Pilot Study Reduced Fluence PDT /Visudyne With Ranibizumab vs Ranibizumab Monotherapy for Exudative Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
The purposes of this study is to determine if combination reduced fluence photodynamic therapy and Ranibizumab has:
Similar efficacy to Ranibizumab (Lucentis) alone. The ability to reduce the number of intravitreal injection of Ranibizumab or a 13 month period The ability to reduce the number of PDT treatments. The study will also collect information on the safety of combination therapy and single therapy.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Caregiver)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Pilot Study With Reduced Fluence Photodynamic Therapy With Visudyne Ranibizumab VS. Ranibizumab Only to Treat Exudative AMD|
- Primary efficacy will be proportion of subjects with best corrected visual acuity improvement of 15 or more letters from baseline and wil visual acuity stabilization, less than 15 letter loss from baseline at 13 months [ Time Frame: at conclusion of subject enrollment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Mean change in ETDRS from baseline, number of Ranibizumab treatments w/reduced fluence PDT, proportion of patients with 6 lines of vision loss [ Time Frame: at conclusion of subject enrollment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||December 2006|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||July 2012|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||July 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Reduced fluence (3300mW/cm2-50% standard fluence) PDT + ranibizumab
Ranibizumab, and reduced fluence PDT or sham PDT and Ranibizumab. For 2 months injected intravitreal Ranibizumab will be given. At month 3 subjects will receive combination reduced fluence PDT and intravitreal Ranibizumab. If they develop recurrence of subretinal fluid, cystoid macular edema, increased pigment epithelial detachment (PED), or increased retinal thickness >100 microns compared to best thickness measure of OCT, subjects will be eligible for repeat combination reduced fluence PDT + intravitreal Ranibizumab every 3 months thereafter.
Other Name: Lucentis
Active Comparator: 2
Drug: Ranibizumab monotherapy
3 monthly intravitreal injections of Ranibizumab monotherapy. After month 2 they are eligible for retreatment with Ranibizumab if retreatment criteria are met (same as arm 1) At intervals of no less than 3 months from the previous sham PDT they will receive sham PDT if retreatment criteria are met.
Other Name: lucentis
This will be a 13 month prospective, blinded, randomized sham controled parallel safety study. There will be 2 treatment arms.
Arm 1 will receive reduced fluence PDT at baseline followed immediately by an intravitreal injection of Lucentis. Subjects in arm 1 will receive 2 additional injections of Ranibizumab (Lucentis) over the next 2 months. Starting at month 3, they will receive combination reduced fluence PDT and intravitreal Ranibizumab (Lucentis) if they develop recurrence of the subretinal fluid, cystoid macular edema, increased pigment epithelial detachment (PED), or increased retinal thickness > 100 microns compared to the best prior thickness measure on OCT. Patients will be eligible for repeat combination reduced fluence PDT + intravitreal Ranibizumab (Lucentis) every 3 months thereafter. Group 1 patients are eligible for treatment with combination reduced fluence PDT and Ranibizumab (Lucentis) at any point at the 3 month time point or thereafter. After month 3, if patients were not eligible for combined therapy (<3 months since the last combination therapy) and have >2 lines of vision loss or > 100 microns of increased retinal thickness on OCT compared to most recent measure at their monthly visit, they would be eligible for an injection of Ranibizumab (Lucentis) as monotherapy. Thereafter, subjects will have combination therapy if retreatment criteria were met and it has been >3 months since the last PDT treatment.
Study arm 2 will receive 3 monthly intravitreal injections of Ranibizumab (Lucentis). Following month 2, they will be eligible for re-treatment with Ranibizumab (Lucentis) if retreatment criteria are met (same criteria as study arm 1). At intervals of no less than 3 months from the previous sham PDT, they will receive sham PDT if retreatment criteria are met.