Alcohol Early Intervention for Freshmen (Transitions)

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified February 2009 by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA).
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00852033
First received: February 24, 2009
Last updated: NA
Last verified: February 2009
History: No changes posted
  Purpose

Alcohol abuse among college students is a significant and long-standing public health issue. The transition into college is marked by substantial increases in alcohol abuse and problems, suggesting the importance of interventions that take place prior to and immediately following matriculation. To date, early interventions with this population have yielded modest results with very little evidence identifying either the factors that are responsible for observed effects or specific individual or situational factors that qualify intervention efficacy. There is preliminary evidence for the efficacy of individualized feedback (IF) in reducing college student alcohol abuse. Additionally, a sizeable body of research with early adolescents and emerging work with college students point to the utility of parent-based interventions (PBI). The major aim of this research is to provide the first test of the unique and combined efficacy of these two successful interventions in reducing alcohol abuse among matriculating college students.


Condition Intervention
Alcohol Abuse
Behavioral: Brief Motivational Intervention (BMI)
Behavioral: Parent Based Intervention plus booster
Behavioral: Combined brief motivational intervention and parent based intervention plus boosters for both interventions
Other: Assessment only

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Alcohol Early Intervention for Freshmen

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Daily Drinking Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline, 10 months, 22months, 46 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Young Adult Problems Screening Test "YAAPST" [ Time Frame: Baseline, 10 months, 22months, 46months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 1014
Study Start Date: January 2004
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2009
Primary Completion Date: June 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
No Intervention: 1
Assessment Group (no intervention)
Other: Assessment only
No intervention, assessment only.
Active Comparator: 2
Brief Motivational Intervention (BMI)
Behavioral: Brief Motivational Intervention (BMI)
Students met with trained interventionists. The initial BMI took place during the fall semester of the freshmen year for approximately 45 minutes. Individualized feedback was used to guide the BMI sessions. The feedback data were gathered through an online survey completed within two weeks of the scheduled appointment to ensure the use of proximal feedback reflecting current drinking. Feedback was tailored so that drinkers received information on their personal drinking patterns, heavy episodic drinking, and alcohol-related consequences, and abstainers received feedback on their perceived barriers for maintaining abstinence, the safety and health benefits of their choice not to drink, and their experience with second-hand effects of alcohol use. In the spring of the freshmen year, students received a BMI 'booster' session. Individualized feedback was created from the original online survey and the 10 month follow-up assessment.
Other Name: BMI
Active Comparator: 3
Parent Based Intervention (PBI)
Behavioral: Parent Based Intervention plus booster
The PBI is a handbook-based intervention modified from Turrisi and colleagues (2001). It was designed to raise parental awareness of alcohol abuse and consequences among college students and increase parental effort to address this issue with their teen.
Other Name: PBI
Active Comparator: 4
BMI and TBI
Behavioral: Brief Motivational Intervention (BMI)
Students met with trained interventionists. The initial BMI took place during the fall semester of the freshmen year for approximately 45 minutes. Individualized feedback was used to guide the BMI sessions. The feedback data were gathered through an online survey completed within two weeks of the scheduled appointment to ensure the use of proximal feedback reflecting current drinking. Feedback was tailored so that drinkers received information on their personal drinking patterns, heavy episodic drinking, and alcohol-related consequences, and abstainers received feedback on their perceived barriers for maintaining abstinence, the safety and health benefits of their choice not to drink, and their experience with second-hand effects of alcohol use. In the spring of the freshmen year, students received a BMI 'booster' session. Individualized feedback was created from the original online survey and the 10 month follow-up assessment.
Other Name: BMI
Behavioral: Parent Based Intervention plus booster
The PBI is a handbook-based intervention modified from Turrisi and colleagues (2001). It was designed to raise parental awareness of alcohol abuse and consequences among college students and increase parental effort to address this issue with their teen.
Other Name: PBI
Behavioral: Combined brief motivational intervention and parent based intervention plus boosters for both interventions
A combination of Intervention 1 and 2.

Detailed Description:

Using a 2 X 2 IF (yes; no) X PBI (yes; no) factorial design, this study will determine whether IF and PBI with "boosters" are effective in reducing alcohol abuse among incoming college students. It is hypothesized that groups receiving IF and PBI will demonstrate lower levels of alcohol abuse over the first two years of college than those not receiving these interventions and that the effects of combining these interventions will be additive (Specific Aim 1). Structural equation modeling techniques will be used to conduct mediational analyses investigating theoretically derived hypotheses about the processes by which intervention factors influence alcohol use and problems (Specific Aim 2). Hierarchical multiple regression analyses will examine hypothesized individual and situational moderators of intervention efficacy (Specific Aim 3). The use of a factorial design and explicit mediational analyses will allow for very strong inferences regarding the "active ingredients" of intervention efficacy. The long-term objectives of this research are to improve the efficacy of early interventions and to inform research and theory on the etiology of alcoholism. More effective interventions, particularly those that target students during a developmental transition of enhanced risk, will result in fewer injuries from acute intoxication, enhance retention and learning, and lessen the development of alcoholism as a result of chronic alcohol abuse.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   17 Years to 20 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All incoming students who paid their university attendance deposit by May 1st of the recruitment years were eligible for participation.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • transfer students,
  • married,
  • not living with a parent/guardian,
  • returning students older than 20 years
  • reached the alcohol use cut-off criteria (40 or more drinks per week and two symptoms of alcohol dependence)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00852033

Locations
United States, Rhode Island
University of Rhode Island, Department of Psychology
Kingston,, Rhode Island, United States, 02881
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Mark D Wood, PhD University of Rhode Island
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Mark D. Wood, University of Rhode Island
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00852033     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NIAAA-Wood-AA013919, NIH Grant 5R01AA013919-04
Study First Received: February 24, 2009
Last Updated: February 24, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA):
alcoholism
alcohol abuse
prevention
behavior modification
parent offspring interaction
university student
substance abuse related behavior
adolescence

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Ethanol
Anti-Infective Agents, Local
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Central Nervous System Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014