Open-Label Clinical Study of Droxidopa in Patients With Neurogenic Orthostatic Hypotension (NOH) (NOH303)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Chelsea Therapeutics Identifier:
First received: August 19, 2008
Last updated: March 18, 2013
Last verified: March 2013

The purpose of this study is to see whether the durability of effect of Droxidopa in treating symptoms of neurogenic orthostatic hypotension in patients with Primary Autonomic Failure (Pure Autonomic Failure, Multiple System Atrophy, Parkinson's Disease), Non-diabetic neuropathy, or Beta Hydroxylase deficiency.

Condition Intervention Phase
Neurogenic Orthostatic Hypotension
Non-Diabetic Autonomic Neuropathy
Multiple System Atrophy
Dopamine Beta Hydroxylase Deficiency
Drug: Droxidopa
Drug: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-label Study, to Assess the Long-term Safety and Clinical Benefit of Droxidopa in Subjects With PAF, Dopamine Beta Hydroxylase Deficiency or Non-diabetic Neuropathy and Symptomatic Neurogenic Orthostatic Hypotension

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Chelsea Therapeutics:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the efficacy of droxidopa in patients with symptomatic NOH as measured by the relative change in mean score of Item 1 of the (OHSA) 14 days following randomization to continued therapy with droxidopa or placebo. [ Time Frame: 14 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 103
Study Start Date: January 2008
Study Completion Date: December 2010
Primary Completion Date: December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Droxidopa
Study medication
Drug: Droxidopa
100 mg, oral, three times per day 200 mg, oral, three times per day 300 mg, oral, three times per day 400 mg, oral, three times per day 500 mg, oral, three times per day 600 mg, oral, three times per day
Other Name: Droxidopa
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Drug: Placebo
100 mg, oral, three times per day 200 mg, oral, three times per day 300 mg, oral, three times per day 400 mg, oral, three times per day 500 mg, oral, three times per day 600 mg, oral, three times per day
Other Name: Inactive drug (to look like Droxidopa)

Detailed Description:

Systolic blood pressure is transiently and minimally decreased in healthy individuals upon standing. Normal physiologic feedback mechanisms work through neurally-mediated pathways to maintain the standing blood pressure, and thus maintain adequate cerebral perfusion. The compensatory mechanisms that regulate blood pressure upon standing are dysfunctional in subjects with orthostatic hypotension (OH), a condition that may lead to inadequate cerebral perfusion with accompanying symptoms of syncope, dizziness or lightheadedness, unsteadiness and blurred or impaired vision, among other symptoms.

The autonomic nervous system has a central role in the regulation of blood pressure. Primary Autonomic Failure is manifested in a variety of syndromes. Orthostatic hypotension is a usual presenting symptom. Primary Autonomic Failure may be the primary diagnosis, and classifications include pure autonomic failure (PAF), also called idiopathic orthostatic hypotension (Bradbury-Eggleston syndrome) autonomic failure with multiple system atrophy (Shy-Drager syndrome) and also Parkinson's disease. Regardless of the primary condition, autonomic dysfunction underlies orthostatic hypotension.

Orthostatic hypotension may be a severely disabling condition which can seriously interfere with the quality of life of afflicted subjects. Currently available therapeutic options provide some symptomatic relief in a subset of subjects, but are relatively ineffective and are often accompanied by severe side effects that limit their usefulness. Support garments (tight-fitting leotard) may prove useful in some subjects, but is difficult to don without family or nursing assistance, especially for older subjects. Midodrine, fludrocortisone, methylphenidate, ephedrine, indomethacin and dihydroergotamine are among some of the pharmacological interventions that have been used to treat orthostatic hypotension, although only midodrine is specifically approved for this indication. The limitations of these currently available therapeutic options, and the incapacitating nature and often progressive downhill course of disease, point to the need for an improved therapeutic alternative.

The current withdrawal design study will measure the efficacy of droxidopa on symptoms of neurogenic orthostatic hypotension in patients randomized to continued droxidopa treatment versus placebo, following 14 days of double-blind treatment.


Droxidopa [also, known as L-threo-3,4-dihydroxyphenylserine, L-threo-DOPS, or L-DOPS] is the International non-proprietary name (INN) for a synthetic amino acid precursor of norepinephrine (NE), which was originally developed by Sumitomo Pharmaceuticals Co., Limited, Japan. It has been approved for use in Japan since 1989. Droxidopa has been shown to improve symptoms of orthostatic hypotension that result from a variety of conditions including Shy Drager syndrome (Multiple System Atrophy), Pure Autonomic Failure, and Parkinson's disease. There are four stereoisomers of DOPS; however, only the L-threo-enantiomer (droxidopa) is biologically active.

The exact mechanism of action of droxidopa in the treatment of symptomatic NOH has not been precisely defined; however, its NE replenishing properties with concomitant recovery of decreased noradrenergic activity are considered to be of major importance.

Droxidopa has been marketed in Japan since 1989. Data from clinical studies and post-marketing surveillance programs conducted in Japan show that the most commonly reported adverse drug reactions with droxidopa are increased blood pressure, nausea, and headache. In clinical studies, the prevalence and severity of droxidopa adverse effects appear to be similar to those reported by the placebo control arm.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

To be eligible for inclusion, each patient must fulfill the following criteria:

  • Participated in Droxidopa Protocol 302;
  • Provide written informed consent to participate in the study and understand that they may withdraw their consent at any time without prejudice to their future medical care.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients are not eligible for this study if they fulfill one or more of the following criteria:

  • Currently taking ephedrine or midodrine;
  • Patients taking ephedrine or midodrine must stop taking these drugs at least 2 days prior to their study entry visit (Visit 1).
  • Currently taking anti-hypertensive medication;

    * The use of short-acting anti-hypertensive medications at bedtime is permitted.

  • Currently taking tri-cyclic antidepressant medication or other norepinephrine re-uptake inhibitors;
  • Have changed dose, frequency and or type of prescribed medication, within two weeks of study start (excluding ephedrine and midodrine);
  • History of more than moderate alcohol consumption;
  • History of known or suspected drug or substance abuse;
  • Women of childbearing potential who are not using a medically accepted contraception;

    • Reproductive potential:
    • Female subjects should be either post-menopausal (amenorrhea for at least 12 consecutive months), surgically sterile, or women of child-bearing potential (WOCP) who are using or agree to use acceptable methods of contraception.
    • Acceptable contraceptives include intrauterine devices (IUDs), hormonal contraceptives (oral, depot, patch or injectable) and double barrier methods such as condoms or diaphragms with spermicidal gel or foam.
    • For WOCP a urine pregnancy test must be conducted at each study visit.
    • WOCP must be advised to use acceptable contraceptives throughout the study period and for 30 days after the last dose of investigational product.
    • If hormonal contraceptives are used they should be taken according to the package insert.
    • WOCP who are not currently sexually active must agree to use acceptable contraception, as defined above, if they decide to become sexually active during the period of the study and for 30 days after the last dose of investigational product.
  • Sexually active males whose partner is a WOCP and who do not agree to use condoms for the duration of the study and for 30 days after the last dose;
  • Women who are pregnant or breast feeding;
  • Known or suspected hypersensitivity to the study medication or any of its ingredients;
  • Pre-existing sustained severe hypertension (BP 180/110 mmHg in the sitting position);
  • Have atrial fibrillation or, in the investigator's opinion, have any other significant cardiac arrhythmia;
  • Any other significant systemic, hepatic, cardiac or renal illness;
  • Diabetes mellitus or insipidus;
  • Have a history of closed angle glaucoma;
  • Have a known or suspected malignancy;
  • Have a serum creatinine level > 130 umol/L;
  • Patients with known gastrointestinal illness or other gastrointestinal disorder that may, in the investigator's opinion, affect the absorption of study drug;
  • In the investigator's opinion, have clinically significant abnormalities on clinical examination or laboratory testing;
  • In the investigator's opinion, are unable to adequately co-operate because of individual or family situation;
  • In the investigator's opinion, are suffering from a mental disorder that interferes with the diagnosis and/or with the conduct of the study, e.g. schizophrenia, major depression, dementia;
  • Are not able or willing to comply with the study requirements for the duration of the study.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00738062

  Show 54 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Chelsea Therapeutics
Principal Investigator: Horacio Kaufmann Kaufmann, MD NYU School of Medicine
Principal Investigator: Christopher J. Mathias, MD Imperial School of Medicine
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Chelsea Therapeutics Identifier: NCT00738062     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Droxidopa NOH303
Study First Received: August 19, 2008
Last Updated: March 18, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Chelsea Therapeutics:
Neurogenic Orthostatic Hypotension
Orthostatic hypotension
Pure Autonomic Failure
Multiple System Atrophy
Autonomic Failure
Dopamine Deficiency

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Shy-Drager Syndrome
Hypotension, Orthostatic
Multiple System Atrophy
Nervous System Diseases
Autonomic Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Orthostatic Intolerance
Primary Dysautonomias
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Movement Disorders
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Antiparkinson Agents
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Cardiotonic Agents
Cardiovascular Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on April 16, 2014