Aliskiren HCTZ Compared to Amlodipine in Patients With Stage 2 Systolic Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus (ASTRIDE)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Novartis
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00787605
First received: November 5, 2008
Last updated: May 20, 2011
Last verified: May 2011
  Purpose

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the blood pressure lowering effect and safety of aliskiren in combination with Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) given to diabetic patients with stage 2 systolic hypertension (mean sitting systolic blood pressure (msSBP) ≥ 160 mm Hg and < 200 mm Hg).


Condition Intervention Phase
Hypertension
Diabetes Mellitus
Drug: Amlodipine
Drug: Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)
Drug: Aliskiren
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An 8-week Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Aliskiren HCTZ (300/25 mg) Compared to Amlodipine (10 mg) in Patients With Stage 2 Systolic Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Novartis:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in Mean Sitting Systolic Blood Pressure (msSBP) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in Mean Sitting Diastolic Blood Pressure (msDBP) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of Responders [ Time Frame: Week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Response defined by mean sitting Systolic Blood Pressure < 130 mm Hg or a reduction of mean sitting Systolic Blood Pressure >= 20 mm Hg from baseline

  • Percentage of Patients Achieving Blood Pressure Control [ Time Frame: after 8 weeks of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood pressure control is defined as patient achieving a target Blood Pressure of mean sitting Systolic BloodPressure / mean sitting Diastolic Blood Pressure < 130/80 mmHg.

  • Biomarker Measurements [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Geometric mean of the post to baseline ratio in biomarkers of plasma renin activity (ng/ml/h), plasma renin concentration (ng/L), and cystatin C (mg/L)

  • Evaluate the Safety and Tolerability [ Time Frame: after 8 weeks of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Percentage of patients with Adverse Event and percentage of patients with edema


Enrollment: 860
Study Start Date: November 2008
Study Completion Date: January 2010
Primary Completion Date: January 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Amlodipine
Amlodipine 5 mg for 1 week followed by Amlodipine 10 mg for 7 weeks
Drug: Amlodipine
Amlodipine 5 mg for 1 week followed by Amlodipine 10 mg for 7 weeks
Experimental: Aliskiren / HCTZ
Aliskiren / HCTZ 150/12.5 mg for 1 week followed by 300/25 mg for 7 weeks
Drug: Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)
Hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg for 1 week followed by Hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg for 7 weeks
Drug: Aliskiren
Aliskiren 150 mg for 1 week followed by Aliskiren 300 mg for 7 weeks

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

  1. Male or female outpatients ≥ 18 years old.
  2. Patients with a diagnosis of stage 2 hypertension (defined as an office cuff msSBP ≥ 160 mmHg and < 200 mmHg) at Visit 5 (randomization).
  3. Patients with diabetes mellitus (Type 2) with an HbA1c at visit 1 ≤ 9.0 % and currently on stable anti-diabetic regimen or stable diet and exercise for at least 4 weeks prior to visit 1.
  4. Patients who are eligible and able to participate in the study, and who are willing to give written informed consent before any assessment is performed.

Exclusion criteria:

  1. Office blood pressure measured by cuff (msSBP ≥ 200 mmHg or msDBP ≥ 110 mmHg) at Visits 1-5.
  2. History or evidence of secondary hypertension of any etiology (e.g., uncorrected renal artery stenosis, pheochromocytoma).
  3. History of hypertensive encephalopathy or heart failure (NYHA Class II-IV).
  4. Cerebrovascular accident, transient ischemic cerebral attack (TIA), coronary bypass surgery, myocardial infarction or any percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) within 1 year prior to Visit 1.
  5. Serum sodium less than the lower limit of normal, serum potassium < 3.5 mEq/L (corresponding to 3.5 mmol/L) or ≥ 5.3 mEq/L (corresponding to 5.3 mmol/L), or dehydration at Visit 1.
  6. Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women, where pregnancy is defined as the state of a female after conception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by a positive hCG laboratory test (> 5 mIU/mL).
  7. Use of other investigational drugs within 30 days of enrollment.
  8. History of hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or to drugs belonging to the same therapeutic class (thiazide diuretics, renin inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, or dihydropyridine like calcium channel blockers) as the study drugs.
  9. History of gouty arthritis.
  10. Long QT syndrome or QTc > 450 msec for males and > 470 msec for females at screening.
  11. History of malignancy of any organ system (other than localized basal cell carcinoma of the skin), treated or untreated, within the past 5 years, regardless of whether there is evidence of local recurrence or metastases.
  12. Women of child-bearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant including women whose career, lifestyle, or sexual orientation precludes intercourse with a male partner and women whose partners have been sterilized by vasectomy or other means, UNLESS they are using two birth control methods. The two methods can be a double barrier method or a barrier method plus a hormonal method.

    • Adequate barrier methods of contraception include: diaphragm, condom (by the partner), intrauterine device (copper or hormonal), sponge or spermicide. Hormonal contraceptives include any marketed contraceptive agent that includes an estrogen and/or a progestational agent. Reliable contraception should be maintained throughout the study and for 7 days after study drug discontinuation.
    • Women are considered post-menopausal and not of child bearing potential if they have had 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with an appropriate clinical profile (e.g. age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms) or six months of spontaneous amenorrhea with serum FSH levels > 40 mIU/mL (and estradiol< 20 pg/mL) or have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy) at least six weeks ago. In the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment.
  13. Known Keith-Wagener grade III or IV hypertensive retinopathy.
  14. Current angina pectoris requiring pharmacological therapy (except sublingual nitroglycerin).
  15. Second or third degree heart block without a pacemaker.
  16. Atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter at Visit 1, or potentially life-threatening or any symptomatic arrhythmia during the 12 months prior to Visit 1.
  17. Clinically significant valvular heart disease.
  18. History of angioedema during use of an ACE inhibitor.
  19. History or evidence of drug or alcohol abuse within the last 12 months.
  20. Any surgical or medical condition, which in the opinion of the investigator, may place the patient at higher risk from his/her participation in the study, or is likely to prevent the patient from complying with the requirements of the study or completing the study.
  21. Any surgical or medical condition which might significantly alter the absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of study drugs including, but not limited to, any of the following:

    • History of major gastrointestinal tract surgery such as gastrectomy, gastroenterostomy, or bowel resection.
    • History of active inflammatory bowel disease during the 12 months prior to Visit 1.
    • Currently active gastritis, duodenal or gastric ulcers, or gastrointestinal bleeding during the 3 months prior to Visit 1.
    • Any history of pancreatic injury, pancreatitis, or evidence of impaired pancreatic function/injury as indicated by abnormal lipase or amylase during the 12 months prior to Visit 1.
    • Evidence of hepatic disease as determined by any one of the following: ALT or AST values exceeding 3 x ULN at Visit 1, a history of hepatic encephalopathy, a history of esophageal varices, or a history of portocaval shunt.
    • Evidence of renal impairment as determined by any one of the following: serum creatinine > 1.5 x ULN at Visit 1, a history of dialysis, or a history of nephrotic syndrome.
    • Current treatment with cholestyramine or colestipol resins
  22. History of noncompliance to medical regimes or unwillingness to comply with the study protocol.
  23. Any condition that in the opinion of the investigator would confound the evaluation and interpretation of efficacy and/or safety data.
  24. Persons directly involved in the execution of this protocol.
  25. Known contraindications to the study drugs.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00787605

Locations
United States, New Jersey
Sites in USA
East Hanover, New Jersey, United States, 07936
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novartis
Investigators
Study Chair: Novartis Novartis
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: External Affairs, Novartis
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00787605     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CSPP100A2409
Study First Received: November 5, 2008
Results First Received: December 20, 2010
Last Updated: May 20, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Novartis:
Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, aliskiren, hydrochlorothiazide, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, amlodipine, stage 2

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Hypertension
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Hydrochlorothiazide
Amlodipine
Diuretics
Natriuretic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Sodium Chloride Symporter Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antihypertensive Agents
Cardiovascular Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Calcium Channel Blockers
Vasodilator Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014