Family-Staff Communication Intervention at the Time of Difficult Treatment Decision Making
The primary aim of this single site study was to assess the feasibility of implementing a staff/parent communication intervention within 72 hours of the parents making an end-of-life decision on behalf of their child.
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
|Official Title:||Family-Staff Communication Intervention at the Time of Difficult Treatment Decision Making|
- To assess the feasibility of delivering the two-part communication intervention. The definition of feasible is that 50% of all interventions are successfully implemented. [ Time Frame: 22 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2004|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Other: Parent Interview
To include the PI, Nursing Research Specialist,Clinical Research Associate or Clinical Nurse Specialist
Parents/guardians of children with incurable cancer face end-of-life decisions on behalf of their child including whether or not to enroll their child in a Phase I study, whether or not to agree to a 'do not resuscitate' status, or to begin terminal care. Descriptive research to date indicates that one of the factors that most helps parents to make these decisions and to remain satisfied with the decision afterward is their perception that they decided as a 'good parent' would decide. Parents define being a 'good parent' as making a decision that is in the best interest of their child. Parents' perception of their success in being a good parent is influenced by their interactions with the child's health care providers. Health care providers who are not fully informed about the decision and the parents' rationale for the decision are likely to convey doubt about the decision to parents and to other health care providers. Parents interpret this doubt as staff questioning the parents' ability to make good decisions. Lack of adequate information also creates staff tension. This single-site feasibility study will implement and evaluate a two-part communication intervention designed to identify parents' definition of being a good parent, and to communicate this definition and the rationale for the parents' decision to staff. The intervention will be implemented in 60 to 80 end-of-life clinical care situations in which parents have made a decision on behalf of a child who is still living. The feasibility study is guided by the Pediatric Quality of Life at End of Life model. The parent/guardian intervention includes a face-to-face interview with parents regarding their definition of a 'good parent' and their basis for the decision they made. Parents/guardians will be interviewed within 72 hours after making the end of life decision and again 1 to 3 weeks after making the decision. Health care professionals assigned to the terminally ill child will receive the communication intervention within hours of the parent interview, and will evaluate its usefulness 1 to 2 weeks after receiving it.
1.1 To assess the feasibility of delivering the two-part communication intervention. The definition of feasible is that 50% of all interventions are successfully implemented.
1.1.1 To identify all three types of difficult treatment decisions within the defined time frame (thus identifying eligible parents/guardians and obtaining consent within 72 hours after the decision was made), document the study team's ability to successfully implement the intervention before the child's death (obtaining the parent/guardian information and sharing that with the defined staff such that the family achieves the definition of being fully evaluable as a study participant), and document the participation rate by tracking the number of eligible parents/guardians who agree to participate, decline to participate or withdraw from the study.
1.2: To assess staff perceptions of the impact of the communication intervention on staff 1 to 2 weeks after the intervention.
1.2.1 to measure: a) staff recall of the definition of a good parent and the rationale for the decision; b) staff perception of how this knowledge influenced their care for the family; c) staff satisfaction with the verbal and written communication intervention forms; and d) the impact of the communication intervention on team tension and team communication about the parents' decisions.
1.3: To assess the impact of the communication on parents/guardians by recording their perceptions of the positive and negative aspects of the intervention at the time of the intervention and 1 to 3 weeks after the decision making.
|United States, Tennessee|
|St. Jude Children's Research Hospital|
|Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38105|
|Principal Investigator:||Pamela S Hinds, PhD, RN||St. Jude Children's Research Hospital|