Evaluation of Pregabalin in Idiopathic Small Fiber Neuropathy

This study has suspended participant recruitment.
(As a result of restrictive inclusion criteria and a limited pool of suitable subjects with SFN, this study has been suspended pending review.)
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Capital Health, Canada
Information provided by:
University of Alberta
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00787462
First received: November 6, 2008
Last updated: September 9, 2010
Last verified: September 2010
  Purpose

Idiopathic Small Fiber Neuropathy (called SFN for short), is a condition where nerves that sense pain have become damaged, and often painful. SFN pain is common, and it can affect sleep, memory, health and overall quality of life.

Pregabalin is a drug commonly used to treat painful conditions, like nerve pain. It has been available to doctors for many years, and many studies have been performed to evaluate its effectiveness. In these studies, pregabalin has been shown to be very effective in the treatment of nerve pain, with fewer side effects than many other medications currently available. The purpose of the study is to determine if pregabalin relieves pain more effectively than a pill containing no medication (called a placebo). The study will also investigate any side effects as well as the effectiveness and safety of the medication.


Condition Intervention
Small-Fiber Neuropathy
Drug: Pregabalin
Drug: Placebo

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Evaluation of Pregabalin in Idiopathic Small Fiber Neuropathy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Alberta:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine if there is any difference in the mean neuropathic pain score recorded in daily pain assessment scores between the pregabalin treatment phase (escalating twice daily dose of 75mg, 150mg) versus placebo treatment phase. [ Time Frame: 21 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine if there is any difference in the mean scores of other quality of life measures of Change Scales between the pregabalin treatment phase (escalating twice daily dose of 75mg, 150mg) versus placebo treatment phase. [ Time Frame: 21 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: October 2008
Estimated Study Completion Date: November 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date: November 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Active Drug: Pregabalin
Available as 75 mg capsules. Subjects will begin Phase 1 treatment on either pregabalin (or placebo) 75mg BID (1 capsule BID) for one week then increasing to 150mg BID or placebo (2 capsules BID) for a further 7 weeks. During this period patients will be allowed to taper the drug to 225mg a day (75mg in am, 150mg in pm) or (75mg BID) if they develop significant adverse effects on the higher dose. After 8 weeks Phase 1 treatment subjects will taper study medication to 75mg BID or placebo (1 capsule BID) for 7 days and then continue taking placebo (1 capsule) for 7 additional days prior to the crossover. After the taper and washout, Phase 2 will begin using the alternate treatment and will follow the same dosing regime as Phase 1 for the remaining 10 weeks.
Other Name: Lyrica
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Placebo
Available as 75 mg capsules. Subjects will begin Phase 1 treatment on either pregabalin (or placebo) 75mg BID (1 capsule BID) for one week then increasing to 150mg BID or placebo (2 capsules BID) for a further 7 weeks. During this period patients will be allowed to taper the drug to 225mg a day (75mg in am, 150mg in pm) or (75mg BID) if they develop significant adverse effects on the higher dose. After 8 weeks Phase 1 treatment subjects will taper study medication to 75mg BID or placebo (1 capsule BID) for 7 days and then continue taking placebo (1 capsule) for 7 additional days prior to the crossover. After the taper and washout, Phase 2 will begin using the alternate treatment and will follow the same dosing regime as Phase 1 for the remaining 10 weeks.
Other Name: Visually Identical Placebo

Detailed Description:

Painful small fiber sensory neuropathy (SFN) is relatively common and a disabling medical condition. It is the most common type of painful sensory neuropathy in patients older than 50 years of age. It is defined as a neuropathy that exclusively or predominantly affects the A-δ (small myelinated) and nociceptive C (unmyelinated) nerve fibers and their functions. The neuropathic pain associated with SFN is described by the patients as burning ("feet are on fire"), sharp ("knife-like, jabbing or pins and needles"), shooting, and aching pain in the toes and feet. The feet are described as tingling, numb, or feeling tight, wooden or dead. The pain is disabling and often exacerbated at night interfering and disrupting the sleep pattern. Allodynia and cramps may also occur. Some patients also describe pressure induced pain in their feet with standing and walking. The autonomic nerves may be involved leading to increased or decreased sweating, facial flushing, skin discoloration and erectile dysfunction in up to 40% of males. On examination there is a dramatic mismatch between the symptoms and observable deficits in SFN. Only abnormal findings are the loss of pinprick and temperature sensations in feet that may extend up to the knees. Touch sensation may be diminished but other sensations are usually preserved. By definition, patients with SFN are allowed to have minor involvement of large fibers distally with reduced vibration in toes but the ankle reflexes are usually preserved.

This study will be of a crossover design thus minimizing the number of subjects needed. Each patient will act as his/her own control. Previous studies of pregabalin have shown that the desired effect is achieved by eight weeks of treatment. Therefore each patient will start on either placebo or pregabalin. They will be assessed on this treatment arm for eight weeks. There will be a two-week drug tapering and washout period before switching treatments, followed by re-assessment for an additional eight weeks. This design minimizes the amount of time that the patient will be treated with placebo.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • A diagnosis of idiopathic SFN (based on clinical and electrodiagnostic criteria).
  • Each day for 7 days prior to Visit 2 (Washout) they must complete a modified Quadruple Visual Analogue Scale₁ showing moderate to severe pain (i.e. a daily mean rating score of ≥ 4).
  • As the safety of pregabalin in pregnancy has not been established, females of childbearing potential must have a negative βHCG serum and agree to practice acceptable birth control methods.
  • All subjects must have screening laboratory values that are within normal limits or abnormal values that are deemed not clinically significant by the Principle Investigator.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Have a psychological or psychiatric condition that may hinder their ability to provide important information
  • History of psychosis, drug or alcohol abuse history within the last year
  • Malignancy within the last 2 years (except skin cancer)
  • Clinically significant conditions (including but not limited to cardiovascular or hepatic diseases), and seizure disorders.
  • Subjects with an abnormal 2-hour glucose tolerance test (i.e., glucose >7.8 mmol/l) will be excluded under "clinically significant conditions" as stated above.
  • May not have participated in a previous trial of pregabalin, have a history of intolerance or hypersensitivity to pregabalin.
  • Patients with renal impairment (CrCl < 60 ml/min) will be excluded.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00787462

Locations
Canada, Alberta
University of Alberta Hospital
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6G-2B7
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Alberta
Capital Health, Canada
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Zaeem A Siddiqi, MD, PhD MD, Profesor of Medicine, Neurology
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Dr. Z. A. Siddiqi, MD, PhD, University of Alberta Hospital, Division of Neurology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00787462     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ZAS-2007-HC-01
Study First Received: November 6, 2008
Last Updated: September 9, 2010
Health Authority: Canada: Health Canada

Keywords provided by University of Alberta:
Neuropathic
Neuropathic pain
Nerve pain
Pain
Chronic pain
Pregabalin
Lyrica
Small fiber neuropathy
Neuropathy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Erythromelalgia
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Peripheral Vascular Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Pregabalin
Analgesics
Anticonvulsants
Calcium Channel Blockers
Cardiovascular Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014