Resiniferatoxin to Treat Severe Pain Associated With Advanced Cancer

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified August 2014 by Sorrento Therapeutics, Inc.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sorrento Therapeutics, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00804154
First received: December 5, 2008
Last updated: August 27, 2014
Last verified: August 2014
  Purpose

This study will examine the safety of giving the experimental drug, resiniferatoxin (RTX), to treat severe pain in patients with advanced cancer. RTX is a chemical extracted from a cactus-like plant. It is similar to capsaicin, the active ingredient in hot pepper. RTX has relieved pain and reduced the need for pain medication in several animal experiments. It works by destroying nerves that transmit pain information.

People 18 years of age with severe pain from advanced cancer that cannot be controlled with standard treatments may be eligible for this study. Participants undergo the following procedures:

Pretreatment Visit

Before beginning treatment with RTX, patients give a medical history and undergo a physical examination that includes:

  • Electrocardiogram (EKG)
  • Blood draw
  • Eye examination
  • Pregnancy test, when appropriate
  • Questionnaires to collect information on health, personality, mood, pain levels and symptoms.

    2-Day Hospitalization

Patients are hospitalized for 2 days for RTX injection and monitoring, as follows:

  • RTX injection: RTX is injected in the operating room under general anesthesia. It is given through a catheter placed in the patient s spine. The catheter is also used to obtain samples of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) the clear fluid that bathes the spinal cord. The fluid is examined to assess drug effects and side effects, chemical changes in the content of the CSF associated with RTX, and how RTX is handled by the body.
  • Post-injection monitoring, including:
  • Surveys about symptoms such as pain or weakness
  • Neurological examinations
  • Blood and CSF sampling
  • EKG

(The first two patients enrolled in the study are hospitalized for 4 days and receive two injections: a very low dose of drug on day 1 and a higher, potentially more effective dose on day 3. Some of the examinations, questionnaires and CSF sampling are repeated after the second injection.)

Outpatient followup

  • Blood draw, neurological and sensory testing, EKG on days 7, 14 and 30 after the injection
  • MRI scans of the head and back on day 14 after the injection
  • Eye examination
  • Follow-up phone calls monthly for 6 months

Condition Intervention Phase
Pain/Cancer
Pain, Intractable
Drug: (Resiniferatoxin)(RTX)
Drug: Intrathecal Resiniferatoxin
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of the Intrathecal Administration of Resiniferatoxin for Treating Severe Refractory Pain Associated With Advanced Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Sorrento Therapeutics, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Phase I trial to demonstrate the safety of administering resiniferatoxin (RTX) directly into the human CNS (fluid bathing the spinal cord). [ Time Frame: 6 months from treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Confirm that injection of RTX in CNS has pain-relieving properties (analgesia) resulting in lower pain scores, improvements in quality of life, and possibly opioid sparing properties in patients with refractory pain. [ Time Frame: 6 months from treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: December 2008
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: (Resiniferatoxin)(RTX)
    N/A
    Drug: Intrathecal Resiniferatoxin
    N/A
Detailed Description:

Pain continues to be a major problem in patients with advanced cancer. Resiniferatoxin (RTX), a potent member of the family of drugs that includes capsaicin, selectively and irreversibly destroys the neurons (or their axons) transmitting chronic pain sensation. Intrathecal injection of RTX in several animal species has demonstrated a high level of safety, specificity, and efficacy in treating severe pain. This first-in-human, dose-escalation study will investigate the intrathecal administration of RTX in cancer patients with severe pain.

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the safety and efficacy of RTX administered intrathecally in subjects with severe refractory pain associated with advanced cancer.

STUDY POPULATION:

Up to 45 subjects will be accrued as described in Section 8.5. Eligible subjects will be greater than or equal to 18 years of age, have a clinical and histological diagnosis of advanced malignancy, and have severe pain due to malignancy that is at or below the level of the chest and not adequately relieved by other pain control therapies.

DESIGN:

This will be a single-site, non-randomized, open-label, dose-escalation study using a modified Fibonacci scheme. The starting dose of RTX will be 13 micro g. Doses will then be increased in progressively smaller percentage increments. Dose escalation will occur in sequential groups of 3 subjects until 1 escalation above the effective dose in 100% of subjects (ED100), completion of the 100 mcg dose level, or establishment of the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), whichever occurs first. The total duration of study participation for any subject will be up to 7 months.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

The primary study outcome is the ED100, the MTD, or the maximum dose administered, whichever is achieved first during dose escalation. The primary pain variable for determining the ED100 is the daily worst pain score averaged over a 7-day period during the 3 weeks before RTX dosing and during Days 8 through 14 after dosing. The numerical rating scale (NRS), administered verbally during a daily telephone interview, will be the primary pain assessment instrument. For a given subject, the treatment will be considered effective if the subject experiences a greater than or equal to 50% reduction in the mean daily worst pain score assessed by NRS.

Secondary outcome measures will be other surveys of pain, including an assessment of worst daily pain by the visual analog scale, and assessments of function and quality of life.

Safety assessments will include hematology; serum clinical chemistry tests; cerebrospinal fluid examinations; physical, neurological, and eye examinations; reporting of adverse events; electrocardiograms; and findings of magnetic resonance imaging of the spine and brain.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Patient inclusion criteria are based on inadequate control of pain despite best efforts including appropriate use of medication(s). Thus, criteria include the following:

  1. Age 18 years or older.
  2. Clinical and histological diagnosis of cancer with disease that has not adequately responded to standard therapies. A pathology report documenting malignancy is required.
  3. Subject not currently seeking or receiving potentially curative therapies for cancer (e.g., chemotherapy or immunotherapy). Curative cancer therapy may be sought after the Day 15 clinic visit, and palliative anti-tumor therapy is allowed as long as the subject was established on that therapy prior to enrollment (see exclusion criterion 7).
  4. Mean daily worst pain NRS score of greater than or equal to 6 for pain at or below the T6 dermatome (level of the chest) that is associated with a malignant disease. The mean score must be derived from recordings on at least 4 of 7 consecutive days within 3 weeks preceding treatment.
  5. Alternative methods of pain control are not sufficiently effective, not indicated, not tolerated, and/or refused by the subject, as determined by the Pain and Palliative Care Service (PPCS). Alternative methods of pain control include, but are not limited to, the following:

    Opioids (oral, IV, transcutaneous, rectal, intramuscular, subcutaneous, inhaled, nasal, or sublingual routes of administration)

    Adjuvant pain medications such as antidepressants, corticosteroids, local anesthetics, and antiseizure medications

    Procedures such as catheter or implantable pump placement for delivery of analgesic medication or neurolytic interventions (including intercostal, superior hypogastric, or celiac plexus blocks)

    Complementary medicine approaches

    Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation

    Radiation therapy

  6. Reasonable expectation that the subject will be able to complete the study through the 30-day follow-up.
  7. Medical clearance from referring physician(s), including a statement indicating an adequate recovery period from other previous trials/medication.
  8. Formal review of the subject s medical records and written approval for his/her inclusion in the study by 3 separate persons:

    Principal Investigator (PI) or an Associate Investigator (AI)

    Medical oncologist or oncologic surgeon

    A member of the PPCS

  9. International normalized ratio (INR; from prothrombin time [PT]) < 1.5 and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) less than or equal to the upper limit of the reference range. The INR and PTT may be corrected (e.g., by administration of blood products, vitamin K, etc.), provided a repeat blood draw confirms that the values meet this inclusion criterion.
  10. Platelet count greater than or equal to 50,000/mm3. Platelets will be transfused as necessary to raise the platelet count to greater than or equal to 100,000/mm3 prior to dosing.
  11. Ability to stop any anticoagulant (e.g., Coumadin) and antiplatelet therapies (e.g., aspirin) before and during intrathecal catheter placement according to accepted medical guidelines.
  12. Ability and willingness to undergo a complete eye examination.
  13. Ability to read, speak, and understand English, and willingness to complete the study tools and forms.
  14. For women of childbearing potential and men with partners of childbearing potential, the ability and willingness to use an effective method of contraception during the study. Effective methods of birth control include:

    1. hormonal contraception (birth control pills, injected hormones, or vaginal ring),
    2. intrauterine device,
    3. barrier methods (condom or diaphragm) combined with spermicide, or
    4. surgical sterilization (hysterectomy, tubal ligation, or vasectomy).
  15. Availability of a responsible adult to live with the subject through the Day 15 visit.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Subjects will be excluded from the study if they meet any of the following criteria:

  1. Moderate or severe pain, as determined by questioning at screening, involving anatomical regions of the T5 dermatome or above.
  2. Pain due to causes other than cancer or its treatment that is moderate to severe in intensity.
  3. Anatomic abnormality or pathology of the spinal cord and/or intrathecal space on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) that could increase the risk of adverse effects of intrathecal catheter placement or interfere with CSF flow.
  4. Evidence of advanced brain pathology or elevated intracranial pressure as determined by symptoms, history, physical examination (including neurological and eye examination), and/or MRI.
  5. Presence of an intrathecal shunt device (e.g., ventriculo-peritoneal and ventriculo-atrial shunts).
  6. Anticipating initiation of palliative anti-tumor therapy or significant changes to current palliative anti-tumor therapy before completion of the Day 15 visit.
  7. Documented allergy to chili peppers or capsaicin (e.g., hives, wheal).
  8. Contraindication to MRI or MRI contrast.
  9. Female subjects who are pregnant or lactating.
  10. Clinically significant disorder or condition that might interfere with study participation or greatly increase safety risk to the subject, as judged by a study investigator.
  11. Planned use of another investigational agent, therapy, or device within 30 days after dosing.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00804154

Contacts
Contact: Rene K Smith, R.N. Not Listed SNBrecruiting@nih.gov

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office (PRPL)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010    prpl@mail.cc.nih.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sorrento Therapeutics, Inc.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: John D Heiss, M.D. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: Sorrento Therapeutics, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00804154     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 090039, 09-N-0039
Study First Received: December 5, 2008
Last Updated: August 27, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Sorrento Therapeutics, Inc.:
Pain
Vanilloid
Capsaicin
Cancer Pain
Resiniferatoxin

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pain, Intractable
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Pain
Signs and Symptoms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 22, 2014