The Role of Cetrotide Acetate in Prevention of Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS) in Oocyte Donors
This pilot study aims to address whether the prophylactic use of Cetrorelix Acetate after a long gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist protocol post-hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) administration can significantly reduce the incidence of OHSS in oocyte donors.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||The Role of Cetrotide Acetate in Prevention of Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome in Oocyte Donors|
- Volume of Ascites in the Abdomen is Indicative of the Severity of OHSS [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]evaluate by ultrasound examination, physical examination and blood work the incidence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in oocyte donors receiving a single injection of 3 mg Cetrotide Acetate.
- Ovarian Volumes as a Predictor of OHSS Severity [ Time Frame: 30 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]ultrasound measurements of both ovaries
|Study Start Date:||March 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Cetrotide acetate
oocyte donors will receive cetrotide acetate on the day of oocyte retrieval. The incidence of OHSS will be assessed.
Drug: Cetrotide acetate
cetrotide acetate is a GnRH antagonist. The dose is 3 mg once on the day of oocyte retrieval.
With varying complications, OHSS is an iatrogenic condition cause by ovarian stimulation. Classified as mild, moderate, or severe, mild OHSS is relatively common as it occurs in up to 1/3 of women undergoing ovarian stimulation. Symptoms include abdominal ascites, nausea, vomiting, increased abdominal girth and weight gain, with increasing ranges for mild to moderate. Severe OHSS occurs in 1% and includes hemodynamic instability, thrombosis, pulmonary difficulties, oliguria, and rarely death. Therefore, strategies to prevent or severely decrease the incidence of OHSS are sorely needed.
More aggressive ovarian stimulation increases the risk of OHSS, but it is not easy to predict who or who will not develop OHSS. Certain patient types, however, are considered to be at a higher risk than others, including oocyte donors. OHSS in oocyte donors manifests early, i.e. within days of oocyte retrieval, yet does not have the continued complication of pregnancy as observed in IVF patients. Therefore, as a in this vulnerable patient population, oocyte donors are ideal to study.
GnRH antagonists been most recently used in high risk patients undergoing IVF. Aside the reduction of OHSS observed after the traditional utilization of the antagonist protocol, alternative uses have also suggested favorable outcomes. Two retrospective, cohort matched studies evaluated a Ganirelix Acetate substitution in women who were at high risk for developing OHSS (E2 > 2,000 pg/ml on cycle day 6 or a projected peak E2 > 5,000 pg/ml with > 25 follicles on the day of HCG administration) after being down-regulated using GnRHa (or using a microdose flare protocol) and undergoing ovarian stimulation The GnRHa was stopped and only a low dose of hMG was continued when Ganirelix Acetate was started. The Ganirelix Acetate use resulted in an average drop of 41-49.5% in peak E2 levels. While those two studies were provocative, they were retrospective and not controlled. In the only prospective study evaluating the use of Ganirelix Acetate in the prevention of OHSS compared to coasting, the "historic" gold standard, Ganirelix Acetate resulted in a 36% drop in E2 level after one injection and a 59% drop in peak E2 after 3 days of use (46.8% required only one injection, 38.3% required two, and only 14.9% required 3 injections) as opposed to a 9% increase in E2 level 24 hours after coasting. The use of Ganirelix acetate resulted in significant decrease in OHSS risk (2.1-2.3% in the two retrospective studies, and 0% in the only prospective study vs 9-38% in prior publications) without affecting the pregnancy outcome. The mean number of Ganirelix Acetate injections was 1.74 + 0.91. Although, Ganirelix Acetate appears to be successful in lowering the OHSS risk previous to hCG administration as suggested by these studies, this pilot study questions the effect after the ovulation induction is administered. To date, no such study has asked this question.
All donors will be evaluated daily with hormonal levels (FSH, LH, E2, P, CBC, and comprehensive metabolic profile (which includes liver function tests) for at least 3 days after the oocyte retrieval. Daily weights and abdominal circumference will also be measured. All oocyte donors will also present for one last visit one week after oocyte retrieval. The incidence of OHSS will be the main outcome measured.
|United States, Virginia|
|Virginia Center for Reproductive Medicine|
|Reston, Virginia, United States, 20190|
|Principal Investigator:||Fady I Sharara, M.D||Virginia Center for Reproductive Medicine|