Beta-blockade Effects on Memory for Cocaine Craving
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of propranolol versus placebo on responses to cocaine cues in cocaine dependent individuals.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Treatment Implications of Beta-blockade Effects on Memory for Cocaine Craving|
- Single Item Craving Test Session Difference Scores [ Time Frame: Both days of cue exposure ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Mean of the difference of Session 1 and Session 2 cocaine craving scores (Session 2-Session 1). Found by using our Single Item Craving (SIC) scale. A study team member asks the participant to verbally report the level of craving they were experiencing using values between 0 and 100, with 0 representing no craving and 100 extreme craving. The difference score was found by subtracting session 1 mean SICs during cue exposure from session 2 mean SICs during cue exposure. Therefore the mean of the difference could have ranged anywhere from -100 to 100. Negative mean difference scores reflect a decrease in craving for cocaine from session 1 (test) to session 2 (retrieval). The lower the mean difference score, the greater the decrease in craving.
|Study Start Date:||February 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Active Comparator: Propranolol 40mg||
40 mg administered once
|Placebo Comparator: Placebo||
This study will employ cocaine-dependent individuals to investigate the acute effects of propranolol vs. placebo, administered immediately after a retrieval session of cocaine cue exposure, on the subjective and physiological responses occurring during a subsequent test session of cocaine cue exposure. Participants (N=52) will be randomly assigned to receive 40 mg propranolol or placebo immediately after the first of two cocaine cue exposure sessions scheduled to occur on consecutive days of an inpatient stay at MUSC's General Clinical Research Center (GCRC). The first session will serve as a retrieval session where cocaine cue exposure will putatively elicit retrieval and reconsolidation of memories about the association between the cues and cocaine administration; the second session of cocaine cue exposure will be a test session to examine the potential modulatory role of propranolol on the reconsolidated memories putatively elicited during the previous cue exposure session. It is assumed that changes in craving and physiological reactivity during the test session will reflect propranolol's effects on memory reconsolidation processes elicited by cue exposure during the retrieval session. Medications will be administered in a double-blind fashion. Craving and physiological arousal (heart rate, skin conductance, blood pressure) will be obtained at baseline and at regular intervals during and after both cue exposure sessions. Approximately 7 days following discharge from the inpatient stay at the GCRC, participants will return to the GCRC to undergo a 1-week follow-up cue exposure session that will be identical to the previous two sessions (no medications will be administered). The goal of the follow-up will be to examine if any craving and/or physiological reactivity differences identified during the test session were sustained and to assess if the groups differed in their cocaine use during the intervening 7-day period.
|United States, South Carolina|
|Medical University of South Carolina|
|Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29425|
|Principal Investigator:||Michael Saladin, Ph.D.||Medical University of South Carolina|