Primary Outcome Measures:
- Individual Physical Function and Mental Health domains from SF-36 (for participants who complete the phone surveys); 6-minute walk distance and memory evaluation (for participants who attend the study visits) [ Time Frame: Measured at Months 6 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Secondary Outcome Measures:
- Quality of life, mental health, memory and cognition, physical functioning, fatigue, walking ability, lung function, muscle strength, weight, dietary changes, and changes in muscle and fat composition [ Time Frame: Measured at Months 6 and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Short Form-36 domains, EQ-5D, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Impact of Event Scale-Revised, Mini-Mental State Examination, FACIT-Fatigue, Functional Performance Inventory, Wechsler Memory Scale - Logical Memory 1/2, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Digit Span and Similarities, Controlled Oral Word Association Test, Hayling Sentence Completion, Cognistat - Orientation and Judgment, Timed 4 Meter Walk, Hand grip, Manual Muscle Test, Maximal Inspiratory Pressure, Anthropometrics, DEXA
ALI, a life-threatening condition that involves inflammation of the lungs and fluid accumulation in the air sacs, typically leads to low blood oxygen levels and respiratory failure. Common causes of ALI include pneumonia, sepsis, and lung trauma. Symptoms, including breathing difficulty, low blood pressure, and organ failure, usually develop within 24 to 48 hours of the original injury or illness. Most patients require immediate care in an intensive care unit (ICU), and the main form of treatment is mechanical ventilation, which delivers oxygen and a continuous level of pressure to the damaged lungs. The ARDS Network (ARDSNet) is a group of hospitals and medical centers that conduct research to improve treatment options for people with ARDS and ALI. This study will enroll people who participated in the ARDSNet's ALTA, OMEGA, EDEN, or SAILS study; these studies are investigating new treatments to improve survival and reduce the amount of time people remain on mechanical ventilation in the ICU after ALI. It is not known whether the ARDSNet's treatments have any prolonged benefit for patients after they leave the hospital. The purpose of this study is to evaluate participants' quality of life and long-term health outcomes after they receive the ALTA, OMEGA, EDEN, or SAILS study treatments.
This study will enroll participants who were in the ALTA, OMEGA, EDEN, or SAILS study. ARDS Network trial participants from sites that approved this follow-up study will be contacted by phone at 6 and 12 months to complete a collection of surveys. These surveys assess quality of life, mental health, memory and cognition, physical functioning, fatigue, employment and health insurance status, and health care utilization. At the end of each follow-up, participants will be asked for feedback regarding their experience during the follow-up.
For participants from a sub-set of ARDS Network study sites participating in this study, researchers will review participants' medical records and information collected during the ARDSNet studies. Six and 12 months after ALI, participants will attend study visits at which time walking ability, lung function, and muscle strength will be measured. Weight, dietary changes, and changes in muscle and fat composition will also be assessed. Participants will take part in interviews to evaluate memory and cognition. If participants cannot attend the study visits, research staff will either visit participants' homes to complete the evaluations or conduct some of the evaluations over the phone.