Intravenous Exenatide in Coronary Intensive Care Unit (ICU) Patients

This study has been completed.
Amylin Pharmaceuticals, LLC.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Saint Luke's Health System Identifier:
First received: August 14, 2008
Last updated: May 29, 2013
Last verified: May 2013

The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy of intravenous Exenatide therapy in hyperglycemic patients admitted to the coronary intensive care unit.

Condition Intervention Phase
Acute Coronary Syndromes
Myocardial Infarction
Drug: Exenatide
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Intensive Exenatide Therapy in Hyperglycemic Patients Admitted to the Coronary Intensive Care Unit

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Saint Luke's Health System:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Average glucose value during coronary ICU stay [ Time Frame: 24-48 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of hypoglycemic episodes / total number of glucose measurements [ Time Frame: 24-48 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Number of subjects with >1 hypoglycemic episode / total number of subjects [ Time Frame: 24-48 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Serious adverse events (death, life-threatening event, prolonged hospitalization, disability or incapacity, congenital anomaly or birth defect, non-life threatening event) after discontinuation of study drug [ Time Frame: 30 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: August 2008
Study Completion Date: August 2012
Primary Completion Date: June 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Exenatide Drug: Exenatide
0.05 µg/min bolus of open-label exenatide followed by a constant infusion of 0.025 µg/min for 24-48 hours

Detailed Description:

Diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) have particularly poor outcomes. Clinical practice guidelines from the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association for the treatment of patients with acute coronary syndromes call for treatment to achieve preprandial glucose <110 mg/dL, a maximum daily target <180 mg/dL, and a post-discharge hemoglobin A1c <7%. Initiation of aggressive insulin therapy is also warranted to achieve blood glucose <150 mg/dL during days 0-3 and 80-110 mg/dL when possible thereafter. To date, no studies have been conducted assessing the efficacy of intravenous exenatide administration on achieving glucose lowering in hyperglycemic coronary ICU patients.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Admission to coronary ICU
  • Admission blood glucose 140-299 mg/dL
  • Primary cardiovascular diagnosis by attending physician
  • Under primary care of cardiology service
  • Age > 18 years old
  • Ventilator independent
  • Able to provide informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Admission blood glucose < 140 or > 300 mg/dL
  • Ventilator dependent
  • Unconscious sedation
  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Known pregnancy
  • Admitted to coronary ICU for right heart cath to measure hemodynamics prior to transplant
  • Post transplant procedure
  • Currently enrolled in another clinical trial
  • Unable to provide informed consent
  • Creatinine clearance < 30 mL/min
  • On insulin treatment except for monotherapy with long-acting basal insulin (e.g., insulin glargine [Lantus®] or detemir [Levemir®])
  • Gastroparesis
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00736229

United States, Missouri
Mid America Heart Institute Saint Luke's Health System
Kansas City, Missouri, United States, 64111
Sponsors and Collaborators
Saint Luke's Health System
Amylin Pharmaceuticals, LLC.
  More Information

Responsible Party: Saint Luke's Health System Identifier: NCT00736229     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 08-206
Study First Received: August 14, 2008
Last Updated: May 29, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Saint Luke's Health System:
acute coronary syndromes
myocardial infarction

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Myocardial Infarction
Angina Pectoris
Cardiovascular Diseases
Chest Pain
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Heart Diseases
Metabolic Diseases
Myocardial Ischemia
Pathologic Processes
Signs and Symptoms
Vascular Diseases
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Hypoglycemic Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on October 23, 2014