Confocal Probe-based Endoscopic Imaging, Colorectal Cancer, Gastrointestinal (GI) Pathologies (ASGE-FNDT-1)
The recently developed endoscopic Confocal probe microscopy system allows imaging of surface epithelium during ongoing endoscopy (upper and lower) with the potential of immediate diagnosis of various GI pre-malignant and malignant lesions. The purpose of this study is to determine if using this new Confocal probe system can find pre-cancerous abnormalities in the stomach and colon.
Hypothesis: The confocal endomicroscopy images of colorectal lesions during the standard colonoscopies could help the classification in vivo of colorectal neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions. This could direct further endoscopic interventions such as targeted biopsies of early colorectal cancer lesions and the endoscopic resection of such lesions during screening colonoscopies.
To determine the key confocal image features of neoplastic and pre-neoplastic colorectal lesions including flat and raised adenomatous polyps, intraepithelial neoplasia and cancer as well as benign lesions such as hyperplastic polyps and normal colonic epithelium and to estimate which morphologic features best distinguish neoplastic and non-neoplastic tissues.
- To determine the initial sensitivity and specificity of confocal microendoscopy imaging for classification of adenomatous from hyperplastic polyps of the colon.
In this exploratory phase of the study to develop a library of confocal microendoscopic imaging characteristics of other GI pathologies such as:
- Barrett's esophagus in comparison to Barrett's esophagus with dysplasia, and normal squamous esophagus.
- Other encountered inflammatory and neoplastic conditions within the GI tract in which biopsy or removal of tissue would routinely be indicated.
The second phase of the study will focus on establishing the sensitivities, specificities, accuracy of confocal images of colorectal lesions and other GI pathologies as well as inter-observer agreement and learning curve in interpretation of confocal images.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
|Official Title:||The Role of Endoscopic Confocal Microscopy in Diagnosing Colorectal Cancer and Other Gastrointestinal Pathologies in Vivo|
- Endoscopic Confocal microscopy may help distinguish small adenomatous polyps with malignant potential from non-neoplastic (hyperplastic) polyps in real- time enabling immediate diagnosis and removal of only polyps with truly malignant potential. [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Endoscopic Confocal microscopy has the potential to fundamentally change the way endoscopy and pathology interact by allowing near histological-quality imaging in vivo, without the need, risk, and cost of tissue removal. [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||March 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Colorectal cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related death in the U.S. Although removal of pre-malignant polyps has been shown to reduce the risk of colorectal cancer, up to 50% of removed colonic polyps are hyperplastic with no malignant potential. Removal of these benign polyps exposes the patient to polypectomy-related complications and cost without any benefit. Current standard endoscopes with the use of accessory confocal endomicroscopy probe will allow both routine and confocal microscopy imaging. Colonoscopies or upper endoscopies will be performed as routine including conscious sedation. A special fiber through the scope, combined with a small amount of dye called fluorescein given by vein, will be used to obtain microscopic views during the endoscopic procedure. If a colorectal lesion or other GI lesion is found that would normally require biopsy, the site of biopsy will be evaluated by confocal imaging with the Cellvizio-GI Fiberoptic probes prior to biopsy or removal of the suspicious tissue. Following image acquisition, the lesion will be biopsied or removed as per standard clinical care. Standard endoscopic variables for each lesion will be recorded including: name and record number, date, time, an exact time of fluorescein injection and time of image acquisition, lesion location, size, and suspected findings (inflammation, dysplasia, type of polyp) and final histological diagnosis.
|United States, Florida|
|Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32224|
|Principal Investigator:||Michael B Wallace, M.D.||Mayo Clinic Florida|