Low-Fat Diet and Omega-Fatty Acids for Prostate Cancer Prevention

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified February 2009 by University of California, Los Angeles.
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
University of California, Los Angeles
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00836615
First received: February 3, 2009
Last updated: February 10, 2011
Last verified: February 2009
  Purpose

Men who are scheduled for radical prostatectomy are considered candidates for this study. Six weeks prior to surgery, the subject will undergo screening procedures to determine eligibility. If eligible, the subject will be randomized to one of two four-week nutrition programs - either a balanced Western Diet or a low-fat diet with fish oil capsules. The UCLA GCRC (General Clinical Research Center) chefs will prepare breakfast, lunch, and dinner, and meals will be delivered to subjects in coolers two days per week. Subjects will require a minimum of four visits to the UCLA GCRC.


Condition Intervention
Prostate Cancer
Dietary Supplement: Western Diet
Dietary Supplement: Low-fat diet

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Low-Fat Diet and Omega-Fatty Acids for Prostate Cancer Prevention

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of California, Los Angeles:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • fat acid ratio [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 70
Study Start Date: January 2006
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2011
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Western Diet
Subjects assigned to this arm will receive a western diet which will be prepared by UCLA's General Clinical Research Center and delivered 2 to 3 times per week.
Dietary Supplement: Western Diet
Western diet (prepared by General Clinical Research Center) received 2 to 3 times per week for 4 weeks.
Other Name: Diet created by General Clinical Research Center.
Experimental: Low-fat diet
A low-fat diet with fish oil capsules will be assigned to patients which will be prepared by General Clinical Research Center and delivered 2 to 3 times per week. In addition, this group will be asked to take 5 fish oil capsules per day.
Dietary Supplement: Low-fat diet
Low-fat diet with fish oil capsules (prepared by General Clinical Research Center) received 2 to 3 times per week for 4 weeks.
Other Name: Fish oil capsules: 1 g by Pharmavite Inc, Mission Hills, CA

Detailed Description:

Experiments have shown that a low fat diet high in fish oil may prevent the progression of prostate cancer. The purpose of this study is to determine if a low-fat diet combined with fish oil capsules will change the chemical substances present in blood and prostate tissue that are related to the growth of cancer cells. This study will compare how these substances are affected by either, a typical high-fat Western diet, or a low-fat diet combined with fish oil.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Has been diagnosed with adenocarcinoma (cancer)
  • Able to sign the consents to participate.
  • Is medically able to receive and comply with the dietary intervention.
  • Accessible geographically and by telephone for nutritional counseling and follow up.
  • Has elected to undergo radical prostatectomy.
  • Agrees to stop taking dietary or vitamin supplements (Lycopene, Vitamin E, selenium, genistein) or herbal supplements (eg. saw palmetto, PC-SPES) for 1 week prior to starting the study.
  • Can safely stop taking aspirin, COX-2 inhibitors, and other anti-inflammatory medications for 1 week prior to starting the study.
  • Can safely stop taking fish oil capsules 2-weeks prior to starting the diet intervention.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Is taking LHRH agonists, androgen receptor blocking agents or finasteride.
  • Has undergone bilateral orchiectomy.
  • Has a bleeding disorder.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00836615

Locations
United States, California
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, Los Angeles
Investigators
Principal Investigator: William Aronson, MD University of California, Los Angeles
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: William Aronson, MD, University of California, Los Angeles
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00836615     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 01-07-026-21, P50CA092131-01A1
Study First Received: February 3, 2009
Last Updated: February 10, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of California, Los Angeles:
Low-fat diet
Western diet
fish oil capsules
prostate cancer
UCLA
radical prostatectomy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 31, 2014