Implementation of Real-time ADE Surveillance and Decision Support (VA ADE)
The purpose of this study is to determine if an electronic alerting technology improves time to intervention for possible ADEs, identify what factors affect adoption of ADE alerts, and whether there is a cost benefit associated with the alerting technology.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
|Official Title:||Implementation of Real-Time ADE Surveillance and Decision Support|
- Time to intervention once an ADE alert has fired in CPRS [ Time Frame: Once an alert fires, the time frame begins. When action has been taken, ie. an order placed, time frame ends. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||December 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Arm 1
Arm 1 is a random intervention group in which half of the patients admitted to the VASLCHCS during study time period will be randomly selected. Providers will see ADE alerts for all patient in the randomly selected experimental group
Behavioral: ADE alert assistant
A note in CPRS alerting providers that patients are at risk for an adverse event based on prescription and lab value histories.
No Intervention: Arm 2
The second arm is the control. Alerts will not be displayed for these patients.
Inpatient adverse drug events (ADEs) continue to be a major source of morbidity and mortality despite advances in computerized drug safety measures. Reports on the ability of computerized ADE alerts to prevent and mitigate ADEs are lacking. The aims of this project are to 1) Assess organizational, social, and cognitive factors that affect adoption of real-time ADE alerting technology; 2) Analyze the effect of the ADE alerting technology on management and rate of ADEs; and 3) Estimate the cost-benefit of the ADE alerting technology. This study will use a patient randomized design of computerized real-time ADE alerts intended for primary and secondary prevention of ADEs. The ADE alerts promise to reduce mortality, morbidity, and costs due to ADEs. This study will quantify the effect of the alerts in the hands of first-year medical residents and pharmacists. The study will explore the associations of organizational and soci-cognitive barriers and facilitators with the adoption of the ADE alert technology. At the cognitive level, it will explore whether ADE Alerts change user bias in diagnosing ADEs or whether the alerts heighten sensitivity to drug problems.
|United States, Utah|
|VA Health Care Salt Lake City|
|Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84148|
|Principal Investigator:||Jonathan R. Nebeker, MD MS||VA Health Care Salt Lake City|