Evaluating the T Cell Response to a Peptide-based Vaccine in Patients With Breast Cancer (Breast 37)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Virginia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00892567
First received: April 30, 2009
Last updated: August 14, 2013
Last verified: August 2013
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate T cell responses against a peptide-based vaccine in patients with breast cancer and to determine whether peptide-specific T cells can be found at the site of breast tumors following vaccination.


Condition Intervention
Breast Neoplasms
Biological: 9 Peptides from Her-2/neu, CEA, & CTA

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Evaluation of CD8+ T Cell Activation and Infiltration Into Primary Breast Tumors Following Administration of a Peptide Vaccine

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Virginia:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate whether a multi-peptide vaccine induces T cells that traffic to and penetrate into human primary breast cancers. [ Time Frame: 22 days following initiation of the vaccines ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To characterize the T cell response to a peptide-based vaccine in terms of antigen specificity and the induction of differentiated effector cells, both in the peripheral blood and within the tumor microenvironment. [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 9
Study Start Date: May 2009
Study Completion Date: February 2012
Primary Completion Date: December 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 9 Peptide Vaccine Biological: 9 Peptides from Her-2/neu, CEA, & CTA
Each vaccination will be administered on days 1, 8, 15, 36, 43, and 50. All participants will receive 9 class I MHC-restricted synthetic peptides and a class II MHC-restricted tetanus helper peptide administered in Montanide ISA-51. The vaccine will be administered subcutaneously (1 ml) and intradermally (1ml) at a single vaccination site.

Detailed Description:

Just under 200,000 American women will be diagnosed with breast cancer this year. Standard breast cancer therapies have long included surgical resection, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and hormonal therapy. However, other immune therapies are now being explored for the treatment of breast cancer, including peptide-based vaccines. In support of directed T cell therapies for breast cancer, antigenic epitopes from breast cancer-associated proteins such as Her-2/neu and the MAGE gene family have been identified, and vaccines containing peptides derived from these proteins have been shown to be safe and immunogenic in breast cancer patients.

Results from successful immune therapy approaches, for various human and murine cancers, have shown that antitumor effects can be mediated by T cells, which is proof-of-principle that the immune system, and in particular, T cells, can reject tumor. Overall, however, the complete clinical response rate for T cell mediated immunotherapies has been low. There are at least two possibilities to explain why this may be the case. First, tumor reactive T cells may not traffic to tumors. Second, tumor reactive T cells may not have adequate effector function within the tumor microenvironment. Neither of these hypotheses has been adequately explored, though there are data suggesting that either or both may represent obstacles to successful immune therapy. In order to improve upon the clinical response rate with vaccines, we need to address the questions of whether vaccine-induced T cells traffic to tumor and exhibit effector function within the tumor.

Specifically for breast cancer, there are opportunities for targeting T cells against primary tumors with the intent of providing immune protection early in the disease course. In the proposed clinical trial we will be administering a peptide-based vaccine and monitoring responses to the vaccine at the site of primary tumor. Peptide vaccines are unique in that they provide an opportunity to monitor directly the T cell response to defined antigens, enabling dissection of the immune response pre- and post-vaccination. The proposed analyses are designed to test the hypotheses that vaccination 1) enhances T cell infiltration into tumor and 2) induces T cells to become activated and fully differentiate into effector cells. The goals of this proposal are to define the extent to which these two processes occur following vaccination and to identify opportunities for improving tumor targeting and T cell effector function in human breast cancer.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with a mass approximately ≥1 cm by breast imaging, BIRADS 5
  2. Patients who have been diagnosed, by cytologic or histologic examination, with adenocarcinoma (including invasive lobular carcinoma) of the breast and have not yet undergone primary surgery for their disease.
  3. All participants must have:

    • ECOG performance status of 0 or 1
    • Ability and willingness to give informed consent
  4. Laboratory parameters as follows:

    • HLA-A1, -A2, -A3, or -A31 (+)
    • ANC > 1000/mm3
    • Platelets > 100,000/mm3
    • Hgb > 11 g/dL
    • HGBA1C < 7%
    • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 x upper limits of normal (ULN)
    • Bilirubin ≤ 2.5 x ULN
    • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 x ULN
    • Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN
    • HIV negative
    • Hepatitis negative
  5. Age ≥ 18 years at the time of registration
  6. Participants must have an intact (undissected), nodal basin in the upper extremity opposite the site of tumor.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients who require neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior to surgery for the treatment of their disease.
  2. Participants with known or suspected allergies to any component of the vaccine.
  3. Participants who have an active infection requiring antibiotics.
  4. Participants receiving the following medications or treatments at study registration or within the preceding 30 days are excluded:

    • Surgery
    • Chemotherapy
    • Radiation therapy
    • Allergy desensitization injections
    • Systemic corticosteroids, administered parenterally or orally. Inhaled steroids (e.g. Advair®, Flovent®, Azmacort®) are not permitted. Topical corticosteroids are acceptable, including steroids with very low solubility administered nasally for local effects only (e.g. Nasonex®).
    • Growth factors (e.g., Procrit®, Aranesp®, Neulasta®)
    • Any investigational medication
  5. Participants may not have been vaccinated previously with any of the synthetic peptides included in this protocol.
  6. Pregnancy during vaccine administration. Female participants of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test (urinary or serum β-HCG) prior to administration of the first vaccine dose. Males and females must agree, in the consent form, to use effective birth control methods during the course of vaccination.
  7. Female participants must not be breastfeeding.
  8. Participants in whom there is a medical contraindication or potential problem in complying with the requirements of the protocol, in the opinion of the investigator.
  9. Participants classified according to the New York Heart Association classification as having Class III or IV heart disease.
  10. Participants must not have had prior autoimmune disorders requiring cytotoxic or immunosuppressive therapy, or autoimmune disorders with visceral involvement. Participants with an active autoimmune disorder requiring these therapies are also excluded. The following will not be exclusionary:

    • The presence of laboratory evidence of autoimmune disease (e.g. positive ANA titer) without symptoms
    • Clinical evidence of vitiligo
    • Other forms of depigmenting illness
    • Mild arthritis requiring NSAID medications
  11. Body weight < 110 lbs (without clothes)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00892567

Locations
United States, Virginia
University of Virginia Health System
Charlottesville, Virginia, United States, 22908
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Virginia
Investigators
Principal Investigator: David R. Brenin, M.D. University of Virginia
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of Virginia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00892567     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 12911, R21 CA130340-01A1
Study First Received: April 30, 2009
Last Updated: August 14, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by University of Virginia:
breast cancer
peptide vaccine
immunotherapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 01, 2014