A Study of Sativex® for Relief of Peripheral Neuropathic Pain Associated With Allodynia.

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GW Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00711880
First received: July 7, 2008
Last updated: June 13, 2013
Last verified: June 2013
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of Sativex® compared with placebo in relieving peripheral neuropathic pain associated with allodynia.


Condition Intervention Phase
Pain
Peripheral Neuropathy
Drug: Sativex®
Drug: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: A Double Blind, Randomised, Placebo Controlled Parallel Group Study of Cannabis Based Medicine Extract (CBME), in the Treatment of Peripheral Neuropathic Pain Characterised by Allodynia.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GW Pharmaceuticals Ltd.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in the Mean Daily Peripheral Neuropathic Pain on a 0-10 Numerical Rating Scale Score During the Last Seven Days of Treatment (End of Treatment) [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The neuropathic pain Numerical Rating Scale was completed at the same time each day, i.e. bedtime in the evening. The patient was asked "on a scale of '0 to 10', please indicate the number that best describes your pain or average pain in the last 24 hours" where 0 = no pain and 10 = worst possible pain. A negative value indicates an improvement in pain score from baseline.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in Mean Neuropathic Pain Scale Score at the End of Treatment [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Neuropathic Pain Scale (NPS) score consisted of a series of assessments of different aspects of pain (intensity, sharpness, hot, dull, cold, sensitive, itchy, unpleasantness, and surface compared with deep), each scored using 11-point Numerical Rating Scales. The NPS score is 0-100 sum of 10 individual pain scores (0-10 NRS, 0= no pain to 10 = most pain imaginable). A negative change from baseline indicates an improvement in pain.

  • Change From Baseline in Mean Sleep Quality at the End of Treatment [ Time Frame: Day 7 - Day 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The sleep disruption NRS was completed at the same time each day, i.e. bedtime in the evening. The patient was asked "on a scale of '0 to 10', please indicate how your pain disrupted your sleep last night?" where 0 = did not disrupt sleep and 10 = completely disrupted (unable to sleep at all). A negative value indicates an improvement in sleep disruption score from baseline.

  • Change From Baseline in the Mean Pain Disability Index Score at the End of Treatment [ Time Frame: Day 0 - Day 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Pain Disability Index consisted of seven self-administered questions relating to the effect of the subject's chronic pain on their personal life (family/home responsibilities, social activity, sexual behaviour, life-support activity, recreation, occupation and self-care). Each assessment was scored on an 11-point Numerical Rating Scale ranging from 0 (which equals 'no disability') to 10 (which equals 'total disability'). The total Pain Disability Index is the unweighted sum of the seven Numerical Rating Scale scores. The maximum (worst) total score was 70.

  • Change From Baseline in Mean Dynamic Allodynia Test Score at the End of Treatment [ Time Frame: Day 7 and Day 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Dynamic allodynia was assessed by stroking the skin over the affected area five times with a standardised brush, designed specifically for sensory testing at 5sec intervals, and recording the pain severity on a 0-10 point scale (0= no pain to 10 = most pain imaginable). All strokes were of the same length, minimum 2 cm. Each dynamic allodynia score was calculated as the average of the five strokes. A negative change from baseline indicates an improvement in score.

  • Change From Baseline in Mean Static Allodynia Test Score at the End of Treatment [ Time Frame: Day 0 - Day 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The static allodynia test involved applying pressure to a non-allodynic area (on the contralateral side to the identified allodynic area), and recording the pressure that caused pain to this area. Seventy five percent of the pressure that caused pain to the non-allodynic area (up to the subject's pain/pressure threshold) was then applied to the allodynic area, and an 11-point Numerical Rating Scale pain score recorded (between 0 (no pain)and 10 (most intense pain imaginable)). A negative value indicates an improvement in pain score from baseline.

  • Change From Baseline in Mean Total General Health Questionnaire Score at the End of Treatment [ Time Frame: Day 7 and Day 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The General Health Questionnaire-12 is designed to measure non-psychotic mental disorders. It consists of 12 questions, scored on a 0 to 3 Likert scale to measure and compare psychological morbidity levels, where 0 represents better psychological health. The total General Health Questionnaire-12 score is the unweighted sum of the 12 scores. Zero indicates the best possible psychological health, 36 indicates the worst possible psychological health.

  • Change From Baseline in the Mean Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological Test Score for 'Selective Reminding' at the End of Treatment [ Time Frame: Day 7 and Day 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The Selective Reminding Test measures verbal learning and delayed recall through a multiple-trial list-learning paradigm. Patients are presented aurally with a list of 12 words for trial 1 and are asked to recall as many as possible. For trials 2-6, there is a selective presentation of only those words not recalled on the previous trial. Trial 7 is similar to the other trials but is assessed after an 11-minute delay. The score for the selective reminding test is the unweighted average of seven individual study results (min=0 and max=84) Higher scores indicate a better cognitive performance.

  • Change From Baseline in the Mean Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological Test Score for '10/36 Spatial Recall' at the End of Treatment [ Time Frame: Day 7 and Day 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The 10/36 Spatial Recall Test assesses visual spatial learning and delayed recall. Patients are asked to view a 6 x 6 checkerboard with ten checkers for 10 seconds. They are then asked to recreate the pattern viewed on a blank checkerboard. The number of correct responses from three immediate trials and one delayed trial (7 minute delay) are recorded. The Total number of correct responses is the unweighted sum from the four trials. The score for the 10/36 spatial recall test was the unweighted average of four individual study results (min=0 and max=40). A higher score indicates better cognitive performance.

  • Change From Baseline in the Mean Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological Test Score for 'Symbol Digit Modalities' at the End of Treatment [ Time Frame: Day 7 and Day 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The Symbol Digit Modalities Test measures complex attention and concentration in a task which also requires speed and accuracy in visual search and scanning. Patients are required to associate symbols with numbers and quickly generate the number when shown the symbol. The summary endpoint is the number of correct responses in 90 seconds. The symbol digit modalities test had a min of 0 and max score of 99. A higher score indicates better cognitive performance.

  • Change From Baseline in the Mean Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological Test Score for 'Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task' at the End of Treatment [ Time Frame: Day 7 and Day 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task assesses sustained attention and concentration. A pre-recorded tape is used to present two series of 60 numbers, one every 3 seconds and one every 2 seconds. Patients are asked to add each number to the one immediately preceding it and give the result. The task summary score is the percentage of correct answers is calculated. The PASAT score range was 0% to 100%. Higher scores indicate a better cognitive

  • Change From Baseline in the Mean Brief Repeatable Battery of Neuropsychological Test Score for 'Word List Generation' at the End of Treatment [ Time Frame: Day 7 and Day 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Word list generation measures verbal associative fluency. Patients are given 60 seconds to give as many words beginning with a particular letter. The Total is the unweighted sum of all admissible words over three different trials. Higher scores indicate a better cognitive performance (min=0, max= not defined).

  • Subject Global Impression of Change in the Severity of Peripheral Neuropathic Pain at the End of Treatment [ Time Frame: Day 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Subjects were asked to give their impression of the overall change in their peripheral neuropathic pain since entry into the study using the following seven-point scale: 1 = 'Very Much Improved', 2 = 'Much Improved', 3 = 'Minimally Improved', 4 = 'No Change', 5 = 'Minimally Worse', 6 = 'Much Worse', 7 = 'Very Much Worse'. The number of subjects who reported an improvement is presented.

  • Change From Pre-dose in Mean Intoxication 100 mm Visual Analogue Scale Score at the End of Treatment [ Time Frame: Day 0 - Day 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Intoxication scores were measured using a 100 mm Visual Analogue Scale, where 0 equalled 'no intoxication' and 100 equalled 'extreme intoxication'. A negative value indicates an improvement in intoxication score from baseline.

  • Subject Global Impression of Change in the Severity of Allodynia in Their Chosen Allodynic Area at the End of Treatment [ Time Frame: Day 0 - 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Subjects were asked to give their impression of the overall change in their allodynia since entry into the study using the following seven-point scale: 1 = 'Very Much Improved', 2 = 'Much Improved', 3 = 'Minimally Improved', 4 = 'No Change', 5 = 'Minimally Worse', 6 = 'Much Worse', 7 = 'Very Much Worse'.

    A summary of the number and percentage of subjects


  • Incidence of Adverse Events as a Measure of Subject Safety [ Time Frame: Day 0 - Day 42 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The number of subjects who reported an adverse event during the course of the study is presented


Enrollment: 125
Study Start Date: May 2002
Study Completion Date: March 2004
Primary Completion Date: March 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Sativex Drug: Sativex®
containing THC (27 mg/ml):CBD (25 mg/ml), in ethanol:propylene glycol (50:50) excipients, with peppermint oil (0.05%) flavouring. Maximum permitted dose was eight actuations in any three hour period and 24 actuations (THC 65 mg: CBD 60 mg) in 24 hours
Other Name: GW-1000-02
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Placebo
containing peppermint oil, 0.05% (v/v), quinoline yellow, 0.005% (w/v), sunset yellow, 0.0025% (w/v), in ethanol:propylene glycol (50:50) excipient.
Other Name: GW-4001-01

Detailed Description:

This was a six week, multicentre, double blind, randomised, placebo controlled parallel group study to evaluate the efficacy of Sativex®. Subjects with peripheral neuropathic pain characterised by allodynia, were screened to determine eligibility and entered a seven day baseline period. Subjects then returned to the centre for randomisation and dose introduction, and received either placebo or Sativex in a double blind manner for five weeks, with a follow up visit 7 to 10 days after the end of the treatment period. The primary efficacy measure was the difference in pain severity at the end of treatment, measured using a peripheral neuropathic pain 0 to 10 numerical rating scale.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Willing and able to give informed consent.
  • Male or female, aged 18 years or above.
  • Chronic peripheral neuropathic pain of at least six months duration.
  • Presence of mechanical allodynia within the territory of the affected nerve(s).
  • Evidence of sensory change in the affected nerve by simple clinical tests.
  • Peripheral neuropathic pain with a severity score of four or more on at least four completed NRS during the baseline week.
  • Stable dose of analgesic medication for at least two weeks leading to study entry.
  • Agreement, if female and of child bearing potential or if male with a partner of child bearing potential, to ensure that effective contraception was used during the study and for three months thereafter.
  • Have not used cannabinoids (including cannabis, Marinol or Nabilone) for at least seven days before Visit 1 and were willing to abstain from any use of cannabinoids during the study.
  • Ability (in the investigator's opinion) and willingness to comply with all study requirements.
  • Agreement for the UK Home Office, their primary care physician, and their consultant if appropriate, to be notified of their participation in the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of schizophrenia, other psychotic illness, severe personality disorder or other significant psychiatric disorder other than depression associated with their underlying condition.
  • Concomitant severe non-neuropathic pain or the presence of cancer related neuropathic pain or neuropathic pain resulting from diabetes mellitus.
  • Known history of alcohol or substance abuse.
  • Severe cardiovascular disorder, such as ischaemic heart disease, arrhythmias (other than well controlled atrial fibrillation), poorly controlled hypertension or severe heart failure.
  • History of epilepsy.
  • If female, were pregnant or lactating, or were planning a pregnancy to occur during the course of the study.
  • Significant renal or hepatic impairment.
  • Elective surgery or other procedures requiring general anaesthesia scheduled to occur during the study.
  • Terminal illness or were considered inappropriate for placebo medication.
  • Any other significant disease or disorder which, in the opinion of the investigator, may have either put the subject at risk because of participation in the study, or may influenced the result of the study, or the subject's ability to participate in the study.
  • Regular levodopa (Sinemet®, Sinement Plus®, Levodopa®, L-dopa®, Madopar®, Benserazide®) therapy within the seven days leading to study entry.
  • If male, were receiving and were unwilling to stop sildenafil (Viagra®) for the duration of the study.
  • Known or suspected hypersensitivity to cannabinoids or any of the excipients of the study medications.
  • Known or suspected adverse reaction to cannabinoids.
  • Intention to travel internationally during the study.
  • Intention to donate blood during the study.
  • Participation in another research study in the 12 weeks leading to study entry.
  • Previous randomisation into this study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00711880

Locations
United Kingdom
Clinical Trials Unit, The Walton Centre
Fazakerley, Liverpool, United Kingdom, L9 7LJ
Sponsors and Collaborators
GW Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Turo Nurmikko, MB BS PhD Clinical Trials Unit, The Walton Centre
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: GW Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00711880     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GWNP0101
Study First Received: July 7, 2008
Results First Received: July 19, 2012
Last Updated: June 13, 2013
Health Authority: United Kingdom: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency
Belgium: The Federal Public Service (FPS) Health, Food Chain Safety and Environment

Keywords provided by GW Pharmaceuticals Ltd.:
Pain
Peripheral Neuropathy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neuralgia
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Signs and Symptoms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 28, 2014