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Influence of Parents and Friends on Children and Adolescents

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
University at Buffalo
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00875576
First received: April 2, 2009
Last updated: June 25, 2010
Last verified: April 2009
  Purpose

The objective of this study is to directly compare the effects of parents and friends on overweight and non-overweight children and adolescents' food intake and food selection using a cross-sectional design. Overweight and non-overweight children (5-6 year-old) and adolescents (13-14 year-old) will share a meal with a friend and with a parent on separate occasions. Participants' food selection and the amount of food they consumed will be compared across conditions.

Hypothesis 1: The investigators hypothesize that overweight children and adolescents will select more unhealthy food items and eat more in the presence of an overweight friend than when eating with a lean friend; whereas lean participants eating with an overweight friend will eat a similar amount of food than lean youth eating with a lean friend.

Hypothesis 2: The investigators predict that overweight children and adolescents (but not lean children and teens) will consume more food in the presence of their mother than in the presence of a friend.

Hypothesis 3: The investigators also predict that overweight youth's energy intake will be related to parental prompts.

Hypothesis 4: The investigators expect greater similarities in terms of food selection and food intake between adolescents and their friend than between adolescents and their parent.


Condition
Healthy

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Influence of Parents and Friends on Children and Adolescents

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University at Buffalo:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • amount of food consumed [ Time Frame: Measured once with a friend and once with a mother, both occurring within a week of each other. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: January 2009
Study Completion Date: June 2010
Primary Completion Date: June 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   5 Years to 14 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population

Boys and girls ages 5-6 yrs and 12-14 yrs and their mothers.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Boys and girls ages 5-6 yrs and 12-14 yrs and their mothers
  • Children must have a BMI greater than or equal to 15th percentile for their age
  • Children and their mothers must have at least a moderate liking of the study foods used

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants should not have any food allergies
  • Participants should have no dietary restraints
  • Participants should have no psychopathology that can limit food choice and alter eating
  • Participants should have no developmental disabilities that can limit food choice and alter eating
  • Participants cannot have a cold or upper respiratory distress that could influence taste, appetite or olfactory sensory responsiveness
  • Participants cannot be on any medications that could influence taste, appetite or olfactory sensory responsiveness
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00875576

Locations
United States, New York
University at Buffalo, Division of Behavioral Medicine
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14214
Sponsors and Collaborators
University at Buffalo
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Sarah J Salvy, Ph.D. University at Buffalo
  More Information

No publications provided by University at Buffalo

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Sarah-Jeanne Salvy, Ph.D., University at Buffalo
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00875576     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DB# 2354
Study First Received: April 2, 2009
Last Updated: June 25, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University at Buffalo:
social influences
meals
obesity
amount of food consumed

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 20, 2014