Effect of Rye Bread Breakfasts on Eight Hour Satiety Ratings

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Lantmännen R&D
Good Food Practice, Sweden
Information provided by:
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00876785
First received: April 6, 2009
Last updated: April 13, 2009
Last verified: April 2009
  Purpose

The aim of the present study was to investigate subjective appetite during 8 hours after intake of iso-caloric rye bread breakfasts varying in dietary fiber composition and content.


Condition Intervention
Obesity
Other: Rye bread breakfast
Other: wheat bread based breakfast

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Effect of Rye Bread Breakfasts on Subjective Hunger and Satiety

Further study details as provided by Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Subjective satiety, hunger and desire to eat [ Time Frame: During 8 hours after intake of test meal ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 32
Study Start Date: September 2007
Study Completion Date: May 2008
Primary Completion Date: March 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 1
Reference wheat bread breakfast
Other: wheat bread based breakfast
Reference wheat bread breakfast
Experimental: 2
Rye bread breakfast
Other: Rye bread breakfast
A randomised, within-subject comparison design was used. Appetite (hunger, satiety and desire to eat) was rated regularly from just before breakfast at 08:00 until 16:00. Amount, type and timing of food and drink intake during the study period were standardised.

Detailed Description:

Energy-dense foods that require little effort to consume and that are rapidly digested may cause passive over-consumption by failure to provide a feeling of fullness corresponding to the energy content. A diet that is predominantly based on such foods may lead to overweight. It is therefore important to identify properties of foods that facilitate energy balance by creating a high satiety per calorie. A number of studies have confirmed that foods naturally rich in dietary fiber promote the feeling of fullness and reduce hunger in the short term.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • age between 20 and 60 years
  • body mass index (BMI) 18-27 kg/m2
  • a habit of consuming breakfast, lunch and dinner everyday
  • fasting plasma glucose 4.0-6.1 mmol/L
  • haemoglobin (Hb) in men 130-170 g/L, in women 120-150 g/L
  • thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) 0.3-4.0 mlE/L
  • willingness to comply with the study procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

  • intake of medicine likely to affect appetite or food intake
  • any medical condition involving the gastrointestinal tract
  • eating disorder
  • smoking
  • consumption of more than three cups of coffee per day
  • change in body weight of more than 10% three months prior to screening
  • consumption of any restricted diet such as vegan, gluten-free, slimming etc.
  • pregnancy, lactation or wish to become pregnant during the study period
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00876785

Locations
Sweden
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Uppsala, Sweden, 75007
Sponsors and Collaborators
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Lantmännen R&D
Good Food Practice, Sweden
Investigators
Study Director: Per Aman, Professor University
  More Information

No publications provided by Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Hanna Isaksson, lantmännen R&D
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00876785     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SI829
Study First Received: April 6, 2009
Last Updated: April 13, 2009
Health Authority: Sweden: Regional Ethical Review Board

Keywords provided by Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences:
Rye bread satiety breakfast

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 29, 2014