Influence of Parents and Friends on Children and Adolescents
The objective of this study is to directly compare the effects of parents and friends on overweight and non-overweight children and adolescents' food intake and food selection using a cross-sectional design. Overweight and non-overweight children (5-6 year-old) and adolescents (13-14 year-old) will share a meal with a friend and with a parent on separate occasions. Participants' food selection and the amount of food they consumed will be compared across conditions.
Hypothesis 1: The investigators hypothesize that overweight children and adolescents will select more unhealthy food items and eat more in the presence of an overweight friend than when eating with a lean friend; whereas lean participants eating with an overweight friend will eat a similar amount of food than lean youth eating with a lean friend.
Hypothesis 2: The investigators predict that overweight children and adolescents (but not lean children and teens) will consume more food in the presence of their mother than in the presence of a friend.
Hypothesis 3: The investigators also predict that overweight youth's energy intake will be related to parental prompts.
Hypothesis 4: The investigators expect greater similarities in terms of food selection and food intake between adolescents and their friend than between adolescents and their parent.
|Official Title:||Influence of Parents and Friends on Children and Adolescents|
- amount of food consumed [ Time Frame: Measured once with a friend and once with a mother, both occurring within a week of each other. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|United States, New York|
|University at Buffalo, Division of Behavioral Medicine|
|Buffalo, New York, United States, 14214|
|Principal Investigator:||Sarah J Salvy, Ph.D.||University at Buffalo|