The Feasibility and Accuracy of Exhaled CO2 to Measure Cardiac Output in Ventilated Patients Without Tracheal Intubation
The purpose of this study is to test the accuracy of a new noninvasive way to measure how much blood our heart pumps per minute. This new way measures the heart's pumping activity from outside the body, instead of breaking the skin and measuring it from the inside.
Subjects will breathe normally through a mask while we record how fast and how much air they are breathing. We will have them "re-breathe" some of the air they breathed out by adjusting the ventilator. During this time, we will use the air breathed out to calculate how much blood per minute the subject's heart is pumping. We will also measure how much blood the heart is pumping at this time by injecting fluid into the catheter in the neck and then drawing about 1 teaspoon of blood from the catheters in the neck and arm. We will compare the calculated and measured values of the amount of blood pumped out of the heart for accuracy.
After we complete this procedure, we will remove the mask and allow you to rest for 10-30min. Following the rest period, we will repeat the process and collect a second set of measurements. We will draw a total of 4 teaspoons of blood for the study.
If you cannot comfortably breathe along with the ventilator, we will withdraw you from the study. If you want to stop taking part in the study at any time, let the study doctor know that you wish to withdraw. We will take off the mask, and your time in the study will end. This decision will not affect your regular medical care.
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
|Official Title:||Determining the Feasibility and Accuracy of Exhaled CO2 to Measure Cardiac Output in Ventilated Patients Without Tracheal Intubation|
- To test the feasibility and accuracy of using NICO to measure cardiac output in ventilator assisted patients without tracheal intubation. [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||November 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Twenty adult spontaneously breathing patients without intubation and mechanical ventilation recruited from the cardiac catheterization laboratory. All will be post-heart-transplant patients coming for yearly evaluation.
Device: NICO device
Measurement of cardiac output and simultaneous blood sampling.
The subjects' cardiac output will be measured by NICO device and also by thermodilution method. Simultaneously blood samples will be drawn from the pulmonary artery catheter and arterial line. The calculated and measured cardiac output values will be compared for accuracy.
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Massachusetts General Hospital|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114|
|Principal Investigator:||Robert Kacmarek, PhD, RRT||Massachusetts General Hospital|