A Pilot Study of Chronic Red Blood Cell Transfusion in Sickle Cell Disease-Associated Pulmonary Hypertension
Pulmonary hypertension, a complication associated with an increased risk of death, is common in patients with sickle cell disease. Despite its frequency, there remains no standard treatment for this complication in patients with sickle cell disease.
In this small study, the investigators will evaluate the effect of monthly transfusion of red blood cells to patients with sickle cell disease-associated pulmonary hypertension. The investigators speculate that by increasing the hemoglobin level and decreasing the amount of sickle red blood cells, these patients would experience improvements in their PHT.
Sickle Cell Disease
Other: RBC transfusion
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Pilot Study of the Effects of Chronic Red Blood Cell Transfusion in Sickle Cell Disease On Pulmonary Hypertension in Patients With Sickle Cell Disease|
- Pulmonary artery systolic pressure (mm Hg) [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Pulmonary vascular resistance (dyne.s.cm-5) [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Six-minute walk [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Markers of thrombin generation (TAT complexes, F1.2, d-dimers) [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Markers of platelet activation (soluble CD40 ligand, beta thromboglobulin, platelet factor [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Nitric oxide metabolites [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Quality of life [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||February 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
All subjects wil receive monthly RBC transfusions for 6 months
Other: RBC transfusion
Study subjects will receive monthly transfusions with 2 units of red blood cells
As patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) age, recurrent vaso-occlusive episodes lead to progressive end-organ damage. Pulmonary hypertension (PHT) represents an example of such end-organ damage. Pulmonary hypertension, a common complication in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD), results in a shortened survival. The high mortality reported in SCD patients with PHT appears to occur particularly in those patients with moderate and severe elevations in their pulmonary artery pressure. The overall objective of this proposal is to evaluate the effect of chronic red blood cell transfusion on PHT in SCD. We hypothesize that by increasing the hemoglobin concentration and decreasing the amount of HbS, these patients would experience improvements in their PHT.
Thus, the specific aim of this clinical trial is to evaluate the effects of RBC transfusion on pulmonary hypertension in SCD, as well as the effect of chronic RBC transfusion on plasma markers of thrombin generation, platelet activation, and nitric oxide metabolites.
Study subjects will be transfused monthly for 6 months to investigate the safety and efficacy of RBC transfusion in SCD patients with PHT. All packed red blood cells will have extended antigen matching for C, D, E and Kell to minimize the risk of alloimmunization. Subjects will receive other routine treatments for SCD. Specific outcome variables will be evaluated at 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months. All study subjects will receive simple transfusion of packed red blood cell to achieve a post-transfusion hemoglobin (Hb) not greater than 10 g/dL. For those subjects who may have baseline hemoglobins in whom a post transfusion Hb would exceed 10 g/dL, they will require a limited exchange transfusion, i.e. phlebotomy of 1 unit of blood, followed by transfusion of 2 units of packed RBC. All study subjects will return for assessment of safety and/or efficacy measures every two weeks for the first month, and subsequently every four weeks till the completion of the study. Study subjects who experience a documented worsening of their disease (decreased SaO2, worsening 6-minute walk) on at least two consecutive follow up visits will be taken off the study. At the end of the study, subjects will have the option of continuing on chronic RBC transfusion.