Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass Versus Sleeve Gastrectomy to Treat Morbid Obesity (SLEEVEPASS)
Bariatric surgery in the treatment of morbid obesity is associated with long-term weight-loss and decreased overall mortality. Long-term results have been reported for laparoscopic gastric bypass procedures but the long-term results of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy are yet unavailable. As sleeve gastrectomy is a rapid and less traumatic procedure with good short-term results of weight loss and resolution of comorbidities, the investigators initiated a prospective randomized two-center study comparing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG)with laparoscopic gastric bypass (LGB) in the treatment of morbid obesity. Study hypothesis: As sleeve gastrectomy is less traumatic, easier and faster to perform compared with gastric bypass,LSG could become the procedure of choice to treat morbid obesity if the long-term results of weight loss and resolution of comorbidities are comparable with laparoscopic gastric bypass.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||A Randomized Prospective Three-center Study: Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass vs. Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy in the Treatment of Morbid Obesity|
- Resolution of comorbidities [ Time Frame: 3,6,12,18 months, 2,3,5,7,10,15 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Excessive weight loss [ Time Frame: 3,6,12,18 months, 2,3,5,7,10,15 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Mortality [ Time Frame: 0 - 15 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Morbidity [ Time Frame: 0 - 15 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- QOL (15D and BAROS) [ Time Frame: 3,6,12,18 months, 2,3,5,7,10,15 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
|Study Start Date:||April 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
In addition to comparing the outcomes between sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass, the study project includes a PET trial conducted in Turku. The objectives of this PET study are to measure effect of obesity on food-stimuli mediated brain activation response and on hormones affecting both feeding and energy balance. In the second part the same variables are studied after bariatric surgery: either laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. In addition the effect of weight loss due to bariatric surgery on glucose uptake and free fatty acid metabolism is measured. The objective is also to study whether less invasive sleeve gastrectomy is as beneficial in terms of weight loss and co-morbid diseases as more invasive Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and to compare the risk factors between these two surgical procedures. Regional glucose uptake and free fatty acid uptake in myocardium, skeletal muscle, subcutaneous fat, visceral fat, pancreas, liver and brain are studied with PET at baseline before bariatric surgery and post-operatively on the 3rd month. Changes in body fat distribution, in ectopic fat and fat content of key organs are investigated with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Brain reward system response to food stimuli is assessed using functional MRI (fMRI) and white and grey matter volumes using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI).
The study consists of 80 morbidly obese adults, BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2 or if there is additional risk factor BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2. From these subjects, 40 are further studied with positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In addition functional MRI (fMRI) will be performed for 40 subjects. For fMRI, a control group is recruited consisting of 20 lean and healthy subjects. Subjects are physically examined and anthropometric data are measured along with blood sampling.
|Department of Surgery, Turku University Central Hospital|
|Turku, Finland, 20520|
|Turku University Hospital, PET-center|
|Vaasa Central Hospital|
|Principal Investigator:||Paulina Salminen, MD, PhD||Turku Univeristy Central Hospital|
|Principal Investigator:||Jari Ovaska, Md, PhD||University of Turku|
|Principal Investigator:||Mikael Victorzon, MD, PhD||Vaasa Central Hospital, Vaasa, Finland|