan therapy vs. at begin of bosentan therapy vs. 6months under bosentan therapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- pulmonary vascular resistance, peak oxygen uptake [ Time Frame: 12months before Bosentan therapy vs. at begin of bosentan therapy vs. 6months under bosentan therapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
In this study, all participants have normal pulmonary arterial pressure at rest and elevated pulmonary arterial pressure during exercise. First, they were followed up for a year and were controlled after 1 year without specific therapy for pulmonary hypertension. Then Bosentan was introduced. A second control showing the effects of the therapy was done after 6 months. The changes in the "therapy period" can be compared with the changes in the "follow up period".
2x62.5mg for 4 weeks, then 2x125mg
Other Name: Tracleer
Bosentan is an established therapy in pulmonary arterial hypertension, which may be diagnosed when the mean pulmonary arterial pressure is >25mmHg at rest or >30mmHg at exercise. Bosentan has shown efficacy, if mean pulmonary arterial pressure was elevated at rest. However, there are no data available of the effects of such a therapy, if the mean pulmonary arterial pressure is normal at rest but elevated during exercise. The purpose of this study is to provide additional data on this group of patients. Our hypothesis is that patients with exercise-induced pulmonary hypertension may show a gradual worsening of pulmonary hemodynamics and potentially a development of manifest pulmonary arterial hypertension (elevated resting pulmonary arterial pressure values) without treatment, while the introduction of Bosentan may improve hemodynamics and exercise capacity in this patient group.
|Medical University of Graz, Pulmonology|
|Graz, Austria, 8036|
|Principal Investigator:||Horst Olschewski, MD||Medical University of Graz|