Safety of and Immune Response to a Dengue Virus Vaccine (rDEN3delta30/31‐7164) in Healthy Adults

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00831012
First received: January 27, 2009
Last updated: November 13, 2013
Last verified: November 2013
  Purpose

Dengue fever, which is caused by dengue viruses, is a major health problem in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The purpose of this study is to test the safety of and immune response to a new dengue virus vaccine in healthy adults.


Condition Intervention Phase
Dengue Fever
Biological: rDEN3delta30/31‐7164
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase I Dose Comparison Study of the Safety and Immunogenicity of rDEN3delta30/31‐7164, a Live Attenuated Virus Vaccine Candidate for the Prevention of Dengue Serotype 3

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Determine the safety of a single dose of the rDEN3Δ30/31‐7164 vaccine, as assessed by the frequency, severity, and seriousness of vaccine related adverse events (AEs). [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Determine the immunogenicity of a single dose of the rDEN3delta30/31‐7164 vaccine, as assessed by neutralizing antibody titers to DEN3 at 4 weeks and 6 weeks after vaccination [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Assess the frequency, quantity, and duration of viremia after a single dose of vaccine [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Determine the number of vaccinees infected with rDEN3delta30/31‐7164. Infection is defined as recovery of vaccine virus from the blood or serum of a volunteer and/or by seroconversion to DEN3 (a ≥4‐fold rise in DEN3 neutralizing antibody titers). [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Compare the infectivity rates, safety, and immunogenicity of a single dose of rDEN3delta30/31‐7164 vaccine between the dose level groups. [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Determine the durability of antibody response 26 weeks after vaccination [ Time Frame: At 26 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Obtain an estimate for the Human Infectious Dose‐50% (HID50) if dose dependent infectivity is observed [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Evaluate the phenotype of peripheral blood mononuclear cells at primary infection with the rDEN3delta30/31‐7164 vaccine. [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Evaluate the cellular and humoral immune response to primary infection with the rDEN3delta30/31‐7164 vaccine [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 56
Study Start Date: September 2009
Primary Completion Date: June 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Group 1
Group 1 will consist of healthy participants receiving an immunization of 10^3 PFU rDEN3delta30/31‐7164
Biological: rDEN3delta30/31‐7164
A live attenuated, recombinant DEN3 candidate vaccine virus
Experimental: Group 2

Group 2A will consist of healthy participants who will receive an immunization of 10^5 PFU of rDEN3delta30/31‐7164 vaccine or placebo. Group 2A participants will be enrolled if less that 90% of Group 1 participants seroconvert to DEN3 by Study Day 42.

Group 2B will consist of healthy participants who will receive an immunization of 10^1 PFU of rDEN3delta30/31‐7164 vaccine or placebo. Group 2B participants will be enrolled if more that 90% of Group 1 participants seroconvert to DEN3 by Study Day 42.

Biological: rDEN3delta30/31‐7164
A live attenuated, recombinant DEN3 candidate vaccine virus

Detailed Description:

More than 2 billion people living in tropical and subtropical regions of the world are at risk of dengue virus infection. Dengue viruses cause dengue fever, as well as the more severe dengue hemorrhagic fever/shock syndrome, and dengue virus infection is the leading cause of hospitalization and death in children in several tropical Asian countries. This study will evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of a live, attenuated dengue virus called rDEN3delta30/31‐7164.

This study will consist of two groups, with Group 1 enrolling first. Group 1 participants will be randomly assigned to receive either 10^3 PFU of rDEN3delta30/31-7164 or placebo subcutaneously in their deltoid. Participants will be monitored at the clinic for 30 minutes after receiving the immunization to monitor for adverse effects. After that, participants will be asked to return to the clinic approximately every other day for the next 16 days, and then on Day 21, 28, 42, and 180. At each visit participants will have physical and clinical exams, vital signs, measures, blood drawn, and will be asked about any adverse events they may have experience. Female participants will be given a pregnancy test. In addition, participants will be asked to measure their temperature 3 times a day and record it in a temperature diary for the first 16 days after immunization.

If less than 90% of the participants in Group 1 seroconvert to DEN3 then Group 2A will be enrolled. Group 2A will follow the same procedures as Group 1, but will receive a 10^5 PFU dose of rDEN3delta30/31-7164.

If more than 90% of the participants in Group 1 seroconvert to DEN3 then Group 2B will be enrolled. Group 2A will follow the same procedures as Group 1, but will receive a 10^1 PFU dose of rDEN3delta30/31-7164.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult male or non-pregnant female between 18 and 50 years of age, inclusive.
  • Good general health as determined by physical exam, laboratory screening, and review of medical history
  • Available for the duration of the study, approximately 26 weeks post‐vaccination
  • Willing to use effective means of contraception for the duration of the trial

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Evidence of clinically significant neurologic, cardiac, pulmonary, hepatic, rheumatologic, autoimmune, or renal disease by history, physical examination, and/or laboratory studies
  • Behavioral, cognitive, or psychiatric disease that in the opinion of the investigator affects the ability of the volunteer to understand and cooperate with the requirements of the study protocol
  • Grade 1 or above values for absolute neutrophil count (ANC), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and serum creatinine, as protocol defined
  • Any other condition that in the opinion of the investigator would jeopardize the safety or rights of a volunteer participating n the trial or would render the volunteer unable to comply with the protocol
  • Any significant alcohol or drug abuse in the past 12 months which has caused medical, occupational, or family problems, as indicated by volunteer history
  • History of a severe allergic reaction or anaphylaxis
  • Severe asthma (emergency room visit or hospitalization within the last 6 months)
  • Positive HIV‐1 serology by screening and confirmatory assays
  • Positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) by screening and confirmatory assays
  • Positive for hepatitis B virus (HBV) by hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) screening
  • Any known immunodeficiency syndrome
  • Use of corticosteroids (excluding topical or nasal) or immunosuppressive drugs within 30 days prior to Study Day 0
  • Receipt of a live vaccine within 4 weeks or a killed vaccine within the 2 weeks prior to Study Day 0 or anticipated receipt of any vaccine during the 42 days following Study Day 0
  • History of a surgical splenectomy
  • Receipt of blood products within the past 6 months, including transfusions or immunoglobulin or anticipated receipt of any blood products or immunoglobulin during the 42 days following Study Day 0
  • History or serologic evidence of previous dengue virus infection or other flavivirus infection (e.g., yellow fever virus, St. Louis encephalitis, West Nile virus)
  • Previous receipt of yellow fever or dengue vaccine (licensed or experimental)
  • Receipt of any investigational agent in the 30 days prior to Vaccination Day 0 or plan to participate in any investigational drug trials during the next 26 weeks
  • Definite plans to travel to a dengue endemic area
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00831012

Locations
United States, Maryland
Center for Immunization Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Investigators
Study Chair: Anna Durbin, MD Center for Immunization Research (CIR), Johns Hopkins School of Public Health
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00831012     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CIR 257
Study First Received: January 27, 2009
Last Updated: November 13, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Dengue Vaccine
Dengue Virus
Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever
Dengue Shock Syndrome

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Dengue
Arbovirus Infections
Virus Diseases
Flavivirus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hemorrhagic Fevers, Viral

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 16, 2014