Aldesleukin With or Without Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Stage IV Melanoma

This study has been terminated.
(Pre-planned analysis established it unlikely study would meet primary objective.)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00726739
First received: July 31, 2008
Last updated: November 7, 2012
Last verified: November 2012
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Aldesleukin may stimulate the white blood cells to kill tumor cells. Vaccines may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells. Giving aldesleukin together with vaccine therapy may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known whether aldesleukin is more effective with or without vaccine therapy in treating melanoma.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying how well aldesleukin works when given with or without vaccine therapy in treating patients with stage IV melanoma.


Condition Intervention Phase
Stage IV Melanoma
Biological: aldesleukin
Biological: allogeneic large multivalent immunogen vaccine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase II Study of IL-2 With or Without an Allogeneic Large Multivalent Immunogen (LMI) Vaccine for the Treatment of Stage IV Melanoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Median Time of Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: From Date of Randomization to Date of Disease Progression or Last Contact - up to 2 years. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Progression free survival (PFS) was measured in months from date of randomization to date of disease progression, or date of death. For patients who died without tumor progression, PFS assumes their deaths are randomly related to tumor progression. Therefore, PFS includes deaths if they came first.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical Response of Lesion(s) [ Time Frame: Month 2 through Month 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Beginning at 2 months Through End of Treatment: To determine clinical response of each treatment group - Best Clinical response will be determined using Solid Tumor Response Criteria (RECIST). Complete Response (CR) = complete disappearance of all target lesions. Partial Response (PR) = At least a 30% decrease in sum of longest diameters of target lesions. Progressive Disease (PD) = At least a 20% increase in sum of longest diameters of target lesions. Stable Disease (SD) = Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR or PD.

  • Overall Survival at 2 Years [ Time Frame: 2 Years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Two year survival (alive at 2 years from randomization) rate of each treatment group.

  • Overall Survival at 1 Year [ Time Frame: 1 Year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    One year survival (alive at 1 year from randomization) rate of each treatment group.

  • Immune Response [ Time Frame: 48 hours After Study Medication ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Immune responses is be assessed by Delayed Type Hypersensitive (DTH) responses to LMI, IFN-γ production by CD8 T cells using the ELISPOT assay, and CD8 T cell binding to HLA-A2 multimers complexed with melanoma-derived peptides (pentamer analysis). DTH reactions are determined at 48 hours by measuring the largest diameter and right angle diameter of the area of induration and calculating the mean. DTH responses are recorded as present or absent but cannot be used as a quantitative measure of immune activation.


Enrollment: 21
Study Start Date: June 2008
Study Completion Date: June 2011
Primary Completion Date: June 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I - LMI + aldesleukin
Patients receive allogeneic large multivalent immunogen vaccine (LMI) LP2307 intradermally on day 1 and aldesleukin subcutaneously (SC) on days 7 and 8. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: aldesleukin
IL-2 Alone - administer 10 x 10^6 International Units subcutaneously (SQ) will be given on day 1 and day 2 every 4 weeks until disease progression or for a maximum of 12 treatment cycles.
Other Names:
  • IL-2
  • Interleukin-2
  • Proleukin
Biological: allogeneic large multivalent immunogen vaccine
Allogeneic tumor cell membrane-coated large multivalent immunogen (LMI [1 x 10^7, 5-μm silica spheres]) will be given as an intradermal injection every 4 weeks for up to 12 injections. Each vaccine dose will be 0.2 ml.
Other Name: LMI vaccine
Active Comparator: Arm II (control) - aldesleukin
Patients receive aldesleukin SC on days 1 and 2. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with disease progression may cross over and receive treatment on arm I.
Biological: aldesleukin
IL-2 Alone - administer 10 x 10^6 International Units subcutaneously (SQ) will be given on day 1 and day 2 every 4 weeks until disease progression or for a maximum of 12 treatment cycles.
Other Names:
  • IL-2
  • Interleukin-2
  • Proleukin
Experimental: Arm III - Crossover Patients

Patients who have progressive disease on Arm II were be offered crossover to Arm I provided they continued to meet all study criteria.

Patients receive allogeneic large multivalent immunogen vaccine (LMI) LP2307 intradermally on day 1 and aldesleukin subcutaneously (SC) on days 7 and 8. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Biological: aldesleukin
IL-2 Alone - administer 10 x 10^6 International Units subcutaneously (SQ) will be given on day 1 and day 2 every 4 weeks until disease progression or for a maximum of 12 treatment cycles.
Other Names:
  • IL-2
  • Interleukin-2
  • Proleukin
Biological: allogeneic large multivalent immunogen vaccine
Allogeneic tumor cell membrane-coated large multivalent immunogen (LMI [1 x 10^7, 5-μm silica spheres]) will be given as an intradermal injection every 4 weeks for up to 12 injections. Each vaccine dose will be 0.2 ml.
Other Name: LMI vaccine

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • To compare the progression-free survival of patients with stage IV melanoma treated with aldesleukin with vs without allogeneic large multivalent immunogen melanoma vaccine LP2307.

Secondary

  • To compare the clinical response in patients treated with these regimens.
  • To compare the 1- and 2-year survival rates in patients treated with these regimens.
  • To determine whether an immune response is generated after vaccination in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive allogeneic large multivalent immunogen melanoma vaccine LP2307 intradermally on day 1 and aldesleukin subcutaneously (SC) on days 7 and 8. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Arm II (control): Patients receive aldesleukin SC on days 1 and 2. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with disease progression may cross over and receive treatment on arm I.

Patients undergo blood sample collection periodically for correlative laboratory studies. Samples are analyzed for immune responses to keyhole limpet hemocyanin and tetanus toxoid (control antigens) by ELISA assay; IFN-γ production by CD8 T cells in response to melanoma-derived peptides by ELISpot assay; delayed-type hypersensitivity response to vaccination; and frequency of peripheral blood lymphocytes, including T cells, B cells, NK cells, and monocytes, by flow cytometry.

  • Arm III Crossover: Patients who have progressive disease on Arm II will be offered crossover to Arm I provided they continue to meet all study criteria.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 2 months for 1 year, every 3 months until disease progression, and then periodically thereafter.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Stage IV melanoma.
  • Prior systemic chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or biological therapy is allowed if at least 4 weeks since last treatment. Patient must recover from the acute toxic effects of the treatment prior to study enrollment.
  • Disease status must be that of measurable or nonmeasurable disease as defined by Solid Tumor Response Criteria (RECIST)
  • Karnofsky performance status >70% (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group 0-1)
  • Age 18 years or older
  • Adequate organ function within 14 days of study enrollment including the following:

    • Adequate bone marrow reserve: absolute neutrophil (segmented and bands) count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 10^9/L, platelets ≥100 x 10^9/L, and hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL
    • Hepatic: bilirubin < 3 times the upper limit of normal (× ULN), aspartate transaminase (AST) < 3 × ULN
    • Renal: creatinine ≤ 2.0
  • Must share at least one class I HLA allele with the HLA-type SK23-CD80+ cell (class I alleles (A1, A2, B7, B8, C7))
  • Meets eligibility criteria for and agrees to enroll in "MT1999- 06: Vaccination with Tetanus Toxoid and Keyhole Limpet Hemocyanin (KLH) to Assess Antigen-Specific Immune Responses" (IRB # 9904M01581, CPRC #2002LS032)
  • Women of childbearing potential and men whose partners are of childbearing potential are required to use an effective method of contraception (ie, a hormonal contraceptive, intrauterine device, diaphragm with spermicide, condom with spermicide, or abstinence) during the study and for 3 months after the last dose of study drug.
  • Voluntary written informed consent before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care.

Exclusion criteria:

  • History of brain metastases or positive brain scan at on-study
  • Immunosuppressive therapy i.e., prednisone or organ transplant patients, however topical or inhalational steroids are allowed.
  • Autoimmune diseases requiring immunosuppressive therapy.
  • History of symptomatic pulmonary disease will have pulmonary function tests (PFTs) performed. Patients with symptoms of dyspnea or rales, wheezes or rhonchi on physical exam will undergo PFTs. Those with FEV1 <50% of predicted or corrected DLCO <50% are not eligible.
  • Patients with cardiac disease such as recent myocardial infarction (< 3 months prior), unstable angina, or heart failure requiring medical intervention will undergo cardiac evaluation. Cardiac testing may include ECG, MUGA or echocardiogram, and/or thallium stress test as indicated to evaluate cardiac risks. Those patients with exercise-induced ischemia or an ejection fraction by MUGA or echocardiogram < 40% are not eligible.
  • Due to the origin of the KLH protein, patients with a history of seafood allergy are excluded from receiving KLH.
  • Hypersensitivity to any component of the vaccine, including Thimerosal, a mercury derivative, is a contraindication (taken from tetanus toxoid package insert).
  • The occurrence of any type of neurologic symptoms to tetanus vaccine in the past is a contraindication to further use (taken from tetanus toxoid package insert).
  • Subjects who have had tetanus toxoid within the last 7 years will not receive the tetanus vaccine component of this
  • Pregnant (positive pregnancy test) or lactating women. Use of LMI vaccine during pregnancy is not approved for use by the FDA during pregnancy. IL-2 is pregnancy category C - risk in pregnancy cannot be ruled out.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00726739

Locations
United States, Minnesota
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
Sponsors and Collaborators
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Arkadiusz Dudek, MD Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00726739     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2006LS046, UMN-0701M01001
Study First Received: July 31, 2008
Results First Received: August 29, 2012
Last Updated: November 7, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota:
recurrent melanoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Melanoma
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Aldesleukin
Interleukin-2
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Central Nervous System Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 22, 2014