Biomarkers in Tumor Tissue Samples From Patients With Newly Diagnosed Neuroblastoma or Ganglioneuroblastoma

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified July 2014 by Children's Oncology Group
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Children's Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00904241
First received: May 16, 2009
Last updated: July 23, 2014
Last verified: July 2014
  Purpose

This research trial studies biomarkers in tumor tissue samples from patients with newly diagnosed neuroblastoma or ganglioneuroblastoma. Studying samples of tumor tissue from patients with cancer in the laboratory may help doctors identify and learn more about biomarkers related to cancer.


Condition Intervention
Disseminated Neuroblastoma
Ganglioneuroblastoma
Localized Resectable Neuroblastoma
Localized Unresectable Neuroblastoma
Regional Neuroblastoma
Stage 4S Neuroblastoma
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Other: cytology specimen collection procedure

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Neuroblastoma Biology Studies

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Children's Oncology Group:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Factors currently used for risk-group assignment (DNA content, MYCN copy number, and tumor histology) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Life tables, Kaplan-Meier survival curves, log-rank tests, and Cox regression will be used to explore the relationship of laboratory variables to outcome.

  • Prevalence of 1p, 11q, 14q, and 17q allelic status [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    These biological variables will be analyzed for independent clinical significance compared to MYCN amplification, INSS stage, age, ploidy, and histologic variables in predicting either response to treatment or outcome.

  • MYCN copy number by quantitative PCR [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    These biological variables will be analyzed for independent clinical significance compared to MYCN amplification, INSS stage, age, ploidy, and histologic variables in predicting either response to treatment or outcome.

  • Expression pattern of neurotrophin-related genes in diagnostic neuroblastoma tumors [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    These biological variables will be analyzed for independent clinical significance compared to MYCN amplification, INSS stage, age, ploidy, and histologic variables in predicting either response to treatment or outcome.

  • Presence of rare tumor cells in biological specimens by RT-PCR [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    These biological variables will be analyzed for independent clinical significance compared to MYCN amplification, INSS stage, age, ploidy, and histologic variables in predicting either response to treatment or outcome.

  • Database of the known biologic prognostic factors for patients on therapeutic studies [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    During the testing for treatment effect in Phase III trials, the biologic prognostic factors may be needed for adjustment in the Cox regression model-building process.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • MYCN status per tumor [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cross tabulations of MYCN status per tumor versus MYCN status per blood will be generated, the percentage concordant and the percentage discordant will be calculated, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses will be performed. Kaplan-Meier curves of MYCN status per blood will be generated, and a logrank test comparison performed. The prognostic ability of MYCN status per tumor versus MYCN status per blood will be tested in a multivariable Cox model.

  • MYCN status per blood [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cross tabulations of MYCN status per tumor versus MYCN status per blood will be generated, the percentage concordant and the percentage discordant will be calculated, and ROC analyses will be performed. Kaplan-Meier curves of MYCN status per blood will be generated, and a logrank test comparison performed. The prognostic ability of MYCN status per tumor versus MYCN status per blood will be tested in a multivariable Cox model.

  • Incidence of OMA [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Descriptive analysis will be performed.

  • Incidence of spinal cord compression [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Descriptive analysis will be performed.

  • Presentation with multifocal primary tumors [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Descriptive analysis will be performed.


Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA

frozen tumor tissue, Diagnostic bone marrow, Diagnostic blood


Estimated Enrollment: 10000
Study Start Date: November 2000
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2100 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts Assigned Interventions
Ancillary-Correlative (cytology specimen collection)
Patients undergo collection of blood, tissue, and bone marrow samples for analysis via RT-PCR, quantitative PCR, flow cytometry, and FISH.
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Other: cytology specimen collection procedure
Correlative studies
Other Name: cytologic sampling

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To prospectively analyze the factors that are currently used for risk-group assignment (v-myc avian myelocytomatosis viral oncogene neuroblastoma derived homolog [MYCN] copy number by fluorescent in situ hybridization [FISH], deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA] content by flow cytometry, and tumor histology using the International Neuroblastoma Pathologic Classification System) in neuroblastoma tumors at the time of diagnosis.

II. To maintain a reference bank containing clinically and genetically characterized frozen tumor tissue, tumor DNA and ribonucleic acid (RNA), histology slides and paraffin blocks, neuroblastoma-derived cell lines, patient serum and paired normal DNA obtained at the time of diagnosis, at the time of second-look surgery and at the time of relapse for future research studies.

III. To prospectively analyze 1p, 11q, 14q and 17q allelic status, MYCN copy number by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR); and the expression pattern of neurotrophin-related genes in diagnostic neuroblastoma tumors, and assay for the presence of rare tumor cells in biological specimens by reverse transcription (RT)-PCR; these biological variables will be analyzed for independent clinical significance compared to MYCN amplification, International Neuroblastoma Staging System (INSS) stage, age, ploidy, and histologic variables in predicting either response to treatment or outcome.

IV. To build a database of the known biologic prognostic factors for patients on therapeutic studies.

V. To serve as a Registry for neuroblastoma patients whose tumors demonstrate clinical and genetic features defined as "Low Risk" for treatment failure in the absence of adjuvant therapy.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To prospectively analyze the concordance between detection of MYCN amplification in tumor samples and quantitative detection of MYCN DNA in serum, and to analyze the prognostic significance of MYCN amplification as detected in serum samples.

II. To build a database that includes information regarding the presentation and natural history of neuroblastoma-associated health problems including but not limited to opsoclonus myoclonus ataxia (OMA) and/or spinal cord compression.

OUTLINE:

Patients undergo collection of blood, tissue, and bone marrow samples for analysis via RT-PCR, quantitative PCR, flow cytometry, and FISH.

After completion of study, patients are followed up periodically.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 30 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Patients with suspected neuroblastoma, suspected ganglioneuroblastoma, or suspected ganglioneuroma/maturing subtype enrolled on ANBL00B1

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All newly diagnosed patients with suspected neuroblastoma, suspected ganglioneuroblastoma, or suspected ganglioneuroma/maturing subtype seen at Children's Oncology Group (COG) institutions are eligible for this study

    • There will be no penalty under any circumstances for enrollment of a patient whose definitive institutional diagnosis, or central review diagnosis, is found to be a tumor other than neuroblastoma, ganglioneuroblastoma, or ganglioneuroma/ maturing subtype
  • Patients may not have received chemotherapy prior to enrollment on ANBL00B1 and procurement of study-related tissues with the following exception:

    • Patients that in the opinion of the treating physician are too ill to undergo pre-treatment tissue biopsy and require EMERGENT chemotherapy may be enrolled on ANBL00B1; documentation of the emergent nature of therapy initiation is required
  • It is required that a good faith effort (documented by specimen tracking) be made to submit a neuroblastoma sample (tumor, metastasis, and/or tumor-involved bone marrow) of sufficient quality for MYCN analysis in the Neuroblastoma Reference Laboratory in order for any newly diagnosed patient to be enrolled on ANBL00B1; this should be obtained prior to initiation of therapy
  • In rare cases, patients may be deemed too ill to undergo pre-treatment tissue biopsy and require EMERGENT therapy. The following eligibility guidelines apply to these cases:

    • For presumed INSS stage 4S patients: Efforts to submit tumor tissue (e.g., primary tumor, skin nodule, or metastatic site) within 96 hours of EMERGENT therapy initiation should be made; however, if the child is deemed too unstable for such a procedure they may still be enrolled as long as pre-treatment peripheral blood and serum have been submitted
    • For all other INSS stages: tumor tissue should be obtained as soon as possible within 96 hours of EMERGENT therapy initiation; patients without tumor tissues submitted within this time-frame are not eligible for enrollment

      • Note: it may not be possible to obtain all necessary tumor biomarkers for therapy stratification in such cases; if a patient enrolled on ANBL00B1 undergoes an additional diagnostic procedure within 96 hours of initiating therapy, additional tumor specimens may be submitted to obtain biomarkers used for risk classification; the decision to perform such procedures, and/or submit these specimens, is to be made by the managing clinicians and should reflect the clinical need to know the status of such biomarkers
  • All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
  • All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with relapsed neuroblastoma who were not enrolled on ANBL00B1 at original diagnosis are NOT eligible; samples should be submitted as part of the ABTR04B1 protocol
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00904241

  Show 229 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Oncology Group
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Michael Hogarty, MD Children's Oncology Group
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Children's Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00904241     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00256763
Other Study ID Numbers: ANBL00B1, NCI-2009-00397, CDR0000078642, ANBL00B1, ANBL00B1, U10CA180886, U10CA098543
Study First Received: May 16, 2009
Last Updated: July 23, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neuroblastoma
Ganglioneuroblastoma
Ganglioneuroma
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 29, 2014