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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Pediatric Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified May 2013 by University of California, Los Angeles
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Joseph O'Neill, PhD, National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00748761
First received: September 8, 2008
Last updated: May 24, 2013
Last verified: May 2013
  Purpose

This study will examine the way cognitive behavioral therapy changes the structure of the brain in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder and will thereby determine what makes cognitive behavioral therapy an effective treatment.


Condition Intervention
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Behavioral: Waitlist

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy & Glutamatergic Neurometabolites in Pediatric OCD

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of California, Los Angeles:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Regional concentration of glutamate and glutamine in brain, as measured by Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Imaging (MRSI) [ Time Frame: 14 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall score on child Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale [ Time Frame: 14 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 108
Study Start Date: June 2008
Estimated Study Completion Date: May 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date: May 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: OCD Active CBT
Children with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) will be treated with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) from the time of enrollment.
Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Nondrug psychotherapy administered weekly for 12 weeks
Other Names:
  • Behavioral therapy
  • Psychotherapy
  • Exposure and response prevention
Active Comparator: OCD Waitlist
Children with OCD will receive waitlist treatment at enrollment. Nonresponders will cross over to CBT.
Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Nondrug psychotherapy administered weekly for 12 weeks
Other Names:
  • Behavioral therapy
  • Psychotherapy
  • Exposure and response prevention
Behavioral: Waitlist
Contact waitlist weekly for 12 weeks
Other Names:
  • Waiting for treatment
  • In line for treatment
No Intervention: Healthy Controls
Healthy control children will be given no intervention.

Detailed Description:

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) afflicts 2% to 4% of children and adolescents, who suffer from persistent, unwanted thoughts and repetitive behaviors. One of the most effective treatments of OCD is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), yet researchers do not know how CBT affects the brain. In this study, brain scans will be performed to determine concentrations of several neurometabolites, which are chemicals involved in providing energy to the brain. Of particular importance are the neurometabolites glutamine and glutamate, which, in addition to providing energy to the brain, are among the most common excitatory neurotransmitters. Disruption of glutamine and glutamate is thought to be related to OCD. By examining where in the brain levels of glutamate and glutamine change, researchers will attempt to determine whether CBT modifies brain activity, whether a circuit targeted by researchers is affected by CBT, and how brain activity in people with OCD differs from that of people without the disorder in terms of the targeted circuit.

Children and adolescents ages 8 through 17 with OCD will be randomly assigned to either receive a 12-week CBT intervention or be placed on a waiting list for 8 weeks before receiving the 12-week intervention. A group of non-OCD participants in the same age group will be used as a control. All groups will undergo magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI), which will measure the concentrations of neurometabolites in multiple brain regions. The control group and the group initially given the CBT intervention will be scanned upon entry of the study and after 12 weeks. The group initially placed on a waiting list will be scanned three times: once upon entry, once after the 8-week waiting period, and once after the 12-week CBT intervention. To determine which participants are benefitting from the treatment, the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale and other clinical and neurocognitive measures will be administered concurrently with each brain scan.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years to 18 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Meets DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for OCD as primary diagnosis, based on the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule (ADIS) Clinical Severity Rating
  • Clinical Global Impressions severity score of at least 4, reflecting moderately ill or worse status
  • Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale total score of greater than or equal to 16
  • No medication for OCD or other psychiatric condition in the past 4 weeks and no use of fluoxetine for the past 6 weeks
  • Child is fluent in English
  • Parental informed consent and child or adolescent informed assent forms are signed
  • For females of childbearing potential a negative pregnancy test will be required for study entry

Exclusion Criteria:

  • IQ of less than 80 on the Wechsler Abbreviated Scales of Intelligence
  • A lifetime DSM-IV diagnosis of pervasive developmental disorder, mania, psychosis, conduct disorder, or substance dependence assessed through ADIS
  • Current DSM-IV diagnosis of major depressive disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder any subtype, assessed through an ADIS rating of 4 or higher
  • Any serious psychiatric, psychosocial, or neurological condition, such as a tic disorder, non-OCD anxiety, aggression, or family discord, that requires immediate treatment other than that provided in the current study
  • One or more failed adequate trials of exposure-based CBT, defined as at least 10 sessions of therapist-assisted, exposure-based CBT with which the patient voluntarily complied
  • More than one failed selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor trial adequate in dose and duration, defined as at least 8 weeks of treatment with at least 20 mg of fluoxetine, 20 mg of paroxetine, 75 mg of sertraline or fluvoxamine, or 75mg of clomipramine
  • Any body metal (other than dental fillings), pregnancy, or other contraindications to MRSI scan
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00748761

Contacts
Contact: John C. Piacentini, PhD 310-206-6649 jcp@ucla.edu

Locations
United States, California
UCLA Child Psychiatry Recruiting
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90024
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, Los Angeles
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Joseph O'Neill, PhD UCLA Child Psychiatry
Principal Investigator: John C. Piacentini, PhD UCLA Child Psychiatry
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Joseph O'Neill, PhD, Associate Professor of Child Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00748761     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01 MH081864, R01MH081864, DDTR B2-NDO
Study First Received: September 8, 2008
Last Updated: May 24, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by University of California, Los Angeles:
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
OCD
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
CBT
MRSI
Glutamate

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Compulsive Personality Disorder
Disease
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Anxiety Disorders
Mental Disorders
Pathologic Processes
Personality Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 20, 2014