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Prosocial Behavior and Exercise Among Older Adults

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified June 2009 by National Institute on Aging (NIA).
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00747019
First received: September 3, 2008
Last updated: June 30, 2009
Last verified: June 2009
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to compare two exercise programs to determine how well they help older adults make exercise a regular habit after 9 months.


Condition Intervention
Health-Related Quality of Life
Physical Activity
Physical Function
Behavioral: Prosocial Behavior Physical Activity (PBPA)
Behavioral: Physical Exercise (PE)

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Prosocial Behavior and Exercise Among Older Adults

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute on Aging (NIA):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Self-reported physical activity [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3 and 9 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Physical function, health-related quality of life [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3 and 9 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 80
Study Start Date: December 2008
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: PBPA Behavioral: Prosocial Behavior Physical Activity (PBPA)
The PBPA condition involves a center-based cognitive-behavioral intervention to teach participants the behavioral skills to engage in long-term (9-month) independent physical activity; delivered three times a week months 1-3; independent physical activity months 4-9. PBPA participants also earn boxes of food for donation to the Second Harvest Food Bank (SHFB) of Northwest North Carolina based upon their weekly physical activity.
Active Comparator: PE Behavioral: Physical Exercise (PE)
The PE condition is a center-based cognitive-behavioral intervention to teach participants the behavioral skills to engage in long-term (9-month) independent physical activity; delivered three times a week months 1-3; independent physical activity months 4-9.

Detailed Description:

Although only a small percentage of older adults engage in habitual physical activity, previous studies have demonstrated interventions that include cognitive-behavioral strategies can enhance long-term, independent physical activity. In addition, there are episodic charity events, such as charity walks, that attract large numbers of participants of all age ranges to engage in moderate-intensity physical activity. These actions are a form of prosocial behavior, defined as voluntary, intentional behavior that results in benefits for another. The opportunity to help others seems to be a motive in inspiring these individuals to at least engage in one session of moderate physical activity. Thus, the current research project contemplates whether prosocial behavior may be implemented as a viable behavioral incentive for long-term physical activity.

Both the Prosocial Behavior Physical Activity (PBPA) group and the Physical Exercise (PE) group will receive a cognitive-behavioral intervention to teach participants the behavioral skills necessary to engage in long-term (9-month) independent physical activity. Both programs will provide supervised exercise sessions so that participants learn how to safely and effectively engage in physical activity, and both programs will help participants set goals for activity and overcome barriers to exercise. However, in PBPA group, participants will be able to also earn boxes of food for donation to a charity based upon their physical activity.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   55 Years to 80 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Between 55 and 80 years of age
  • Physically underactive (moderate or vigorous physical activity for less than 2 days per week for the preceding 3 months)
  • No evidence of any major psychological illness
  • Written permission from the participant's primary care physician with specific certification of no severe risk of cardiovascular disease
  • Participant resides within a 35-mile radius of the study site
  • Participant will remain in the area for the duration of the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Self-reported evidence of cardiovascular disease risk, or documentation by the primary care physician of at least one of the following within the past 5 years:

    • Myocardial infarction (MI)
    • Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)
    • Chronic or unstable angina at rest or during physical exertion
    • New York Heart Association (NYHA) Type I through Type IV congestive heart failure
    • Unstable ventricular arrhythmias
    • Cardiovascular surgery (coronary artery or valvular heart disease)
    • Ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke
    • Intermittent claudication during physical activity
    • Edema in feet
  • Self-reported or documented evidence of rheumatoid arthritis
  • Self-reported or physician-reported evidence of current cigarette or cigar smoking
  • Self-reported treatment for psychiatric illness within the past 5 years:

    • Treatment for major depression or schizophrenia
    • Currently receiving lithium or neuroleptics
    • Hospitalization with the last 5 years for depression, or clinical judgment of treatment for major depression
  • Hearing or sight impairments
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Alcohol consumption greater than 21 drinks per week, or self-reported alcoholism
  • Inability to speak or read English
  • Judgment of clinical staff
  • Current participation in another medical intervention study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00747019

Contacts
Contact: Carol Massa-Fanale, MS 336-716-3589 cmassa@wfubmc.edu
Contact: Susan J. Harris 336-713-4244 sjharris@wfubmc.edu

Locations
United States, North Carolina
Wake Forest University School of Medicine Recruiting
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27127
Contact: Carol Massa-Fanale    336-716-3589    cmassa@wfubmc.edu   
Contact: Susan J. Harris    336-713-4244    sjharris@wfubmc.edu   
Principal Investigator: Capri G. Foy, PhD, MS         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Capri G. Foy, PhD, MS Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine
  More Information