Trial of Septra for Uncomplicated Skin Abscesses in Patients at Risk for Community Acquired Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
U.S. Air Force Office of the Surgeon General
Emergency Medicine Foundation
Information provided by:
Wilford Hall Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00822692
First received: January 13, 2009
Last updated: July 29, 2009
Last verified: July 2009
  Purpose

Patients will be enrolled in a multi-center study (WHMC and BAMC) to prospectively evaluate outcome after treatment for an uncomplicated skin abscess. All patients will receive incision and drainage and wound cultures. Patients will then be randomized to 1) septra DS two pills PO BID x 7 days or 2)placebo. Patients will then return to the ER on days 3 and 7 for wound repacking and evaluation. The primary outcome recurrence rates within 30 days of treatment. Patients who are not improving at the following visit will then be treated with additional antibiotics if needed. Data will be analyzed both by initial randomization and intention to treat.


Condition Intervention
Abscess
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection
Drug: Septra DS
Drug: placebo

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Prospective Randomized Double Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Septra for Uncomplicated Skin Abscesses in Patients at Risk for Community Acquired Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection on 30 Day Recurrence Rates.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Wilford Hall Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Recurrence Rates of Abscesses [ Time Frame: 30 days after incision and drainage ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 139
Study Start Date: April 2008
Study Completion Date: June 2009
Primary Completion Date: June 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Bactrim DS (800/160) two tablets PO BID x 7 days
bactrim DS (800/160) two tablets PO BID x 7 days
Drug: Septra DS
bactrim DS (800/160) two tablets PO BID x 7 days
Placebo Comparator: matched placebo 2 pills PO BID x 7 days
matched placebo 2 pills PO BID x 7 days
Drug: placebo
matched placebo 2 pills PO BID x 7 days

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All patients age 18-65 who present to the emergency department with a skin abscess that requires incision and drainage.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with diabetes, HIV, cancer or other immunocompromised patients.
  • Additionally, any patients who received antibiotics within one week of presentation or were hospitalized in previous month will be excluded to minimize potential confounding variables.
  • Pregnant and breastfeeding patients will also be excluded due to possible safety concerns with antibiotic treatment.
  • Patients with abscesses on head, face, perirectal, or periananal regions, abscesses with known tracks or fistulas to deeper structures, or abscesses requiring surgical drainage in an operating room are excluded.
  • Finally, patients with sulfa allergy will be excluded.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00822692

Locations
United States, Texas
Wilford Hall Medical Center
Lackland AFB, Texas, United States, 78236
Sponsors and Collaborators
Wilford Hall Medical Center
U.S. Air Force Office of the Surgeon General
Emergency Medicine Foundation
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Gillian R Schmitz Wilford Hall Medical Center
  More Information

No publications provided by Wilford Hall Medical Center

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Gillian Schmitz, MD, Wilford Hall Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00822692     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: FWH20080055H
Study First Received: January 13, 2009
Results First Received: July 29, 2009
Last Updated: July 29, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Wilford Hall Medical Center:
Abscess
Cellulitis
Antibiotics
MRSA

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Abscess
Staphylococcal Infections
Suppuration
Infection
Inflammation
Pathologic Processes
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Methicillin
Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole Combination
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary
Renal Agents
Antimalarials
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 15, 2014