Evaluation of a Natural Experiment to Improve Statewide Depression Care in MN (DIAMOND)
The study will evaluate a unique natural experiment that aims to transform the primary care of patients with depression. The experiment's aim is to cause statewide implementation of an evidence-based care model for depression by changing the reimbursement system and by using an established regional collaborative (the Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement) to both facilitate the model's widespread use and certify that medical groups have implemented it. Study hypotheses include the following:
- Newly treated depressed patients in medical groups that have implemented the new reimbursement and facilitation will report receiving higher rates of best care processes than such patients in these medical groups before implementation.
- Rates of best care practices reported to be received by newly treated depressed patients two years after each medical group implements changes will be maintained at least at the rate reported by patients one year post implementation.
- Newly treated depressed patients in medical groups that have participated in the new reimbursement and facilitation will have greater improvement in depression symptoms and work productivity and lower healthcare costs than such patients in groups before participation.
- Medical group measures of priority for improving depression care, capability to manage change, and practice systems will be predictive of more patient-reported best care processes, both at one point in time and in change over time.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
|Official Title:||DIAMOND Study: Evaluation of a Natural Experiment to Improve Statewide Depression Care in MN|
- Rates of best care processes [ Time Frame: baseline, 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Improvement in depression symptoms, work productivity and total healthcare costs [ Time Frame: baseline, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||February 2008|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||February 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||June 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Other: DIAMOND depression care model
The study will use a multiple baseline across settings with staggered implementation to test the effects of changed reimbursement and facilitated organizational change on the use and sustainability of evidenced-based care processes for patients with depression. The study will also test the effect of the care process changes on changes in depression symptoms, healthcare costs, and work productivity.
|Principal Investigator:||Leif I Solberg, MD||HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research|