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Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), Sleepiness, and Activity in Diabetes Management (OSA_DM)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eileen R. Chasens, University of Pittsburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00801892
First received: December 3, 2008
Last updated: February 11, 2014
Last verified: February 2014
  Purpose

Daily physical activity is important to achieve glucose control in persons with type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this study is to explore if obstructive sleep apnea and its daytime symptom, excessive sleepiness, act as barriers to physical activity. We will examine if treatment of obstructive sleep apnea with continuous positive airway pressure results in increased physical activity in persons with type 2 diabetes.


Condition Intervention Phase
Sleep Apnea, Obstructive
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Device: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)
Device: Sham- Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (Sham-CPAP)
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: OSA, Sleepiness, and Activity in Diabetes Management

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Pittsburgh:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The Primary Outcome Variable of the Study, Physical Activity, Will be Measured by the Bodymedia SenseWear Pro Armband® to Determine Physical Activity Levels. [ Time Frame: after one-month treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Glucose Variability Will be Measured by a Continuous Glucose Monitoring System (CGMS) (Guardian: Medtronic-MiniMed, Northridge, CA). [ Time Frame: after one-month ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 23
Study Start Date: April 2009
Study Completion Date: April 2012
Primary Completion Date: April 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 1 subjects treated with CPAP
subjects with T2DM and OSA who are treated with CPAP
Device: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)
Worn over nose to splint open the airway and prevent the subject from holding their breath (apneas).
Sham Comparator: 2 subjects treated with sham-CPAP
subjects with T2DM and OSA who are treated with sham-CPAP
Device: Sham- Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (Sham-CPAP)
Worn over nose to splint open the airway and prevent the subject from holding their breath (apneas).

Detailed Description:

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a serious disorder characterized by episodic obstruction of the pharyngeal airway accompanied by cessation or reduction in airflow. Untreated OSA has a negative impact 24 hours a day, disrupting nighttime sleep and causing excessive daytime sleepiness that interferes with functioning. Recent studies suggest that OSA and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) not only co-exist but that OSA may adversely affect glucose homeostasis. While physical activity is recognized as beneficial to persons with T2DM, OSA severity or daytime sleepiness may act to hinder persons with T2DM from participating in physical activity. The primary aim of this pilot/feasibility study is to obtain preliminary data to facilitate further hypothesis development and enhance the feasibility of conducting a double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study to examine physical activity in subjects with T2DM and OSA who are treated with CPAP compared to subjects on sham-CPAP. The secondary aims are to explore: 1) the interrelationships of OSA severity, daytime sleepiness, and physical activity on glucose variability at baseline; 2) average pre-post therapy changes in glucose variability in subjects treated with CPAP compared to subjects receiving sham-CPAP, and 3) pre to post therapy changes in weight, diet, residual sleepiness and mood in subjects treated with CPAP compared to subjects receiving sham-CPAP.

The primary endpoint of the study, physical activity, will be measured by the Bodymedia SenseWear Pro Armband® to determine activity counts. The endpoint for glucose variability will be measured by the Medtronic Continuous Glucose Monitoring System (CGMS). Adherence to CPAP will be measured by a Smart Card® inserted in subjects' CPAP machines. We will limit the sample of subjects who are randomized to CPAP or sham-CPAP to persons with an adequate sleep duration pre-treatment (> 6 hours), with moderate or severe OSA and with EDS to have a more homogenous, profoundly affected sample for this pilot study. The information that will result from the proposed study on of the effect of OSA and EDS on glucose variability has the potential to lead to the development of improved behavioral interventions in persons with diabetes. In addition, this study contains measures of diet and mood to begin to elucidate the possible effects of OSA and EDS on diabetes management.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • T2DM (verified by primary care provider (PCP) or medication for T2DM)
  • AHI (from PSG) greater than > 15
  • A1c < 9.0%
  • Epworth Sleepiness Sca;e > 10 (Baseline Assessment)
  • Able to ambulate independently or with a cane
  • Age 40-65 years
  • BMI< 45
  • No acute medical and psychiatric illness in past 3 months
  • Self-reported sleep duration of at least 6 hours
  • No changes in medications, including diabetic medications, in last 3 months
  • Telephone access
  • Able to perform study tests (e.g., speak, read and write in English)
  • Willing to be randomized to CPAP or sham-CPAP

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of another sleep disorder, in addition to OSA,
  • Oxygen or Bi-level positive airway pressure required for treatment of OSA
  • An oxygen saturation <75% for >10% of the diagnostic PSG or if subject has oxygen saturation <75% for >25% of the first 4 h of the diagnostic PSG
  • Any individual in the household currently or with history of CPAP treatment
  • Type 1 or gestational diabetes
  • Prescribed insulin for treatment of type 2 diabetes
  • Regular use (> 3 times/week) of hypnotic or alerting medications
  • History of a near-miss or automobile accident due to sleepiness
  • Employed in transportation-related safety sensitive occupation such as an airline pilot, truck driver, or train engineer
  • Currently working night or rotating shifts
  • Routine consumption of alcohol as determined by >2 drinks day
  • Known allergy to medical adhesives or dermatological conditions that would preclude wearing CGMS
  • Swim or water aerobics >once a week
  • Participation in contact sports or activity that may damage CGMS device or cause injury from monitor
  • Claustrophobia that prevents wearing the CPAP mask
  • Pregnancy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00801892

Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15261
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pittsburgh
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Eileen R. Chasens, DSN University of Pittsburgh
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Eileen R. Chasens, Associate Professor, University of Pittsburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00801892     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R21 HL089522-01A2
Study First Received: December 3, 2008
Results First Received: February 11, 2014
Last Updated: February 11, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board University of Pittsburgh

Keywords provided by University of Pittsburgh:
daytime sleepiness
obstructive sleep apnea
type 2 diabetes mellitus
diabetes management

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Apnea
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Sleep Apnea Syndromes
Sleep Apnea, Obstructive
Dyssomnias
Endocrine System Diseases
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory
Sleep Disorders
Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 27, 2014