Autologous Cytokine Induced Killer Cells (CIK) for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) Patients on Standard Drug Therapy
This is an extension of our ongoing clinical trial using ex vivo expanded autologous Cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells as an adoptive cellular immunotherapy for haematological malignancies. The pre-existing clinical trial targets patient with acute myeloid leukemia or MDS, and relapsed disease post allogeneic transplant.
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a disease with good response to kinase inhibitors. There are however patients in transformed phase of the disease who do not respond to these treatment. A small proportion of patients with response to Imatinib may develop mutations resulting in drug resistance. In addition, the vast majority of patients with a good response to the kinase inhibitors still have persistent CML cells detectable at a molecular level. It is known that the CML progenitors are not sensitive to the kinase inhibitors. On the other hand, immune mediated mechanism is known to be able to eradicate CML as shown by efficacy of donor lymphocyte infusion in the allogeneic transplant setting. Early clinical trials have shown clearance of bcr-abl using peptide vaccination. There is also convincing mouse data showing eradication of CML at molecular level by autologous CIK cells, but no clinical trial has been done using CIK cells for CML.
We therefore plan to expand our current CIK trial to include CML as a disease, for CML patients with various degree of response to the kinase inhibitors which have already offered its maximal effect. We aim to study whether autologous CIK cells may further improve disease response, either in the eradiation of minimal residual disease, or in conjunction with chemotherapy for control of high tumour load disease.
Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
Biological: Autologous CIK cell infusion
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Autologous Cytokine Induced Killer Cells as Adjuvant Adoptive Immunotherapy in Patients With Chronic Myeloid Leukemia on Standard Drug Therapy|
- response of CML to Cytokine induced killer cell therapy [ Time Frame: 6 -12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Sustainability of the response [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||December 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Biological: Autologous CIK cell infusion
Patients with CML falls into various groups based on their disease stage and response to kinase inhibitors. In the context of currently available kinase inhibitors, allogeneic transplant and the various available new drug trials, there are still some patients who will not achieve a satisfactory or sustainable response. For such patients, we aim to employ CIK cell as an immunotherapeutic modality concurrent with their original CML-specific therapy. This will enable us to explore any additional activity of CIK cells against CML without any compromise to their ongoing, established treatment.
The following groups of patients are potential candidates:
- Blast crisis / accelerated phase patients who have failed to response to the kinase inhibitors but are fit to undergo induction chemotherapy as for the acute leukemia. Repeated cycles of CIK will be given in phase with the planned chemotherapy cycles, to observe for achievement of any remission and its durability.
- Blast crisis / accelerated phase patients who have achieved a haematological or cytogenetic response to the kinase inhibitors, but do not have further definitive curative options eg allogeneic transplant. In the absence of long term data with Dasatinib or Nilotinib , it is justifiable to study the efficacy of addition of CIK therapy to their baseline best response achievable with drug therapy.
- Patients with resistance to the currently available kinase inhibitors due to T315I mutation or other undefined mutations, with progressive relapse either at molecular, cytogenetic or haematological level, and do not have transplant as a curative option. In this group of patients additional of CIK to current treatment will show any activity of CIK against the drug-resistant mutant CML cells.
- Patients who have achieved a stable but residual molecular evidence of CML, who are willing to explore additional means with a hope to eradication of MRD. Since the role of immunotherapy is most relevant in MRD, CIK infusion will provide the proof of principal observation of whether imatinib-resistant CML Philadelphia stem cells can be eradicated by these ex vivo activated and expanded cytotoxic T cells.
|Dept of Haematology, Singapore General Hospital|
|Singapore, Singapore, 169608|
|Principal Investigator:||Yeh Ching Linn, MBBS, MRCP||Singapore General Hospital|