Low-dose Challenge Model With Enterotoxigenic E Coli

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
PATH Vaccine Solutions
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00844493
First received: February 13, 2009
Last updated: September 11, 2014
Last verified: April 2013
  Purpose

This study will validate a model for testing new vaccines designed to protect against intestinal infections with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC). ETEC is one of the most common causes of diarrhea in developing countries and is a common cause of travelers diarrhea. Vaccines are now being developed and their development will be facilitated if we have a valid model for testing these vaccines in human volunteers. We anticipate that the new vaccines will be given to volunteers and they will then be given a dose of virulent ETEC bacteria. If the vaccine is effective, the volunteers should not development diarrhea, but if the vaccine is not effective, the volunteers will have diarrhea for a few days.

During this study, we will validate a minimum dose of virulent ETEC bacteria which is sufficient to cause diarrhea in healthy adult volunteers and to identify conditions that can make this model reliable.

We will also determine, in a follow-up group of volunteers, if being exposed to the ETEC bacteria previously will protect against a subsequent illness when they are exposed to the same bacteria a second time. We believe that the previously exposed group will be protected and we will study the immune response to these exposures to help design vaccines that can accomplish this kind of protection.


Condition Intervention Phase
Diarrhea
Biological: E coli strain H10407 and buffer
Biological: E coli H10407 and buffer
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Validation of Low-dose ETEC Challenge Model in U.S. Adults and Re-challenge of Immune Subjects With a Homologous ETEC Strain (H10407)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Occurrence of moderate or severe diarrhea [ Time Frame: 5 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Antibody response to Cholera toxin b subunit, Lipopolysaccharide and colonization factor antigen [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: February 2009
Study Completion Date: June 2013
Primary Completion Date: February 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: H10407 challenge 1
7 or 8 logs of E. coli strain H10407 with CeraVacx buffer
Biological: E coli strain H10407 and buffer
7 or 8 logs of the bacteria with bicarbonate buffer
Experimental: H10407 challenge 2
7 or 8 logs of E. coli strain H10407 with bicarbonate buffer
Biological: E coli strain H10407 and buffer
Bacteria in a dose of 8 logs with CeraVacx buffer
Experimental: H10407 challenge 3
6 logs of E. coli H10407 with bicarbonate buffer
Biological: E coli strain H10407 and buffer
Bacteria in a dose of 7 logs and CeraVacx buffer
Experimental: H10407 challenge 4
5 logs of E. coli H10407 with bicarbonate buffer
Biological: E coli H10407 and buffer
Bacteria in a dose of 8 logs with bicarbonate buffer

Detailed Description:

This is a study in which healthy adult inpatient volunteers will be challenged with Escherichia coli, strain H10407 using different conditions. The study has the following objectives.

  1. To identify a revised set of procedures for the ETEC H10407 challenge model that will allow for an inoculum dose <108 organisms, and that will cause diarrhea in 50% or more of subjects without causing high output diarrhea, as determined by stool output volumes or signs and symptoms associated with hypovolemia.
  2. To measure mucosal and systemic immune responses to ETEC H10407 in naïve and immune subjects.
  3. To determine the extent to which recent enteric illness due to ETEC H10407will protect subjects against diarrhea when re-challenged with H10407.
  4. To determine the extent to which mucosal and/or systemic antibody responses following ETEC H10407diarrhea are predictive of protection in a re-challenge study.

The study is divided into 4 cohorts. The first cohort will test four conditions of dose and buffer for the challenge. Using the conditions that appear to be best, a larger number of volunteers will be given this challenge to validate these conditions. The third group will be divided between some volunteers who had been ill during previous studies and some who have not been exposed before.

Specimens will be obtained to determine the extent of excretion of the challenge strain and the immune responses to the challenge. These will include measures of both systemic and local intestinal immunity.

Update as of May 2010:

The clinical portion of the study has been completed and is no longer recruiting. The overall results were presented at two meetings including the Vaccines for Enteric Diseases in Spain in 2009 and the US-Japan Medical Science conference on Cholera and Enteric Disease in San Diego in 2009. Volunteers who received the lower dose (7 logs), along with an overnight fast developed diarrhea with an attack rate of >75%. Volunteers who were challenged a second time with this dose were protected from subsequent illness. Immunological assessment of the volunteers is continuing.

Update as of November 2011 Results of the first three cohorts were published in 2011 (see citation below). A fourth cohort is planned to be enrolled to evaluate the virulence of an even lower dose of 5 and 6 logs of E coli. The same procedures will be carried out as with earlier cohorts.

Update as of April 2013 Following challenge with 5 or 6 logs of strain H10407, the attack rates were lower (approximately 30%). Among those volunteers who did develop illness, the severity was the same as with higher doses. completion of these lower doses completes the dose response curve for H10407. For future challenge studies, 7 logs of H10407 with bicarbonate buffer will be used.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female between 18 and 45 years of age, inclusive.
  2. General good health, as determined by physical exam, laboratory testing, and medical history.
  3. Laboratory values within acceptable range for complete blood count (CBC), Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT), and serum creatinine as determined by PI.
  4. Demonstrate comprehension of the protocol procedures and knowledge of ETEC illness by passing a written examination (pass grade ≥ 70%)
  5. Able and willing to sign an informed consent.
  6. Available to participate for the length of the study.
  7. Female only: Females of childbearing potential will use an effective method of contraception during the study, including abstinence, hormonal contraception, barrier, implantables or injectables.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Presence of a clinically significant medical condition (including but not limited to any chronic illnesses, immunosuppressive illness, cancer, diabetes, gastrointestinal disease, such as peptic ulcer, symptoms or evidence of active gastritis or gastroesophageal reflux disease, inflammatory bowel disease)
  2. Evidence of immunoglobulin A (IgA) deficiency (serum IgA <5 or limit of detection of assay)
  3. Evidence of HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), by medical history or laboratory testing.
  4. Symptoms consistent with Traveler's Diarrhea concurrent with travel to countries where ETEC or cholera infection is endemic (most of the developing world) within two years prior to receipt of investigational agent, OR planned travel to endemic countries during the length of the trial.
  5. History of significant psychiatric illness requiring hospitalization or any suicide attempts within the past 2 years.
  6. History of significant drug or alcohol abuse requiring hospitalization or rehabilitation within the past 2 years.
  7. Evidence of significant drug abuse, as determined by the Principal Investigator, on toxicity screening.
  8. Fewer than 3 stools per week or more than 3 stools per day as the usual frequency; loose or liquid stools other than on an occasional basis.
  9. History of allergic reaction to fluoroquinolones, cotrimoxazole, or ampicillin/penicillin (excluded if allergic to two of three).
  10. History of diarrhea in the 2 weeks prior to receipt of investigational agent.
  11. Weekly use of laxatives or any agent that increases gastric pH.
  12. Use of antibiotics during the 7 days prior to receipt of investigational agent.
  13. Use of proton pump inhibitors, H2 blockers, or antacids within 48 hours of receipt of investigational agent.
  14. History of vaccination for or ingestion of ETEC, cholera, or heat labile toxin (LT) toxin within 5 years.*
  15. History of participation in prior ETEC H10407 research studies.*
  16. Use of any other investigational product within 30 days preceding the receipt of investigational agent, or planned use during the active study period.
  17. Use of any medication known to affect the immune function (e.g., corticosteroids) within 30 days preceding receipt of investigational agent or planned use during the active study period. (Topical and intra-articular steroids will not exclude subjects).
  18. Any other condition, which in the opinion of the investigator, could affect subject safety or interfere with the trial.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00844493

Locations
United States, Maryland
Center for Immunization Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Heatlh
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21205
Sponsors and Collaborators
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
PATH Vaccine Solutions
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Clayton Harro, M.D. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:

Responsible Party: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00844493     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CIR259
Study First Received: February 13, 2009
Last Updated: September 11, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health:
diarrhea
vaccine
enterotoxigenic E coli
colonization factor antigen
volunteer study

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diarrhea
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Signs and Symptoms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 02, 2014