A Trial of DB289 for the Treatment of Stage I African Trypanosomiasis

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Information provided by:
Immtech Pharmaceuticals, Inc
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00802594
First received: December 3, 2008
Last updated: December 4, 2008
Last verified: December 2008
  Purpose

Human African Trypanosomiasis or sleeping sickness has made a spectacular return during the last decade, and in many places the demand largely surpasses the capacities of the treatment centers. Treatment of the disease remains unsatisfactory. All currently used drugs must be administered parenterally, treatment is lengthy, and adverse drug reactions frequent. There are currently no drugs which might be used as a tool to support disease control that is easily administered and has low toxicity.

This study aims to assess the efficacy of DB289, a new, oral drug for treatment of first stage sleeping sickness. The project will be executed in the framework of an international consortium consisting of more than a dozen partners from academia, industry, and the Ministries of Health of Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo.


Condition Intervention Phase
Trypanosomiasis, African
Drug: DB289
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II A Trial of DB289 for the Treatment of Stage I African Trypanosomiasis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Immtech Pharmaceuticals, Inc:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary efficacy endpoint is the parasitological cure 24 hours after completion of treatment. [ Time Frame: Day 7 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • The primary outcome measure for safety analysis will be the rate of occurrence of Grade 3 or higher adverse events during the observation period. [ Time Frame: Day 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • A secondary endpoint is the parasitological cure 3, 6, 12, 24 months after completion of treatment. [ Time Frame: 3, 6, 12, 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • The secondary outcome measure will be the incidence rate of adverse events (all Grades combined) during the observation period (as compared to literature values for pentamidine). [ Time Frame: Day 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: August 2001
Study Completion Date: November 2004
Primary Completion Date: August 2002 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: DB289 Drug: DB289
A single 100 mg DB289 capsule will be taken by mouth twice a day, morning and evening. Drug is to be taken with a glass of water within 15 minutes of the completion of meal.
Other Name: pafuramidine maleate

Detailed Description:

This is a single-center, open label, non-controlled Phase IIa trial. Patients with first stage T.b. gambiense sleeping sickness will receive 100 mg of DB289 orally twice a day for 5 days. Subjects meeting entry criteria will be enrolled at a single site.

A total of 30 patients will be enrolled in this trial. Enrollment is planned to begin third quarter 2001 and be completed in 2-3 months.

The study will be conducted at the Trypanosomiasis Reference Center, Viana (ICCT), Angola, and at the Trypanosomiasis Treatment Center in Maluku, Congo.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. The patient has early stage T. b. gambiense infection i.e. parasitologically confirmed infection in the blood or lymph and less than or equal to 5 WBC mm-3 detected in the CSF by microscopic examination
  2. Patient is 16 years old or more
  3. Patient has a minimal weight of 45 kilograms
  4. If patient is female of child bearing potential (a women will be considered of non-child bearing potential only if she has been post menopausal for over 2 years or has had a hysterectomy), she is not lactating, she had a negative urine pregnancy test result within 24 hours prior to DB289 treatment and she agrees to use a medically proven method of contraception (abstinence from sexual intercourse acceptable) from the day of consent on until 7 Days after DB289 treatment completion (Study Day 12).
  5. Patient has signed the Informed Consent. If the patient is minor, a legal guardian has signed the Informed Consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. The patient has late stage T.b. gambiense infection i.e. presence of parasite in the CSF upon microscopic examination, or a positive (titer greater than 1/4) latex / IgM test, or a positive latex / T.b.g.
  2. Active clinically relevant medical conditions that in the Investigator opinion may jeopardize subject safety or interfere with participation in the study, including but not limited to: significant liver diseases, chronic pulmonary diseases, significant cardiovascular diseases or significant ECG anomaly such as elongated QTc (corrected) interval above 430 msec for men or above 450 msec for women, diabetes, thyroid diseases, gout, infection including known HIV infection, CNS trauma or seizure disorders.
  3. Clinically significant abnormal laboratory value at screening including:

    • Prothrombin Time > 1.25 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Liver enzyme AST and ALT > 2 times ULN
    • Total bilirubin > 1.5 times ULN
    • Serum Creatinine > 1.5 times ULN
  4. Traumatic lumbar puncture (i.e. red blood cells visible in CSF)
  5. Coma Score of less than 9 on the Glasgow Coma Scale (Appendix 8)
  6. Withdrawal of consent at any time during the study
  7. Any condition which compromises ability to communicate with the investigator as required for the completion of this study.
  8. The subject has been previously treated for African Trypanosomiasis.
  9. The subject has been previously enrolled in the study.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00802594

Locations
Angola
Laboratory of Reference and Investigation, Viana, ICCT
Bairro Ingombota, Luanda, Angola, CP 2657-C
Congo
Programme National de Lutte contre la Trypanosomiase
Kinshasa, Gombe, Congo
Sponsors and Collaborators
Immtech Pharmaceuticals, Inc
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Investigators
Study Director: Christian Burri, MSc, PhD Swiss Tropical & Public Health Institute
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Christian Burri, MSc, PhD., Swiss Tropical Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00802594     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 289-C-003
Study First Received: December 3, 2008
Last Updated: December 4, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Immtech Pharmaceuticals, Inc:
first stage
T.b. gambiense
sleeping sickness
Patients with first stage T.b. gambiense sleeping sickness

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Trypanosomiasis
Trypanosomiasis, African
Euglenozoa Infections
Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014